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Discussion entries: 5. Acceptable in one context, euphemism in another. In a medical or surgical context, the differences between skin types might involve both the skin colour and other factors, such as dryness, texture, uneven pigmentation. However, as evidenced by the many Asian and African skincare websites this also applies to cosmetics.
Anne-Marie Grant X. The context is as follows. SJLD - sorry, I hadn't read the full context that it was about surgery. For the Asker, could you please post the additional context in the Discussion field? I've asked him to post it here. Automatic update in Peer comments on this answer and responses from the answerer. Return to KudoZ list. View Ideas submitted by the community. Post Your ideas for ProZ. Vote Promote or demote ideas. View forum View forum without registering on UserVoice.
You have native languages that can be verified You can request verification for native languages by completing a simple application that takes only a couple of minutes. View applications. Close and don't show again Close. Close search. Term search Jobs Translators Clients Forums. Term search All of ProZ. French term or phrase:. Chris Hall. If 'black' and 'Asian' are the extremes, this would apply to Carribean skin types. When I was a teenager, the media always referred to people of "mixed race skin colour". Linda Sansome X. B D Finch France.
Julie Barber United Kingdom. Peer comments on this answer and responses from the answerer neutral. Jennifer White : Although I would have said "olive skin", I think, I do so agree with your comment re political correctness.
Julie Barber : I live in London and socialise with lots of different people and I've never heard a complaint before about the term mixed race, although I honestly don't know if it fits for cosmetics. Regarding political correctness, I agree with the politics of letting the group in question decide what is offensive and what is acceptable. Kind regards, Chris.
The duchy, now crown land, thereafter was passed on within the ruling house of France. He wrote some of his Institutes of the Christian Religion there which first edition was published in Latin in Basel in These provinces did not pay the tax on salt. During the first wars of religion the city took up arms: it was reconquered in by Montpensier.
Identités en regard - Bibliographie - Éditions de la Maison des sciences de l’homme
In Charles IX passed through the city during his royal tour of France — accompanied by the court. He left an unflattering description: "The streets of Engolesme are twisted, houses are disordered, the walls built out of various kinds of masonry which show that it was built several times and often taken and ruined" . He led the assault, was repelled, and died on 10 August At that time the castle was the residence of the governors.
During the French Revolution the city was called Mountagne-Charente. The first tree of liberty was planted on 5 July These troops took prisoners and neutralized the many refugee French soldiers in the city. Their number is estimated between 10 and 20 thousand.
They were released in the following days. The Das Reich division, which became tragically famous in during the Battle of Normandy , continued their "lightning war" by quickly moving to the Spanish border to quickly set the line of demarkation to cut France in two. This was the first convoy of the history of Deportation in Europe. It also served as a concentration camp for Gypsies until June This was the first of a long list of 98 resistance fighters or hostages from Charente.
In Mayor Guillon was dismissed and accused of belonging to an organisation outlawed by the Vichy regime.
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He was replaced by a notable industrialist, Pallas. On 8 October , people of Jewish origin were arrested and deported to Auschwitz. Only eight of them ever returned. On 19 March allied bombing caused widespread damage and one casualty at the National Explosives factory. At the end of August the Elster column, which was composed of the remains of various German units and the Indische Legion , passed through the city without incident and withdrew. Various units of FFI from the department and reinforcements from Dordogne then began the encirclement of the city.
On the evening of 31 August an attack was launched, putting to flight the remnants of the German garrison. They fortunately did not have an opportunity to reorganize the defence of the city using the numerous and formidable fortifications erected for this purpose. On the night of 31 August to 1 September the city was liberated and a Liberation Committee with a new prefect was installed. A museum in the commune is devoted to the Resistance and the deportations of Jewish and political prisoners. A statue near the station commemorates the deportations to the concentration camps. This is now the site of a shop featuring British goods.
The Monument to the Resistance is in Chasseneuil to the east. After the war, the city underwent a major expansion of its suburbs. First Grand Font and Bel-Air, following the MRU reconstruction program for war damage of the area around the station which was bombed in Gradually industries moved into more spacious industrial zones created in the peripheral communes between and .
Urbanisation also affected the peripheral communes with housing estates at Soyaux and Ruelle-sur-Touvre and the agglomeration became one of the largest cities in the south-west. In , the city signed a "pilot city" contract with the State DATAR , represented by Albin Chalandon ,   which allowed the city to make large scale public works - e. In after defeat in the municipal elections, the PS deputy mayor, Jean-Michel Boucheron left a hole of million francs in the finances of the city and a debt of 1.
This deficit has burdened the finances of the city and long served as justification for the non-involvement in the completion of public works. The small ring road the southwest quarter - i. Blazon: Azure, a castle with open arch flanked by two towers all of argent masoned and windowed in sable surmounted by a fleur-de-lis of Or, also surmounted by a marquis coronet the same. List of Successive Mayors since . The population of the conurbation was , inhabitants in , in . Taxation is at a rate of The Champ de Mars is the central square of the city and has had an underground shopping arcade since September The eastern ring road was opened in for the final section which opened up several districts.
Rehabilitation operations for collective housing are underway as part of the government Operation for Urban Renewal.
The districts of Grande Garenne, Basseau and Ma Campagne were combined in a program of urban regeneration. With a communal area of 2, hectares, the density of population is 1, inhabitants per km 2 , making it the most densely populated city in Charente and the third most densely populated city in Nouvelle-Aquitaine after La Rochelle and Poitiers. It brings together nearly , inhabitants within an urban conurbation which extends over fifteen kilometres 9. Its Urban Area has , inhabitants and is composed of communes.
The commune was th in size at the national level, while it was at th in , and 1st at the departmental level out of communes. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10, inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.
The Touvre is the second largest river with an underground source in France after the River Sorgue Fontaine-de-Vaucluse. The Touvre emerges as a full-blown river from the head of the valley at Ruelle. Le Nil is another local brand of roll-up paper, named not after the Nile in Egypt but after a small tributary of the Charente. The Le Nil paper-mill is now the Paper Museum. The economy of the modern town also is supplemented by annual tourist events and festivals.
For example, the printers and paper-makers, whose industry relied on intricate machinery, became skilled mechanics and among the first to become fascinated with the motor car in the late 19th century.
French Colonial and Post-Colonial Hybridity: Condition Metisse
Motor trials were held regularly, starting on the long straight road through Puymoyen, now a suburb. Marcel, one of the brothers Renault , was one of the victims. The place of his death is marked by a memorial on road RN10 to Poitiers. The town has been closely associated with motor trials and racing. The Circuit des Remparts see below is held annually, one of the last such street-racing course in France, together with Pau and Monaco.
The cars which they drove frequently are presented at the modern event. The hotel and restaurant trade receives a considerable boost from the races. Subsidiary industries, such as the manufacture of machinery, electric motors and wire fabric, are of considerable importance. The traditional river boat is the Gabare. Iron and copper founding, brewing and tanning also continue. The manufacture of gunpowder, confectionery, heavy iron goods, gloves, boots and shoes including the traditional pantoufle carpet slippers and cotton goods are also important. It opened in July The main line of the Paris Bordeaux railway passes through a tunnel beneath the town  and is due for large-scale refurbishment to improve travel time.
The runway can accommodate the Boeing , and a new restaurant and shops were added in Air France used to operate a service to Lyon. Within the town the streets are often narrow. Apart from the cathedral and the City Hall , the architecture is of little interest to purists. It has a cobbled restaurant quarter, with several galleries and boutiques. For a complete list including links to descriptions in French click here. The attractive covered market Les Halles , on the site of the old jail, was restored and refurbished in and is a central part of city life.
In the National Council of Cities and Villages in Bloom of France  awarded four flowers to the commune in the competition for cities and villages in bloom. It is more rare to see waders.
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Terns , gulls laughing gull , great cormorants , return during periods of storms from far upstream on the river. Marquet island and the Forest of la Pudrerie have been finally cleared and will be provided to the population. Hiking trails and an old haulage road have become part of the green corridor which allows walks along the river. A new museum dedicated to the motion picture opened in at the newly restored chais on opposite side of the river at Saint Cybard.
The event was started in Some to French professionals from animation, effects, post-production and game development studios: SFX supervisors, head of studios, animators, technical directors, meet to share information and hear internationally renowned speakers on the latest advances and new ideas in entertainment technology. The Circuit des Remparts motor racing event, with its street circuit around the ramparts and past the Cathedral, is held the Sunday of the middle weekend in September.
It is also the occasion of the world's largest gathering of pre-war Bugatti race cars, [ citation needed ] usually around 30 cars, many being examples of the legendary T35, the Ferraris of their day. British vintage and classic cars are also in attendance, most having been driven to the event. The Saturday of the "Remparts" weekend includes a tourist rally as opposed to a speed event for classic and sporting cars, around the Cognac area.
Its public institutions include tribunals of first instance and of commerce, a council of trade-arbitrators, a chamber of commerce and a branch of the Bank of France. It includes:. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Prefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France. Prefecture and commune.