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Most helpful customer reviews on Amazon. October 15, - Published on Amazon. Verified Purchase. This item is not a facsimile of "Famous Americans of Recent Times" by James Parton, but just a page excerpt from that page book. I wish I had paid closer attention to the details presented on this page: since I bought this item to replace the original, I would have avoided purchasing this excerpt had I noticed the page count. Besides that, the OCR quality is so poor as to render the text unintelligible in places. Go to Amazon. Discover the best of shopping and entertainment with Amazon Prime.
Prime members enjoy FREE Delivery on millions of eligible domestic and international items, in addition to exclusive access to movies, TV shows, and more. She then helped coordinate major strikes and cofounded the Industrial Workers of the World. Democritus c.
Many consider Democritus to be the "father of modern science". He developed many devices that greatly influenced life around the world, including the phonograph, the motion picture camera, and a long-lasting, practical electric light bulb. Robert was one of the most famous warriors of his generation, eventually leading Scotland during the Wars of Scottish Independence against England. He fought successfully during his reign to regain Scotland's place as an independent nation, and is today remembered in Scotland as a national hero. Florence Kelley September 12, — February 17, was an American social and political reformer.
Her work against sweatshops and for the minimum wage, eight-hour workdays, and children's rights is widely regarded today. Carl Edward Sagan November 9, — December 20, was an American astronomer, astrophysicist, cosmologist, author, science popularizer and science communicator in astronomy and natural sciences. His contributions were central to the discovery of the high surface temperatures of Venus; he also perceived global warming as a growing, man-made danger.
Oprah Gail Winfrey born January 29, is an American media proprietor, talk show host, actress, producer, and philanthropist. Winfrey is best known for her multi-award-winning talk show The Oprah Winfrey Show Dubbed the "Queen of All Media", she has been ranked the richest African-American of the 20th century, the greatest black philanthropist in American history, and is currently North America's only black billionaire. Sitting Bull , also nicknamed Slon-he or "Slow"; c. Cook made detailed maps of Newfoundland prior to making three voyages to the Pacific Ocean, during which he achieved the first recorded European contact with the eastern coastline of Australia and the Hawaiian Islands, and the first recorded circumnavigation of New Zealand.
Lafayette was a general in the American Revolutionary War and a leader of the Garde nationale during the French Revolution. Edwin Eugene "Buzz" Aldrin, Jr. He was the lunar module pilot on Apollo 11 , the first manned lunar landing in history. He was a pioneer in the then-burgeoning world of commercial magazine fiction and was one of the first fiction writers to obtain worldwide celebrity and a large fortune from his fiction alone. He was previously the 64th U. Attorney General from to , serving under his older brother, President John F. Lindbergh was the first person in history to be in New York one day and Paris the next.
Lindbergh, a U. Army Air Corps Reserve officer, was also awarded the nation's highest military decoration, the Medal of Honor, for his historic exploit. Willard Carroll "Will" Smith, Jr. He has enjoyed success in television, film and music. Paul Jackson Pollock January 28, — August 11, , known as Jackson Pollock , was an influential American painter and a major figure in the abstract expressionist movement.
Warren Edward Buffett born August 30, is an American business magnate, investor, and philanthropist. He is widely considered the most successful investor of the 20th century. Buffett is also a notable philanthropist, having pledged to give away 99 percent of his fortune to philanthropic causes.
James Cleveland " Jesse " Owens September 12, — March 31, was an American track and field athlete who specialized in the sprints and the long jump. He participated in the Summer Olympics in Berlin, Germany, where he achieved international fame by winning four gold medals: one each in the meters, the meters, the long jump, and as part of the 4x meter relay team. Geronimo Mescalero-Chiricahua: Goyaa? He was the first human to journey into space.
Elon R. Musk born June 28, is a South African-born Canadian-American business magnate, inventor and investor. Marshall was the Court's 96th justice and its first African-American justice. Owain Glyndwr , or or Owain Glyn D? Her most famous book, The Hiding Place, describes the ordeal. Augustine of Hippo Aurelius Augustinus Hipponensis ; 13 November — 28 August , also known as Saint Augustine or Saint Austin , was an early Christian theologian and philosopher whose writings were very influential in the development of Western Christianity and Western philosophy.
Drafted into the NBA sixth overall by the Boston Celtics in , Bird started at small forward and power forward for thirteen seasons, spearheading one of the NBA's most formidable frontcourts that included center Robert Parish and forward Kevin McHale. Jane Addams September 6, — May 21, was a pioneer settlement worker, founder of Hull House in Chicago, public philosopher, sociologist, author, and leader in woman suffrage and world peace. Beside presidents such as Theodore Roosevelt and Woodrow Wilson, she was the most prominent reformer of the Progressive Era and helped turn the nation to issues of concern to mothers, such as the needs of children, public health, and world peace.
Winton found homes for the children and arranged for their safe passage to Britain. Morgan Freeman born June 1, is an American actor, film director, and narrator. Sojourner Truth c. Truth was born into slavery in Swartekill, Ulster County, New York, but escaped with her infant daughter to freedom in After going to court to recover her son, she became the first black woman to win such a case against a white man. Angelina Jolie , born Angelina Jolie Voight ; June 4, is an American actress, film director, screenwriter, and author.
Buckminster Fuller was an early environmental activist. He was very aware of the finite resources the planet has to offer. Fuller was a pioneer in thinking globally, and he explored principles of energy and material efficiency in the fields of architecture, engineering and design. Fuller was concerned about sustainability and about human survival under the existing socio-economic system, yet remained optimistic about humanity's future. He is most famous for alerting Colonial militia of approaching British forces before the battles of Lexington and Concord, as dramatized in Henry Wadsworth Longfellow's poem, "Paul Revere's Ride.
Marilyn Monroe born Norma Jeane Mortenson ; June 1, — August 5, was an American actress, model, and singer, who became a major sex symbol, starring in a number of commercially successful motion pictures during the s and early s. John R. Cash was known for his deep bass-baritone voice, coupled with an increasingly somber and humble demeanor, free prison concerts, and trademark look, which earned him the nickname "The Man in Black". He wore black on behalf of the poor and hungry, on behalf of "the prisoner who has long paid for his crime", and on behalf of those who have been betrayed by age or drugs.
Granville Sharp 10 November — 6 July was one of the first English campaigners for the abolition of the slave trade. He also involved himself in trying to correct other social injustices. Wayne Douglas Gretzky , CC born January 26, is a Canadian former professional ice hockey player and former head coach. Nicknamed "The Great One" , he has been called "the greatest hockey player ever" by many sportswriters, players, and the NHL itself.
Neil deGrasse Tyson born October 5, is an American astrophysicist, author, and science communicator. He is currently the Frederick P. Ruby Nell Bridges Hall born September 8, is known as the first black child to attend an all-white elementary school in the South. Although his mainstream career spanned only four years, he is widely regarded as one of the most influential electric guitarists in the history of popular music, and one of the most celebrated musicians of the 20th century.
Villa and his supporters seized hacienda land for distribution to peasants and soldiers. He robbed and commandeered trains and, like the other revolutionary generals, printed fiat money to pay for his cause. He has received a Golden Globe Award, a Screen Actors Guild Award, and three Academy Award nominations in acting categories, and received two further Academy Award nominations, winning one, for productions of his film production company Plan B Entertainment.
She was posthumously awarded the George Cross, the highest civilian decoration in the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth nations. At eighteen, he joined Plato's Academy in Athens. A five-time World Series champion, Jeter is regarded as a central figure of the Yankees during their success of the late s and early s due to his hitting ability, baserunning, fielding, and leadership. Maximilian Karl Emil "Max" Weber , 21 April — 14 June was a German sociologist, philosopher, and political economist whose ideas influenced social theory, social research, and the entire discipline of sociology.
Tecumseh March — October 5, was a Native American leader of the Shawnee and a large tribal confederacy known as Tecumseh's Confederacy which opposed the United States during Tecumseh's War and became an ally of Britain in the War of Audie Leon Murphy 20 June — 28 May was one of the most decorated American combat soldiers of World War II, receiving every military combat award for valor available from the U. Army, as well as French and Belgian awards for heroism. The year-old Murphy received the Medal of Honor after single-handedly holding off an entire company of Germans for an hour at the Colmar Pocket in France in January , then leading a successful counterattack while wounded and out of ammunition.
His military genius and political acumen led to the establishment of the independent black state of Haiti, transforming an entire society of slaves into a free, self-governing people. Zinedine Yazid Zidane born 23 June , nicknamed " Zizou ", is an assistant coach and sporting director at Real Madrid, and a retired footballer who played as an attacking midfielder for the French national team, Juventus and Real Madrid.
James Nathaniel "Jim" Brown born February 17, is an American former professional football player and actor. He is best known for his exceptional and record-setting nine-year career as a running back for the NFL Cleveland Browns from to In , he was named by Sporting News as the greatest professional football player ever. He was nicknamed "Mr. Stephen Bantu Biko 18 December — 12 September was an anti-apartheid activist in South Africa in the s and s. Recognised as a film and fashion icon, Hepburn was active during Hollywood's Golden Age.
She is also regarded by some to be the most naturally beautiful woman of all time. She worked in some of the most profoundly disadvantaged communities of Africa, South America and Asia between and Raymond Anthony Lewis, Jr. Paul Rusesabagina born 15 June is a Rwandan hotel manager and humanitarian known for hiding and protecting 1, Hutu and Tutsi refugees during the Rwandan Genocide.
None of those refugees were hurt or killed during the attacks. John Rabe November 23, — January 5, was a German businessman who is best known for his efforts to stop the atrocities of the Japanese army during the Nanking Occupation and his work to protect and help the Chinese civilians during the event. The Nanking Safety Zone, which he helped to establish, sheltered approximately , Chinese people from slaughter during the massacre. Mosheh ben Maimon was a preeminent medieval Spanish, Sephardic Jewish philosopher, astronomer and one of the most prolific and influential Torah scholars and physicians of the Middle Ages.
Location of his death is possibly Tiberias, where his son and his tomb are set. He was a Major League Baseball right fielder who played 18 seasons for the Pittsburgh Pirates from through From a young age, Morrison became infatuated with the works of Friedrich Nietzsche, Arthur Rimbaud and Jack Kerouac, often incorporating their work into his lyrics.
He gathered supporters in Southampton County, Virginia. Meriwether Lewis August 18, — October 11, was an American explorer, soldier, and public administrator, best known for his role as the leader of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, also known as the Corps of Discovery, with William Clark. Their mission was to explore the territory of the Louisiana Purchase, establish trade and sovereignty over the natives near the Missouri River, and claim the Pacific Northwest and Oregon Country for the United States before European nations.
His letters, essays, and books telling of his adventures in nature, especially in the Sierra Nevada mountains of California, have been read by millions. As well as his many successful business initiatives, Branson has been involved in a host of humanitarian initiatives including discussing in the late s with Nelson Mandela and Peter Gabriel the idea of a small, dedicated group of leaders, working objectively and without any vested personal interest to solve difficult global conflicts.
During his year baseball career — , he pitched for five different teams. Sir Thomas Sean Connery Kt. Considered to be the world's foremost expert on chimpanzees, Goodall is best known for her year study of social and family interactions of wild chimpanzees in Gombe Stream National Park, Tanzania. Lucy Stone August 13, — October 19, was a prominent American orator, abolitionist, and suffragist, and a vocal advocate and organizer promoting rights for women.
In , Stone became the first woman from Massachusetts to earn a college degree. George Timothy Clooney born May 6, is an American actor, film director, producer, and screenwriter. For his work as an actor, he has received three Golden Globe Awards and two Academy Awards - one for acting and the other for producing. Alice Stokes Paul January 11, — July 9, was an American suffragist, feminist, and women's rights activist. As one of the main leaders and strategists of the campaign, along with Lucy Burns and others, she led a successful campaign for women's suffrage that resulted in the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the U.
Paul Leonard Newman January 26, — September 26, was an American actor, film director, entrepreneur, humanitarian, professional racing driver, auto racing team owner, and auto racing enthusiast.
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- A Sustainability Challenge: Food Security for All: Report of Two Workshops!
Lucy Burns July 28, — December 22, was an American suffragist and women's rights advocate. She was a passionate activist in the United States and in the United Kingdom. Burns was a close friend of Alice Paul, and together they ultimately formed the National Woman's Party. Giovanni Falcone 18 May — 23 May was an Italian prosecuting magistrate. From his office in the Palace of Justice in Palermo, he spent most of his professional life trying to overthrow the power of the Mafia in Sicily.
Charles Edward Anderson " Chuck " Berry born October 18, is an American guitarist, singer and songwriter, and one of the pioneers of rock and roll music. Jerry Lee Lewis born September 29, is an American rock and roll and country music singer-songwriter and pianist. Avram Noam Chomsky born December 7, is an American linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, logician, political commentator and activist.
Sometimes described as the "father of modern linguistics", Chomsky is also a major figure in analytic philosophy. Charles Robert Redford Jr. He was canonized by Pope Pius XI in as one of the early martyrs of the schism that separated the Church of England from Rome in the 16th century. She was the first woman to start a weekly newspaper and an activist for women's rights and labor reforms. In , she was the first female candidate for President of the United States. Emma Hart Willard February 23, — April 15, was an American women's rights activist who dedicated her life to education.
With Jane Addams she co-founded Hull House as a kindergarten and then a day nursery, an infancy care centre, and a centre for continuing education for adults. Starr was also active in the campaign to reform child labor laws and industrial working conditions in Chicago. She was a member of the Women's Trade Union League and helped organize striking garment workers in , , and Mary Ellen Richmond was an American social work pioneer. Ida Bell Wells-Barnett July 16, — March 25, was an African-American journalist, newspaper editor, suffragist, sociologist, and an early leader in the civil rights movement.
She documented lynching in the United States, showing how it was often a way to control or punish blacks who competed with whites, often under the guise of rape charges. Ralph Nader born February 27, is an American political activist, as well as an author, lecturer, and attorney. Areas of particular concern to Nader include consumer protection, humanitarianism, environmentalism, and democratic government. Close Vote Edward R. Edward R.
Famous German Americans/Celebrities of German Descent! - IMDb
He first came to prominence with a series of radio news broadcasts during World War II, which were followed by millions of listeners in the United States. Calvin Edwin "Cal" Ripken, Jr. Lady Constance Georgina Bulwer-Lytton Jane Warton , Jane Wharton born 12 January , Vienna, died 2 May , Knebworth House was an influential British suffragette activist, writer, speaker and campaigner for prison reform, votes for women, and birth control. Katherine Wilson Sheppard , also known as Kate , 10 March — 13 July was the most prominent member of New Zealand's Women's Suffrage and was the country's most famous suffragette.
She also appears on the New Zealand ten-dollar note. Since New Zealand was the first country to introduce universal suffrage, Sheppard's work has had a considerable impact on women's suffrage movements in several other countries. She became a leading figure in the maquis groups of the French Resistance and was one of the Allies' most decorated servicewomen of the war.
Hamm played many years as a forward for the United States women's national soccer team and was a founding member of the Washington Freedom. His success on clay has earned him the nickname "The King of Clay" and has led many sports journalists and commentators, as well as former and current players, to regard him as the finest clay court player in history. Quentin Jerome Tarantino born March 27, is an American film director, screenwriter, producer, and actor.
His films have been characterized by nonlinear storylines, satirical subject matter and an aestheticization of violence that often results in the exhibition of neo-noir characteristics. Brian Douglas Wilson born June 20, is an American singer-songwriter, musician, and producer best known for being the principal songwriter, co-lead vocalist, bassist, producer, arranger, and co-founder of The Beach Boys. After signing with Capitol Records in mid, Wilson wrote or co-wrote more than two dozen Top 40 hits for the group.
Thomas John Barnardo 4 July — 19 September was a philanthropist and founder and director of homes for poor children, born in Dublin. Upton Beall Sinclair, Jr. September 20, — November 25, , was an American author who wrote close to one hundred books in many genres. He achieved popularity in the first half of the twentieth century, acquiring particular fame for his classic muckraking novel, The Jungle Tina Strobos 19 May — 27 February was a Dutch physician and child psychiatrist who, while a medical student during World War II living in Amsterdam, helped shelter more than Jewish refugees as part of the Dutch resistance during the Nazi occupation of The Netherlands.
She carried news and ration stamps to Jews hiding on farms outside the city, as well as radios and firearms for the Dutch resistance. She was seized or questioned nine times by the Gestapo. As the author of Witold's Report, the first intelligence report on Auschwitz concentration camp, Pilecki enabled the Polish government-in-exile to convince the Allies that the Holocaust was taking place.
Sachin Ramesh Tendulkar AM born 24 April is an Indian cricketer widely acknowledged as the greatest batsman of his generation. Born in Mumbai, he took up cricket at age of eleven, made his test debut against Pakistan at just sixteen years old, and went on to represent Mumbai domestically and India internationally for more than twenty years. Ida Minerva Tarbell November 5, — January 6, was an American teacher, author and journalist.
She was one of the leading "muckrakers" of the progressive era. She wrote many notable magazine series and biographies. She depicted John D. Rockefeller as crabbed, miserly, money-grabbing, and viciously effective at monopolizing the oil trade. She was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in for her work toward the banning and clearing of anti-personnel mines.
He frequently performed with the slogan This Machine Kills Fascists displayed on his guitar. John Albert Elway, Jr. He played college football at Stanford and his entire professional career with the Denver Broncos. He is the current 10, metres Olympic champion and metres Olympic, World and European champion. James Arthur Baldwin August 2, — December 1, was an American novelist, essayist, playwright, poet, and social critic. Baldwin's essays, as collected in Notes of a Native Son , explore palpable yet unspoken intricacies of racial, sexual, and class distinctions in Western societies, most notably in midth-century America, and their inevitable if unnameable tensions.
Alberto Contador Velasco born 6 December is a Spanish professional cyclist, one of five riders to have won all three Grand Tours of road cycling. He was the winner of the Tour de France with the Discovery Channel team. He is also known for writing the fictional adventures of a second character he invented, Professor Challenger, and for popularising the mystery of the Mary Celeste.
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger born July 30, is an Austrian-born American actor, film producer, businessman, investor, writer, philanthropist, former professional bodybuilder and politician. In , Arnold Schwarzenegger founded the R20 Regions of Climate Action to develop a sustainable, low carbon economy. Richard Claxton "Dick" Gregory born October 12, is an American comedian, social activist, social critic, writer, entrepreneur, and conspiracy theorist. Bryan Bartlett "Bart" Starr born January 9, is a former professional American football player and coach.
He wore 15 and he was the quarterback for the Green Bay Packers from to Although his first profitable writing was music and literary criticism, in which capacity he wrote many highly articulate pieces of journalism, his main talent was for drama, and he wrote more than 60 plays. A child prodigy, he developed into one of the most creative and loved musical figures of the late 20th century.
She traveled thousands of miles from North Dakota to the Pacific Ocean between and He was also a mathematician, student of Socrates, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the Western world. He was the son of King Edward the Elder and his first wife, Ecgwynn. He is the author of 57 books, including Night, a work based on his experiences as a prisoner in the Auschwitz, Buna, and Buchenwald concentration camps. She published seven autobiographies, three books of essays, and several books of poetry, and was credited with a list of plays, movies, and television shows spanning more than 50 years.
Sybil Ludington April 5, — February 26, , daughter of Colonel Henry Ludington, was a heroine of the American Revolutionary War who became famous for her night ride on April 26, to alert American colonial forces to the approach of the British. Her action was similar to that performed by Paul Revere, though she rode more than twice the distance of Revere and was only 16 years old at the time of her action. Claudette Colvin born September 5, is a pioneer of the African-American civil rights movement. Christopher Columbus was an Italian explorer, navigator, and colonizer, born in the Republic of Genoa, in what is today northwestern Italy.
Under the auspices of the Catholic Monarchs of Spain, he completed four voyages across the Atlantic Ocean that led to general European awareness of the American continents. Confucius — BC was a Chinese teacher, editor, politician, and philosopher of the Spring and Autumn period of Chinese history. Kailash Satyarthi born 11 January is an Indian children's rights advocate and an activist against child labour. He founded the Bachpan Bachao Andolan in and has acted to protect the rights of more than 83, children from countries. It is largely because of Satyarthi's work and activism that the International Labour Organization adopted Convention No.
Stefani Joanne Angelina Germanotta born March 28, , better known by her stage name Lady Gaga, is an American recording artist, activist, record producer, businesswoman, fashion designer, philanthropist, and actress. Harvey Bernard Milk May 22, — November 27, was an American politician who became the first openly gay person to be elected to public office in California when he won a seat on the San Francisco Board of Supervisors.
Politics and gay activism were not his early interests; he was not open about his homosexuality and did not participate in civic matters until around the age of 40, after his experiences in the counterculture of the s. His father, Hamilcar Barca, was the leading Carthaginian commander during the First Punic War, his younger brothers were Mago and Hasdrubal, and he was brother-in-law to Hasdrubal the Fair.
He led the Antarctic expedition to become the first men to reach the South Pole in December In , he was the first expedition leader to be recognized without dispute as having reached the North Pole. Madonna Louise Ciccone born August 16, is an American singer, songwriter, actress, and businesswoman. One of the most prominent cultural icons for over three decades, she has achieved an unprecedented level of power and control for a woman in the entertainment industry. Gloria Marie Steinem born March 25, is an American feminist, journalist, and social and political activist who became nationally recognized as a leader of, and media spokeswoman for, the women's liberation movement in the late s and s.
A prominent writer and key counterculture era political figure, Steinem has founded many organizations and projects and has been the recipient of many awards and honors. Eddie Vedder born Edward Louis Severson ; December 23, is an American musician, singer, songwriter and multi-instrumentalist who is best known for being the lead vocalist and one of three guitarists of the alternative rock band Pearl Jam.
Known for his distinctive and powerful vocals, he has been ranked at 7 on a list of "Best Lead Singers of All Time", compiled by Rolling Stone. He is best known for independently conceiving the theory of evolution through natural selection, which prompted Charles Darwin to publish his own ideas in On the Origin of Species. Olympe de Gouges 7 May — 3 November , born Marie Gouze , was a French playwright and political activist whose feminist and abolitionist writings reached a large audience.
He was killed by a Mafia car bomb in Palermo, 57 days after his friend and fellow Antimafia magistrate Giovanni Falcone was assassinated. As a performer, he was known for his flamboyant stage persona and powerful vocals over a four-octave range. April 5, was an American musician and artist, who was best known as the lead singer, guitarist, and primary songwriter of the grunge band Nirvana. Her wartime exploits and endurance of a brutal interrogation and imprisonment, made her one of the most celebrated members of the Special Operations Executive, the British sabotage and espionage organisation, and one of the few to survive Nazi imprisonment.
Elisha Nelson "Eli" Manning born January 3, is an American football quarterback for the New York Giants of the National Football League and is the active iron man for consecutive starts by a quarterback. Kurt Vonnegut, Jr. His works such as Cat's Cradle , Slaughterhouse-Five , and Breakfast of Champions blend satire, gallows humor, and science fiction. Chaplin became a worldwide icon through his screen persona "the Tramp" and is considered one of the most important figures in the history of the film industry.
17 Famous Women in American History Who Improved Your Life for the Better
Alton Glenn Miller March 1, — missing in action December 15, was an American big band musician, arranger, composer, and bandleader in the swing era. He was the best-selling recording artist from to , leading one of the best known big bands. Described as the "savior of mothers", Semmelweis discovered that the incidence of puerperal fever could be drastically cut by the use of hand disinfection in obstetrical clinics.
The name he is best known by is actually an honorific which means "Master Sun": His birth name was Sun Wu and he was known outside of his family by his courtesy name Changqing. She had, however, already been detained under house arrest before the elections. She remained under house arrest in Burma for almost 15 of the 21 years from 20 July until her most recent release on 13 November , becoming one of the world's most prominent political prisoners. Yitzhak Rabin 1 March — 4 November was an Israeli politician, statesman and general.
He was the fifth Prime Minister of Israel, serving two terms in office, —77 and until his assassination in The Accords greatly divided Israeli society, with some seeing Rabin as a hero for advancing the cause of peace and some as a traitor for giving away land they viewed as rightfully Israel's. Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre 21 June — 15 April was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. In , after the group disbanded, Sartre joined a writers' Resistance group, in which he remained an active participant until the end of the war.
William Lloyd Garrison December 12, — May 24, was a prominent American abolitionist, journalist, suffragist, and social reformer. He is best known as the editor of the abolitionist newspaper The Liberator , which he founded in and published in Massachusetts until slavery was abolished by Constitutional amendment after the American Civil War.
Barbra Joan Streisand born Barbara Joan Streisand , April 24, is an American singer-songwriter, author, actress, film producer, and director. Brian Boru c. She was posthumously awarded the Jamaican Order of Merit in In she was voted the greatest Black Briton although she was only one quarter black. Louis Braille 4 January — 6 January was the inventor of braille, a system of reading and writing used by people who are blind or visually impaired. As a small child, Braille was blinded in an accident; as a boy he developed a mastery over that blindness; and as a young man — still a student at school — he created a revolutionary form of communication that transcended blindness and transformed the lives of millions.
Patrick Henry May 29, — June 6, was an attorney, planter and politician who became known as an orator during the movement for independence in Virginia in the s. A Founding Father, he served as the first and sixth post-colonial Governor of Virginia, from to and from to Ichiro Suzuki known as Ichiro born October 22, , is a Japanese-born professional baseball outfielder who currently plays for the New York Yankees. Walter Leland Cronkite, Jr. During the heyday of CBS News in the s and s, he was often cited as "the most trusted man in America" after being so named in an opinion poll.
Desmond Mpilo Tutu born 7 October is a South African social rights activist and retired Anglican bishop who rose to worldwide fame during the s as an opponent of apartheid. He is a man who, since the demise of apartheid, has been active in the defence of human rights and uses his high profile to campaign for the oppressed. He has campaigned to fight AIDS, tuberculosis, poverty, racism, sexism, the imprisonment of Chelsea Manning, homophobia and transphobia. He received the Nobel Peace Prize in Gandhi, who served from to and then again from until her assassination in , is the second-longest-serving Prime Minister of India and the only woman to hold the office.
King won 39 Grand Slam titles, including 12 singles, 16 women's doubles, and 11 mixed doubles titles. King is an advocate for sexual equality. In , at age 29, she won the so-called Battle of the Sexes tennis match against the year-old Bobby Riggs. She says "I believe in the missions of these two organizations because they are about helping others, and making a difference in the lives of those around us.
Close Vote F. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest American writers of the 20th century. Bonnie Kathleen Blair born March 18, is a retired American speedskater. She is one of the top skaters of her time, and one of the most decorated athletes in Olympic history. Stephen Stephanos ; sometimes spelled "Stephan" , traditionally regarded as the first martyr of Christianity, was, according to the Acts of the Apostles, a deacon in the early church at Jerusalem who aroused the enmity of members of various synagogues by his teachings.
Accused of blasphemy, at his trial he made a long speech fiercely denouncing the Jewish authorities who were sitting in judgement on him and was stoned to death. Sotomayor is the Court's th justice, its first Hispanic justice, and its third female justice.
Olaudah Equiano c. He was enslaved as a child in his home town of Essaka in what is now southern Nigeria, shipped to the West Indies, moved to England, and successfully purchased his freedom. His autobiography, "The Interesting Narrative of the Life of Olaudah Equiano", depicts the horrors of slavery and influenced the enactment of the Slave Trade Act of Louis Seymour Bazett Leakey L. Leakey 7 August — 1 October was a British paleoanthropologist and archaeologist whose work was important in establishing human evolutionary development in Africa, particularly through his discoveries in the Olduvai Gorge.
He also played a major role in creating organizations for future research in Africa and for protecting wildlife there. He is credited with being the founder of the Republic of Turkey. Janis Lyn Joplin January 19, — October 4, was an American singer-songwriter who first rose to fame in the late s as the lead singer of the psychedelic-acid rock band Big Brother and the Holding Company, and later as a solo artist with her own backing groups, The Kozmic Blues Band and The Full Tilt Boogie Band.
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She was one of the more popular acts at the Monterey Pop Festival and later became one of the major attractions to the Woodstock festival and the Festival Express train tour. Paul David Hewson born 10 May , known by his stage name Bono , is an Irish singer-songwriter, musician, venture capitalist, businessman, and philanthropist. He is best recognized as the frontman of the Dublin-based rock band U2. Bono was born and raised in Dublin, Ireland. Bono writes almost all U2 lyrics, frequently using religious, social, and political themes.
Anne Knight 2 November — 4 November was a social reformer noted as a pioneer of feminism. He is a cultural icon of the United States and a cultural icon of teenage disillusionment, as expressed in the title of his most celebrated film, Rebel Without a Cause , in which he starred as troubled teenager Jim Stark. Mitchell began singing in small nightclubs in Saskatchewan and Western Canada and then busking in the streets and dives of Toronto.
Anthony Keith "Tony" Gwynn, Sr. May 9, — June 16, , nicknamed Mr. Louis Cardinals — Willem de Kooning April 24, — March 19, was a Dutch American abstract expressionist artist who was born in Rotterdam, the Netherlands. In the post-World War II era, de Kooning painted in a style that came to be referred to as Abstract expressionism or Action painting, and was part of a group of artists that came to be known as the New York School. William Martin " Billy " Joel born May 9, is an American pianist, singer-songwriter, and composer. Since releasing his first hit song, "Piano Man", in , Joel has become the sixth best-selling recording artist and the third best-selling solo artist in the United States.
Hansen is best known for his research in the field of climatology, his testimony on climate change to congressional committees in that helped raise broad awareness of global warming, and his advocacy of action to avoid dangerous climate change. Taylor Alison Swift born December 13, is an American singer-songwriter.
Raised in Wyomissing, Pennsylvania, Swift moved to Nashville, Tennessee, at the age of 14 to pursue a career in country music. In , Michelle Obama presented Swift with The Big Help Award for her "dedication to helping others" and "inspiring others through action. Born into one of the more powerful of the royal families of what was then the British Protectorate of Bechuanaland, and educated abroad in neighbouring South Africa and in the United Kingdom, he returned home to lead his country's independence movement.
In , Botswana gained independence and Khama became its first president. During his presidency, the country underwent rapid economic and social progress. Dwyane Tyrone Wade, Jr. Named the Sportsman of the Year by Sports Illustrated , Wade has established himself as one of the most well-known and popular players in the league. John is described as having the unique practice of baptism for the forgiveness of sins. He marched a group of people from Kent to Canterbury, then to London to oppose the institution of a new poll tax. Marcus Mosiah Garvey, Jr.
He founded the Black Star Line, part of the Back-to-Africa movement, which promoted the return of the African diaspora to their ancestral lands. Daniel Ellsberg born April 7, is a former United States military analyst who, while employed by the RAND Corporation, precipitated a national political controversy in when he released the Pentagon Papers, a top-secret Pentagon study of U.
Danica Sue Patrick born March 25, is an American auto racing driver, model and advertising spokeswoman. He is the first and only eight-division world champion, in which he has won ten world titles, as well as the first to win the lineal championship in four different weight classes. Gauss had a remarkable influence in many fields of mathematics and science and is ranked as one of history's most influential mathematicians. Mikhail Alexandrovich Bakunin — 1 July was a Russian revolutionary anarchist, and founder of collectivist anarchism.
He is considered among the most influential figures of anarchism, and one of the principal founders of the "social anarchist" tradition. Bakunin's enormous prestige as an activist made him one of the most famous ideologues in Europe, and he gained substantial influence among radicals throughout Russia and Europe. Nicknamed "Lady Day" by her friend and musical partner Lester Young, Holiday had a seminal influence on jazz and pop singing.
Overcoming her early traumatic life, her vocal style, strongly inspired by jazz instrumentalists, pioneered a new way of manipulating phrasing and tempo.
Roger Federer German: born 8 August is a Swiss professional tennis player who is currently ranked world No. Many commentators and players regard Federer as the greatest tennis player of all time. He is a three-time All-Star and holds the longest streak for consecutive games recording double figures in points and rebounds since the ABA—NBA merger. Yi Sun-shin Hangul: hanja: April 28, — December 16, was a Korean naval commander, famed for his victories against the Japanese navy during the Imjin war in the Joseon Dynasty, and is well-respected for his exemplary conduct on and off the battlefield not only by Koreans, but by Japanese Admirals as well.
Military historians have compared his naval genius to that of Admiral Horatio Nelson. Melchora Aquino de Ramos January 6, — March 2, was a Filipina revolutionary who became known as " Tandang Sora " " Elder Sora " in the history of the Philippines because of her age when the Philippine Revolution broke out in she was already 84 at the time.
Jinnah served as leader of the All-India Muslim League from until Pakistan's independence on 14 August , and as Pakistan's first Governor-General from independence until his death. He coined the term " freeborn rights ", defining them as rights with which every human being is born, as opposed to rights bestowed by government or human law. In his early life he was a Puritan, though towards the end of his life he became a Quaker. Mangal Pandey 19 July — 8 April , was an Indian soldier who played a key part in events immediately preceding the outbreak of the Indian rebellion of While contemporary British opinion considered him a traitor and mutineer, Pandey is widely regarded as a freedom fighter in modern India.
Tesla was renowned for his achievements and showmanship, eventually earning him a reputation in popular culture as an archetypal "mad scientist. His meeting with H. Stanley on 10 November gave rise to the popular quotation "Dr. Livingstone, I presume? She is a former long-standing member of parliament for Gichugu Constituency and an Advocate of the High Court of Kenya.
She was Minister of Justice until resigning from that position in April In Karua was recognised by Human Rights Watch as a human rights monitor. He received the Medal of Honor for leading an attack on a German machine gun nest, taking 32 machine guns, killing 28 German soldiers, and capturing others. Governor of the Plymouth Colony in America for 30 years. A member of the Separatist movement within Puritanism, in he left England and went to Holland seeking religious freedom. Finding a lack of economic opportunity there, in he helped organize an expedition of about Pilgrims to the New World.
He helped draft the Mayflower Compact aboard the group's ship, and he served as governor of the Plymouth Colony for all but five years from to He helped establish and foster the principles of self-government and religious freedom that characterized later American colonial government. He was the chairman of the British Interplanetary Society from —47 and again in — He volunteered for an intelligence-gathering mission in New York City but was captured by the British and hanged. Andre Romelle Young born February 18, , known by his stage name Dr. Dre , is an American record producer, rapper and entrepreneur.
During the May of , Dr. Ellen Lee DeGeneres born January 26, is an American comedienne, television host, actress, writer, and television producer. Starting as a stand-up comedian in San Francisco and Los Angeles in the mids, he is credited with leading San Francisco's comedy renaissance. Williams went on to establish a career in both stand-up comedy and feature film acting. He was known for his improvisational skills. He won many awards throughout his career, even though depression was continually trying to pull him down. Bob Zmuda, creator of Comic Relief, explains that Williams felt blessed because he came from a wealthy home, but wanted to do something to help those less fortunate.
Amongst other charity work, Williams made benefit appearances to support literacy and women's rights, along with appearing at benefits for veterans. On 10 October , Ebadi was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for her significant and pioneering efforts for democracy and human rights, especially women's, children's, and refugee rights. She was previously a Harvard Law School professor specializing in bankruptcy law.
Credited with kills, she is regarded as the most successful female sniper in history. Along with T. After landing at Anzac Cove on 25 April , he obtained a donkey and began carrying wounded British Empire soldiers from the frontline to the beach, for evacuation. She is celebrated for saving the lives of soldiers from all sides without distinction and in helping some Allied soldiers escape from German-occupied Belgium during World War I, for which she was arrested and shot. Often referred to as the "King of Pop", or by his initials MJ , Jackson is recognized as the most successful entertainer of all time by Guinness World Records.
From the rescue of the crew of the Pyrin and then of half of the crew of the Fernebo in , through to his near drowning in the service to the SS English Trader in , he was awarded the gold medal of the Royal National Lifeboat Institution three times and the silver medal four times, the George Cross, the British Empire Medal, and a series of other awards. He was credited with 20 aerial victories, four shared victories, six probables, one shared probable and 11 enemy aircraft damaged.
She became celebrated especially for her daring exploits in intelligence and irregular-warfare missions in Nazi-occupied Poland and France. Robert John Downey, Jr. Samuel Prescott August 19, — c. Susan Travers 23 September — 18 December was an Englishwoman who was the only woman to serve officially with the French Foreign Legion. She served in occupied France as a radio operator under the codename "Rose". He was a Unionist Member of Parliament from to and was one of only two men who during the Second World War enlisted in the British Army as a private and rose to the rank of Brigadier.
Mariah Carey born March 27, or is an American singer, songwriter, actress, record producer, and philanthropist. She has been involved with several charitable organizations including donating royalties from her hits "Hero" and "One Sweet Day" to charities. She is also well-known nationally for her work with the Make-A-Wish Foundation in granting the wishes of children with life-threatening illnesses.
Besides his technical work he was a popular and witty critic of capitalism, as shown by his best-known book The Theory of the Leisure Class After serving as guitarist, vocalist, and principal songwriter of the Velvet Underground, his solo career spanned several decades. The son of a coal miner, Bevan was a lifelong champion of social justice and the rights of working people. Lincoln Steffens April 6, — August 9, was a New York reporter who launched a series of articles in McClure's that would later be published together in a book titled The Shame of the Cities.
He was a political science professor at Boston University for 24 years and taught history at Spelman College for 7 years. He wrote extensively about the civil rights and anti-war movements, and labor history of the United States. Herbert Spencer 27 April — 8 December was an English philosopher, biologist, sociologist, and prominent classical liberal political theorist of the Victorian era. Wendell Phillips November 29, —February 2, was an American abolitionist, advocate for Native Americans, orator and lawyer. In the presidential election, Wallace was the nominee of the Progressive Party.
Murray Bookchin January 14, — July 30, was an American anarchist and libertarian socialist author, orator, historian, and political theoretician. A pioneer in the ecology movement, Bookchin initiated the critical theory of social ecology within anarchist, libertarian socialist, and ecological thought. Lester F. Ward June 18, — April 18, was an American botanist, paleontologist, and sociologist. Ward emphasized universal and comprehensive public schooling to provide the public with the knowledge a democracy needs to successfully govern itself.
Alfred Bernhard Nobel 21 October — 10 December was a Swedish chemist, engineer, innovator, and armaments manufacturer. He was the inventor of dynamite. Nobel held different patents, dynamite being the most famous. His fortune was used posthumously to institute the Nobel Prizes.
Justin Randall Timberlake born January 31, is an American singer-songwriter, dancer, businessman, and actor.
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Suzanna Arundhati Roy born 24 November is an Indian author and political activist who is best known for the Man Booker Prize for Fiction-winning novel The God of Small Things and for her involvement in human rights and environmental causes. Terence "Terry" Chi-Shen Tao FAA FRS born 17 July , Adelaide , is an Australian mathematician working in harmonic analysis, partial differential equations, additive combinatorics, ergodic Ramsey theory, random matrix theory, and analytic number theory.
He currently holds the James and Carol Collins chair in mathematics at the University of California, Los Angeles where he became the youngest ever promoted to full professor at the age of 24 years. Shamai Kedem Leibowitz , also known as Samuel Shamai Leibowitz , is an American lawyer and blogger who was convicted of leaking classified information to a blogger.
Amy Goodman born April 13, is an American broadcast journalist, syndicated columnist, investigative reporter and author. Goodman's investigative journalism career includes coverage of the East Timor independence movement and Chevron Corporation's role in Nigeria. Glenn Edward Greenwald born March 6, is an American lawyer, journalist and author. He was a columnist for Salon. Thomas Tamm born is a former attorney in the United States Department of Justice Office of Intelligence Policy and Review during the period in when senior Justice officials fought against the widening scope of warrantless NSA surveillance that consisted of eavesdropping on U.
Hawk is well known for completing the first documented and for his licensed video game titles, distributed by Activision. During the Cuban Missile Crisis, he prevented the launch of a nuclear torpedo and therefore prevented a possible nuclear war. Isaac Asimov born Isaak Yudovich Ozimov ; circa January 2, — April 6, was an American author and professor of biochemistry at Boston University, best known for his works of science fiction and for his popular science books.
Asimov was one of the most prolific writers of all time, having written or edited more than books and an estimated 90, letters and postcards. Asimov's most famous work is the Foundation Series; his other major series are the Galactic Empire series and the Robot series. Asimov considered himself a feminist even before Women's Liberation became a widespread movement. Kennedy, and First Lady of the United States during his presidency from until his assassination in Five years later she married Greek shipping magnate Aristotle Onassis; they remained married until his death in For the final two decades of her life, Jacqueline Kennedy Onassis had a career as a book editor.
Alan Bartlett "Al" Shepard, Jr. This Mercury flight was designed to enter space, but not to achieve orbit.