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The first complex is on the search for the national identity factor and the way national identifications appeared as an essential grounding for the new Kunstgeschichte. It begins with the new trends to create comprehensiveness, coupled with the crusade for accuracy, with or without illustrations. The issue of pictorial works in art history will be touched on in the second part of this report. A continuing question was whether to choose a division according to time or to types of art. We shall return to Burckhardt in the section on Prange.

One might also classify it as using the history of ideas approach in which the occasional socio-political statement plays only a very subordinate role. Only a crude summary can be supplied in this report. Prange prefaces the history of nineteenth century art history with a section of almost equal length on the philosophy of art since the Renaissance, from Alberti onwards, leading, via Leibniz and Winckelmann, to the full formulation of a philosophical aesthetics in the work of Baumgarten and Kant and then of Schelling and Hegel in the early nineteenth century.

Of particular importance was the former who had so far hardly been mentioned in the histories of art history. Schelling expanded the cognitive and judgmental issues presented in Kant into the sphere of production, thus returning to elements of the older philosophies of art. Schelling always viewed aesthetics as both a specialised field of inquiry and as a comprehensive and culturally accessible form of philosophical meta-theory Jahrhundert, Vortrag …, publ. It was through this way of appreciating art that the sense of loss of the mythical past could be bridged.

Works of art are to be understood according to the laws of the eternal works of nature.

Full text of "Deutsch-amerikanische geschichtsblätter"

Art makes the absolute real. One has to get away from all shallow connoisseurship. Schelling, according to 37 Wilhelm Heinrich Wackenroder, Herzensergiessungen eines kunstliebenden Klostebruders, first publ. As Prange emphasises, Schelling here adopted a historical perspective, namely that of antiquity followed by the equally valuable art of the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries. At the same time there were lively discussions as to what forms a specific art for the present in Germany should take. Schelling now takes a distinct historical and geographical turn, towards the German fatherland of the sixteenth century.

Once again comes the praise of the universally appreciated work of Classical Greek sculpture.

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For Christian art the dominant art form is now painting. Here religious content dominates over form. A stronger opposition was now postulated between Klassik and Romantik. The last period for which Hegel had something positive to say was seventeenth century Dutch painting. The ideal of art was understood by Hegel both as a norm and as belonging to a certain historical phase, or step, of the development of mankind.

However, this did not mean that the fine arts should be devalued as such. In this phase art has its highest ranking. This religion of art is followed by the religion of the spirit, Christianity. The medium of truth is no longer its sensuous perception but its imagination [Vorstellung], so that art loses its absolute importance. Christian devotion no longer addressed itself to art as such, Hegel concludes, but to the heartfelt feeling [innig empfundnenen] for contents which has been called in by the imagination [Vorstellung].

In the immediate aftermath of this step, however, the perceptions of the two philosophers diverged. Hegel applied vague criticisms, such as maintaining that genre painting of his own time, compared with seventeenth century Dutch painting, was lacking depth; and he chose not to take note of other producers at all. Aesthetic experience thus began to take the place of religion, art and Bildung [upbringing in the sense of acquiring cultural knowledge] were elevated to exemplary cultural bourgeois values. Nicht mehr die sinnliche Anschauung, sondern die Vortsellung ist Medium der Wahrheit, so dass die Kunst ihre absolute Bedeutung verliert.

Die Philophie schliesslich steigert diese Innerlcihkeit des Wissens noch weiter zur Form des freien Denkens, das die Wahrheit der Kunst auf der Eebeneder Idee vereinigt und versachlicht. Prange , Against the background of the decline of the old metaphysics, where art was losing its living function in religious cults, these two philosophers opened up two avenues into the modern discussion of art, at opposites to each other, which until this day mark its decisive impulses.

Hegel, by contrast, says goodbye to the idea that the mythical age could be restored through art. His system of the past [Vergangenheitslehre] historicises art. Art is, according to his philosophy of history, only one phase in the development of the human spirit and is to be superseded by the higher-level philosophical understanding [Begriff]. Hegel and Schelling probably come neck and neck, but the winner is clearly the latter. In the following pages Prange sets out in her clear and concise way, in chronological succession, the course of German-language art history over the next one hundred years, contributing substantial insights to the incredibly varied work of each of the writers.

Deliberations about beauty and the ideal are 72 Prange German version in Appendix. However, the notion of art [Kunstbegriff] of philosophical aesthetics was linked to these empirical procedures. Without this Kunstbegriff and its normative implications art history as a wissenschaftliche discipline could not have constituted itself. One must see it as a result on the massive stress of the first component, the Kunstbegriff, that the second component, scientificness, both with regards to the source-critical methods and the connoisseurship, which together are headed under empiricism, receives much less attention.

Key terms at the outset are historicism [Historismus] and Romanticism. One may cite the well-known contention that we always bring our own preconceptions to bear on what we say about the past, or, as Prange asks, is it at all possible to completely remove the gap between past and present? Here, too, she stresses the presence of the idea of an autonomous art. Only a few artists could enjoy such a position, to express themselves in their subjectivity to such a degree, to be so purely objective, as J.

Prange, With Franz Kugler and his long books, entitled Handbuch, one arrives finally at the real, the pronounced attempts to be strictly objective. Prange stresses that for Schnaase the principal carrier of the idea of art was the Volksgeist, and the history of art and its categories is an array of the diverse kinds of Volksgeist.

The individual work of art, or the individual artistic personality is now fore grounded and a new aim was the tracing of the details of the genesis of a work. However, this is not, as with Prange, seen to be just hiding common philosophical theorems, but is now being placed within an epistemology, to be precise, within the epistemology of uncertainty.

She then greatly elaborates on the problems of history writing, the issues of objectivity and subjectivity, to which Part II of this report will briefly return. Burckhardt neu editiert. Burckhardt, Werke, Basel:Schwabe vol. Dichtkunst poetry. Returning to Prange after this long digression — though it was hardly an un- topical one - the stress on the high-profile persona brings one to the next group, again to Anton Springer, then to Herman Grimm and Carl Justi.

In the early s the Holbein-Streit, the dispute about a Madonna by Hans Holbein appeared as a turning point towards the new scientific art history. A choice had to be made between the version in Darmstadt and the version in Dresden. Now the promoters of advanced observation, meaning those who practised the more exacting kind of observation of details, won over those who were still in awe of a general Classical smoothness, which they saw in the Dresden version; the others however denounced that version as a seventeenth century copy and pleaded for the Darmstadt version which looks a little harsher.

Soon the attention to detail took a new turn in the work of Morelli. Did his way of telling artists apart by examining the way they painted differently small details, such as ears and hands, constitute an empirical- scientific method par excellence? Morelli even more effectively realised the concepts of Rumohr or Waagen, in the way he mediated the premise of an unconscious drive for art with the idea that the manifestations of this drive can be deciphered with precision in each case, like an individual artistic grammar.

An incisive review by Henrik Karge mixes general praise with strong reservations in detail. In the afterword of his new edition he briefly refers to Prange, though he remains ambivalent. The large number of his pupils made up much of the next generation of art historians. Art history had now become a science conducted in its proper departments in the universities, led by bona-fide specialist in their fields. Decisions concerning the definitive treatment of thyroid autonomy should take into account previous episodes of hyperthyroidism, objective parameters of risk stratification in euthyroid patients as well as concomitant diseases and the probability of iodine exposure in the future.

In Central Europe the majority of investigators prefer to estimate the therapeutic activity individually by a radioiodine test. TCTUs global 99m-Tc-pertechnetate thyroid uptake under suppression - based dose concepts have been proven to be highly effective in the elimination of autonomy and carry a low Modeling near-road air quality using a computational fluid dynamics model, CFD-VIT- RIT.

It is well recognized that dilution is an important mechanism governing the near-road air pollutant concentrations. In this paper, we aim to advance our understanding of turbulent mixing mechanisms on and near roadways using computation fluid dynamics. Turbulent mixing mechanisms can be classified into three categories according to their origins: vehicle-induced turbulence VIT , road-induced turbulence RIT , and atmospheric boundary layer turbulence.

RIT includes the turbulence generated by road embankment, road surface thermal effects, and roadside structures. We demonstrate that the incorporation of VIT and RIT considerably improves the modeling predictions, especially on vertical gradients and seasonal variations of carbon monoxide. Our study implies that roadway design can significantly influence the near-road air pollution.

Thus we recommend that mitigating near-road air pollution through roadway designs be considered in the air quality and transportation management In addition, thanks to the rigorous representation of turbulent mixing mechanisms, CFD-VIT- RIT can become valuable tools in the roadway designs process. Endovascular interventions for multiple trauma; Endovaskulaere Interventionen beim Polytrauma. Kinstner, C. Speziell beim Polytrauma wird die Planung dieser Eingriffe wann immer moeglich nach einem praeinterventionellen Multidetektor-CT durchgefuehrt.

Der Einsatz der endovaskulaeren Intervention ermoeglicht neben einer Verringerung des operativen Traumas auch eine wesentliche Verkuerzung der Behandlungszeit. Beim vaskulaeren Trauma am Stamm oder an den Extremitaeten, wo ein operativer Zugang nur unter erhoehtem Risiko durchfuehrbar erscheint, aber auch beim pelvinen Trauma und bei arteriellen Verletzungen parenchymatoeser Organe, die nicht gaenzlich geopfert werden sollen, sowie in anderen schwer zugaenglichen Regionen wie der oberen Thoraxapertur, ist die interventionelle Versorgung mittlerweile Standardmethode geworden.

Heute kann die interventionelle Radiologie in praktisch allen vaskulaeren Territorien in einem interdisziplinaeren Zugang neben der offenen chirurgischen Versorgung dazu beitragen, eine schnellere Stabilisierung der Situation herbeizufuehren. Automatized target devices for radioisotope production at the RITs cyclotron. An automation target device intended for isotope production on the internal beam of the RITs cyclotron is decribed. The target device comprises the following main units: target head, vacuum lock, charging device, transport system for bringing the target for charging; mechanism of target discharge transport device, control interlocking and signalling control system of target radiation power.

The automation target device permits radioisotope production on the cyclotron in commercial scales with automation substitution of irradiated targets. The time of substitution of one of six targets makes up only 5 min. The time of charging a new group of targets to the charge device - 60 min. Contact of the personnel with irradiated targets is practically excluded and the necessity of entering the cyclotron room for maintenance of the plant is reduced to the minimum [ru.

In the last decade, imaging polarimeters based on micropolarizer arrays have been developed for use in terrestrial remote sensing and metrology applications. Micropolarizer-based sensors are dramatically smaller and more mechanically robust than other polarimeters with similar spectral response and snapshot capability. To determine the suitability of these new polarimeters for astronomical applications, we developed the RIT Polarization Imaging Camera to investigate the performance of these devices, with a special attention to the low signal-to-noise regime.

We characterized the device performance in the lab, by determining the relative throughput, efficiency, and orientation of every pixel, as a function of wavelength. Using the resulting pixel response model, we developed demodulation procedures for aperture photometry and imaging polarimetry observing modes. The relative ease of data collection, calibration, and analysis provided by these sensors suggest than they may become an important tool for a number of astronomical targets. Mutations in RIT 1 cause Noonan syndrome - additional functional evidence and expanding the clinical phenotype.

Recently, mutations in RIT 1 were identified as a novel cause for Noonan syndrome. Here we provide additional functional evidence for a causal role of RIT 1 mutations and expand the associated phenotypic spectrum. We identified two de novo missense variants p.

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Met90Ile and p. Both variants resulted in increased MEK-ERK signaling compared to wild-type, underscoring gain-of-function as the primary functional mechanism. Introduction of p. Ala57Gly into zebrafish embryos reproduced not only aspects of the human phenotype but also revealed abnormalities of eye development, emphasizing the importance of RIT 1 for spatial and temporal organization of the growing organism. In addition, we observed severe lymphedema of the lower extremity and genitalia in one patient.

The mutant RIT 1 protein may possess reduced GTPase activity or a diminished ability to interact with cellular GTPase activating proteins; however the precise mechanism remains unknown. The phenotypic spectrum is likely to expand and includes lymphedema of the lower extremities in addition to nuchal hygroma. Shane, R. It has a vertical drift length of 50 cm, parallel to the magnetic field.

Gas multiplication is achieved through the use of a multi-wire anode plane. Image charges, produced in the pads, are read out with the recently developed Generic Electronics for TPCs.

Hermann Graßmann

Two cases of RIT 1 associated Noonan syndrome: Further delineation of the clinical phenotype and review of the literature. We present two patients with Noonan syndrome caused by a RIT 1 mutation with novel phenotypic manifestations, severe bilateral lower limb lymphedema starting during puberty, and fetal. We present two patients with Noonan syndrome caused by a RIT 1 mutation with novel phenotypic manifestations, severe bilateral lower limb lymphedema starting during puberty, and fetal hydrops resulting in intrauterine fetal death, respectively.

Including our patients, a total of 52 patients have been reported with Noonan syndrome caused by a RIT 1 mutation. Our report contributes to the delineation of the phenotype associated with RIT 1 mutations and underlines that lymphatic involvement is part of this spectrum. In addition, we provide an overview of the currently described Noonan syndrome patients with RIT 1 mutations in literature. Use of recombinant, human TSH radioiodine therapy in patients with differentiated thyroid carcinoma; Radioiodtherapie des differenzierten Schilddruesenkarzinoms nach Vorbehandlung mit rekombinantem, humanem TSH.

Indications for rhTSH use in these patients included inability to tolerate withdrawal of thyroid hormones due to poor physical condition or inability to achieve sufficient serum TSH levels after THST withdrawal. In 7 cases 5 patients , post-therapy Tg levels assessed at a mean of 4. In an additional 3 patients, whole body scans performed at follow-up indicated decreased or stabilized tumor burden compared to pre-therapy scans or marked clinical improvement was found.

Three patients died of progressive disease within 2 months of therapy before follow-up assessments occurred. No adverse events were reported among the 8 surviving patients. The results suggest that rhTSH offers a promising alternative to THST withdrawal to allow radioablative therapy under maximal TSH stimulation in patients with advanced recurrent DTC who would not otherwise be able to receive this treatment.

This therapeutic indication extends the clinical potential of the new agent, already demonstrated to be effective for use with I for diagnostic purposes. However in some patients suffering from highly aggressive tumors the poor prognosis will not be improved. Die ueberwiegende Mehrzahl der Patienten wurde wegen einer fortgeschrittenen Tumorerkrankung mit dem Risiko einer lebensbedrohlichen Verschlechterung in.

Provides an overview of a project at RIT Rochester Institute of Technology that experimented with wireless technology, including laptop computers that circulate within the library building. Discusses project requirements, including ease of use, low maintenance, and low cost; motivation, including mobility; implementation; and benefits to the…. Des Weiteren konnten mithilfe von anatomischen Magnetic insulation, power flow, and pulse power results on RITS Johnson, David L. Previous publications have reported on tests of a single pulse forming line and adder cell, including initial results of the effects of various degrees of non-uniform injection of current into the adder bore on magnetic insulation and power flow in the downstream MITL.

Now RITS -3 has been constructed, consisting of three pfls driven by a common intermediate store; three induction cells, one driven by each pfl; a three-stage, 4-MV, kA vacuum voltage adder; and an output MITL and diode. Here we report on 1 simulations of the three-stage adder using the MRC 3-D particle-in-cell code LSP that address the effects of injected current non-uniformities on magnetic insulation and power-flow both upstream and downstream in a multi-cell adder; 2 experimental results compared with simulations; and 3 initial performance of the RITS -3 pulse power.

Das ist das Ergebnis vieler Analysen und Entwicklungen der letzten Zeit. So stellte etwa die KPMG-Studie heraus, dass es beim E-Learning nicht nur auf gute Technologie ankommt, sondern die betriebliche Lernkultur und der Lerner wesentlich mehr als bisher einzubeziehen sind. Mutations in RIT 1 cause Noonan syndrome with possible juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia but are not involved in acute lymphoblastic leukemia. We report a series of 44 patients from 30 pedigrees including nine multiplex families with mutations in RIT 1. These patients display a typical Noonan gestalt and facial phenotype.

Among the probands, 8. None had major skin anomalies. One child died perinatally of juvenile myelomonocytic leukemia. Compared with the canonical Noonan phenotype linked to PTPN11 mutations, patients with RIT 1 mutations appear to be less severely growth retarded and more frequently affected by cardiomyopathy. Because mutations found constitutionally in Noonan syndrome are also found in several tumors in adulthood, we evaluated the potential contribution of RIT 1 to leukemogenesis in Noonan syndrome.

Hopp, hopp, hopp im Schweinsgalopp? Dazu wird vom Wildschwein ausgehend das Normalverhalten betrac Sloboda und Alf Gabrielsson. Lasko, P. Its construction allows operating in magnetic field and providing fast response for ionizing particles, giving an approximate forward multiplicity and charge information. Depending on this information, trigger and veto signals are generated. The article presents performance of the detector and details of its construction. A simple phenomenological parametrization of the number of emitted scintillation photons in plastic scintillator is proposed.

The effect of the light output deterioration in the plastic scintillator due to the in-beam irradiation is discussed. Handlungsmuster von Lehrerinnen und Lehrern beim Einsatz neuer Medien. Grundlagen eines Projekts zur empirischen Unterrichtsforschung. The effects of heart failure HF severity on risk of inappropriate implantable cardioverter-defibrillator ICD therapy have not been thoroughly investigated. Status and plans for the next generation magnetically immersed diodes on RITS. Sandia National Laboratories is investigating and developing high-dose, high-brightness flash radiographic sources.

We are in the process of designing; fabricating and conducting engineering tests on the next-generation magnetically immersed electron diodes. These diodes employ unique, large-bore mm , high-field T , cryogenically-cooled solenoid magnets to help produce an intense electron beam from a needle-like cathode 'immersed' in the strong Bz field of the magnet. The diode designs and status of the engineering development are described.

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Fully three-dimensional particle in cell LSP code simulations are used to investigate relevant physics issues and the expected radiographic performance spot size and dose of this system. Preliminary results from these simulations are described. Expanding the cardiac spectrum of Noonan syndrome with RIT 1 variant: Left main coronary artery atresia causing sudden death.

Noonan syndrome is a well-known genetic condition associating congenital heart defects, short stature, and distinctive facial features. Pulmonary valve stenosis and hypertrophic cardiomyopathy are the most frequent cardiac abnormalities, the latter being associated with a higher mortality. Here we report for the first time, a case of congenital left main coronary artery atresia in a Noonan syndrome associated with RIT 1 variant, leading to unrescued sudden death. This case-report supports the already-suspected severity of the RIT 1-related Noonan syndrome compared to average Noonan syndrome, and should encourage clinicians to be very cautious with these patients.

All rights reserved. And also the place and the meaning of ceremony in mythology andfinally with the reference of the stated knowledges the political rituals inTurkey are mentioned in this study. Krug, D. The term cancer of unknown primary CUP encompasses a group of entities which differ to a great extent regarding etiology, prognosis and therapeutic management. The aim of the study was an elaboration of the role of radiotherapy in CUP syndrome. Systematic literature search and specification of the available treatment options. Radiotherapy is an integral part of interdisciplinary management approaches for patients with CUP in both curative and palliative situations.

Radio-oncological techniques, such as intensity-modulated radiotherapy and stereotactic body radiotherapy increase the therapeutic window. Modern diagnostic modalities from radiology and nuclear medicine are the cornerstone of radiotherapeutic interventions, especially in terms of target volume definition and pretherapeutic staging.

In the interdisciplinary setting radiation oncology offers the possibility of curative and often organ preserving approaches in patients with axillary and cervical CUP. In addition, improvement and preservation of quality of life can be achieved in patients with metastatic disease. Radiation oncology is a crucial component of the interdisciplinary management of patients with CUP.

Therapeutic decisions in patients with CUP should be made in an interdisciplinary setting. Systematische Literaturrecherche und Erlaeuterung der Behandlungsoptionen. Die Strahlentherapie ist beim CUP-Syndrom sowohl in adjuvanten und definitiven Therapiekonzepten wie auch in palliativer Intention etabliert.

Technisch innovative Verfahren wie die intensitaetsmodulierte Radiotherapie und die stereotaktische Bestrahlung im Koerperstammbereich ermoeglichen eine Vergroesserung der therapeutischen Breite. Eine leistungsfaehige und moderne. RAS GTPases mediate a wide variety of cellular functions, including cell proliferation, survival, and differentiation.

Clinical manifestations in the RIT 1-mutation-positive individuals are consistent with those of Noonan syndrome, which is characterized by distinctive facial features, short stature, and congenital heart defects. The introduction of mRNAs of mutant RIT 1 into 1-cell-stage zebrafish embryos was found to result in a significant increase of embryos with craniofacial abnormalities, incomplete looping, a hypoplastic chamber in the heart, and an elongated yolk sac. These results demonstrate that gain-of-function mutations in RIT 1 cause Noonan syndrome and show a similar biological effect to mutations in other RASopathy-related genes.

Published by Elsevier Inc. This diode is a foil-less electron-beam diode with a long, thin, needle-like cathode inserted into the bore of a solenoid. The solenoidal magnetic field guides the electron beam emitted from the cathode to the anode while maintaining a small beam radius. The electron beam strikes a thin, high-atomic-number anode and produces bremsstrahlung. Diode operating characteristics are presented and two broadly characterized operating regimes are identified: a nominal operating regime where the total diode current is characterized as classically bipolar and an anomalous impedance collapse regime where the total diode current is in excess of the bipolar limit and up to the full accelerator current.

This report represents a compilation of data taken on RITS Results from key parameter variations are presented in the main body of the report and include cathode diameter, anode-cathode gap, and anode material. Results from supporting parameter variations are presented in the appendices and include magnetic field strength, prepulse, pressure and accelerator variations.

First results of the radiological surveillance of RIT trial for high grade astrocytomas in Cuba. Amador Balbona, Z. Radiation Protection Dept. This monoclonal antibody was obtained in the country and it is required to evaluate its toxicity, biodistribution and internal radiation dosimetry. Five groups of three patients of each one with an administered activity from 0. The aim of this work is to assess workers doses and public doses for this research and to compare projected doses with the first results related to the radiological surveillance.

The contribution to the total effective dose and equivalent dose in extremities are calculated with the code Microshield version 4. It is demonstrated that individual doses are acceptable and lower than world average effective annual dose of natural radiation background 2. Nevertheless, it is identified that nurses are the most exposed. The projected maximum equivalent dose to hands is about 4 mSv and it belongs to the neurosurgeon.

Radiological surveillance is performed to verify our calculations. For the first seven patients results are obtained. The conservative assumptions in the dose assessment and the compliance with established safety procedures determine that the registered doses are lower than those were projected. RIT with Re for high-grade astrocytomas is a safety practice from radiation protection point of view. There is not a reference of a similar study in Latin America. The immersed-B z diode is being developed as a high-brightness, flash x-ray radiography source.

The first phase of the clinical trial using the humanized monoclonal antibody h-R3 labeled with Re, for radioimmunotherapy RIT of brain tumors began in the Republic of Cuba in We take into account radioactive decay of Re and consider that only a person made all of the operations during this study. To investigate the improved clearance effect of avidin Av and streptavidin-gal SA - gal for blood radiolabeled biotinylated antibody in pre-targeting radio-immuno therapy RIT of colon carcinoma xenograft models.

Biotinylated antibody radiolabeled with I was injected into the nude mice bearing the colon carcinoma via the tail vein. Animals were killed for biodistribution study at 30h after I-labelled biotinylated antibody administration. Results showed that Av and SA-gal took the effect of chase very fast. At 6h after injection, the blood level of radioactivity decreased very fast. The chase effect of SA-gal was superior to that of avidin. Privatiserung von Geschichte. Probleme einer differenzierten Aufarbeitung.

Dort seien dann in erster Linie die weiblichen Familienmitglieder mit der Versorgungs- und Pflegearbeit konfrontiert worden. Cette phrase est trop souvent vraie pour ne pas se changer un jour en proverbe. Modern imaging technology for childhood urinary tract infection; Moderne Bildgebung beim Harnweginfekt im Kindesalter. Riccabona, M.

Abteilung Kinderradiologie. Imaging in childhood urinary tract infection UTI is still a matter of debate. There are established guidelines, however new knowledge and the changed medical environment have enhanced this ongoing discussion. These new insights have impacted therapy and consequently the imaging algorithm. Modern imaging methods - particularly MRI and modern ultrasound US - are less invasive with a lower radiation burden. Additionally, it has been shown that VUR is a poor predictor for renal scarring out, which affects long-term results.

Furthermore, the majority of UT malformations is depicted by prenatal US. The most crucial aspect of improving long-term outcome appears to be the early and reliable depiction of UTI and effective treatment to prevent renal scarring. This review tries to present this new knowledge and to discuss the potential of modern imaging. Recent changes in imaging algorithms are highlighted and an outcome-oriented algorithm that addresses these recent developments is proposed, without lightly abandoning established standards.

It consists of an orienting US and - for depiction of renal involvement - amplitude coded color Doppler sonography or renal static scintigraphy considered the gold standard, particularly for evaluating scars ; in future MRI may play a role. Based on this concept, only patients with renal damage as well as patients with complex urinary tract malformations or intractable recurrent UTI may have to undergo VCUG. Zwar existieren etablierte Bildgebungsalgorithmen, insbesondere fuer das Kleinkindesalter; neue Erkenntnisse bzw.

Aufgabenstellungen haben aber zu einer Aenderung des Therapiekonzepts mit Auswirkungen auf die Bildgebung gefuehrt. Zusaetzlich haben technische Weiter Entwicklungen das Potenzial der Bildgebung erweitert; v. MRT und moderne Ultraschallverfahren versprechen eine weniger invasive und strahlenfreie. Die Zeit zwischen jedem Implantat betrug jeweils 14 Tage.

Nach der Brachytherapie folgte die externe Radiotherapie bis 39,6 Gy oder 45,0 Gy. Ergebnisse: Die mediane Nachbeobachtungszeit war 2,6 Jahre range: 2,0—4,1 Jahre. Peilaan tutkimustietoani kyseiseen proj Methods: Mice were inoculated i. After 3 weeks, they received PRIT 1. Concurrently, 10 additional animals were sacrificed and examined to determine disease Community Arctio-Artemisetum vulgaris Tx. Magnetic resonance imaging of complex congenital heart disease in aduits; Magnetresonanztomographie komplexer kongenitaler Herzerkrankungen beim Erwachsenen.

Bremerich, J. An increasing number of patients with complex congenital heart disease reaches adulthood, because treatment and patient outcome have improved considerably in recent years. Monitoring of these patients requires both definition of cardiac anatomy and assessment of function with good reproducibility. Complications after surgical repair such as restenoses of pulmonary arteries after surgical repair of Tetralogy of Fallot, ventricular hypertrophy, stenoses or leakage of baffles, or stenosis and aneurysms of anastomoses have to be detected at an early stage.

Magnetic Resonance Imaging MRI is an excellent tool to monitor these patients because of its noninvasive nature, its good interstudy and interobserver reproducibility, and because it allows assessment of both cardiac anatomy and function. This paper reviews the current applications of MRI in complex congenital heart disease in adults. Diese Patienten benoetigen regelmaessige postoperative Verlaufskontrollen, um Komplikationen wie z. Restenosen der grossen Arterien, Stenosen, Lecks und Aneurysmata von Anastomosen, Ventrikelhypertrophie und -dilatation oder Klappendysfunktionen fruehzeitig zu erkennen und zu behandeln.

Fuer nichtinvasive regelmaessige Verlaufskontrollen bietet sich die Magnetresonanztomographie MRT des Herzens an, da sie eine umfassende Untersuchung sowohl der Morphologie als auch der Funktion des Herzens mit guter Reproduzierbarkeit erlaubt. Die gegenwaertigen klinischen Anwendungen der MRT bei komplexen kongenitalen Herzerkrankungen beim Erwachsenen werden in dieser Uebersicht beschrieben. Hilfe oder Hindernis? Foreign language education in Finland is currently undergoing a period of change, as the introduction of new curricula in will lead to a central role of multilingualism in teaching.

This article examines whether and how Finnish university students, who themselves were influenced by a more monolingual learning tradition, consider their multilingual repertoire as a resource for learning other foreign languages. For this purpose, a survey was conducted among teacher students of English and Swedish, who would like to study German as a minor. The analysis shows that while the majority of students have positive attitudes towards multilingualism, there is a need for development in terms of language awareness, multilingual skills, and attitudes towards language mixes.

Full Text Available Eastern part of the Republic of Croatia as a tourist destination is not fully valorized yet, despite its natural values and rich cultural heritage. Its flora and fauna attract people for educational and tourist reasons. Tourism in nature parks has certain limitations due to primary goals which are protection and preservation of nature together with sustainable management of nature resources and ensuring an undisturbed course of natural processes. The aim of this research is to emphasize importance of marketing tools implementation in process of tourist activities development.

Through application of marketing techniques and especially nonprofit marketing, primary goals related to nature protection can be harmonized with development of self-financing through tourism activities. Research was conducted by using case study methodology. Relevant persons for the topic were interviewed and from collected information SWOT analysis was made which may be used for policy suggestions in process of creation adequate tourist products and services together with ensuring quality education for visitors and minimizing visitors influence on natural resources.

Project of revitalization of the special nature reserve Koviljski rit Kovilj wetland. Together with Petrovaradin wetland positioned on the opposite banks of the river Danube, named in Serbian 'Koviljsko-Petrovaradinski rit ' Kovilj-Petrovaradin wetland , this area has been proposed for the registration of wetland areas of international significance according to the Ramsar Convention.

The Kovilj-Petrovaradin wetland is being registered as the Natural treasure of special significance and is being classified into I category of protection as the Special Nature Reserve. The protection and conservation of this wetland area is in agreement with Action Plan of protection of rivers and accompanied wetlands in the frame of Paneuropean Strategy for the protection of biological and landscape diversity, accepted at the Strasburg Conference Being of such importance, this project should contribute to the raising of awareness of this special wetland value as well as to the importance of protection, conservation and improvement of this kind of ecosystems in general.

Also, the objectives and results should contribute to the achieving of the wise use of this special wetland and of natural resources as a whole. A novel heterozygous RIT 1 mutation in a patient with Noonan syndrome, leukopenia, and transient myeloproliferation-a review of the literature. Noonan syndrome NS is a genetic condition presenting with typical facies, cardiac defects, short stature, variable developmental deficit, cryptorchidism, skeletal, and other abnormalities. Recently, missense mutations in RIT 1 have been reported as causative for individuals with clinical signs of NS.

We report on a 2. The patient was born prematurely from pregnancy monitored for polyhydramnios. At 7 months of age, non-immune neutropenia and splenomegaly have been observed. Bone marrow evaluation showed myeloid hyperplasia and monocytosis, suggestive of myeloproliferative syndrome. Clinical phenotype facial dysmorphism, soft hair, short neck, broad chest, widely spaced nipples, mild pectus carinatum, deep palmar creases, unilateral cryptorchidism , and moderate pulmonary valve stenosis with mild psychomotor delay were indicative of NS. DNA analysis identified a de novo heterozygous variant c.

Lys23Asn in exon 2 of the RIT 1 gene, presumed to be causative. We present a patient with a clinical suspicion of NS carrying a novel substitution in RIT 1 and hematologic findings not being observed in RIT 1 positive patients to date. Ovarian peritoneal carcinomatosis is a pathology for which effective cures are currently lacking. New research protocols seek to eradicate residual micrometastases following cytoreductive surgery by using hyperthermic intraperitoneal chemotherapy HIPEC or radioimmunotherapy RIT.

A murine model of postoperative ovarian peritoneal carcinomatosis was established. A pilot group of six mice received an intraperitoneal injection of luciferase-tagged SHIN-3 cells and bioluminescence was measured every day. Eleven mice received no treatment. Bioluminescence imaging and survival were assessed. Alpha- RIT 7. A state-of-the-art review of built environment information modelling BeIM. Full Text Available Elements that constitute the built environment are vast and so are the independent systems developed to model its various aspects.

Many of these systems have been developed under various assumptions and approaches to execute functions that are distinct, complementary or sometimes similar.

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Furthermore, these systems are ever increasing in number and often assume similar nomenclatures and acronyms, thereby exacerbating the challenges of understanding their peculiar functions, definitions and differences. The contemporary object-oriented digitization of real-world elements appears to provide a leeway for amalgamating the modelling systems of various domains in the built environment which we termed as built environment information modelling BeIM. These domains include architecture, engineering, construction as well as urban planning and design. Applications such as building information modelling, geographic information systems and 3D city modelling systems are now being integrated for city modelling purposes.

The review outcome suggests that good knowledge of these domains and how their respective systems operate is vital to pursuing holistic systems integration in the built environment. Experimental investigations of tyre-road interactions during braking; Experimentelle Untersuchungen zur Interaktion zwischen Pkw-Reifen und Fahrbahn beim Bremsen.

Tyre-road interactions during braking were investigated experimentally. The measurements were found to be highly accurate. In the first stage, the braking force is enhanced by elastic deformation of the profile elements at the onset of tyre contact. In case of high slip or a high sliding velocity, frictional vibration of the tyre section in contact with the road may occur, which is enhanced by the reduction of braking pressure in case of automatic brake control. The eigenfreequency of the frictional vibration also depends on the road texture and friction coefficient.

The measured movements of the profile elements provide a good explanation of the causes of tyre noise. Die Messungen zeigen, dass die mit dem neuen Reifensensor erfassten Profilelementverformungen den Reibungszustand zwischen Reifen und Fahrbahn gut widerspiegeln. Die Bremskraft wird zunaechst durch die elastischen Verformungen der Profilelemente am Anfang des Reifenlatsches wesentlich aufgebaut. Beim hohen Bremsschlupf bzw. Die Eigenfrequenz der Reibungsschwingung ist auch abhaengig von der Fahrbahntextur und dem Reibwert. Die aus den Signalen des Profilrillensensors berechneten Beschleunigungen der Profilelemente zeigen deutlich den Aufschlag beim Einlauf des Reifens und das Ausschnappen beim Auslauf.

Durch die gemessenen Bewegungen der Profilelemente laesst sich die Entstehung des Reifengeraeusches in einigen Frequenzbereichen gut erklaeren. The existing control system for the RITS -6, a MA 3-MV pulsed-power accelerator located at Sandia National Laboratories, was built as a system of analog switches because the operators needed to be close enough to the machine to hear pulsed-power breakdowns, yet the electromagnetic pulse EMP emitted would disable any processor-based solutions.

The resulting system requires operators to activate and deactivate a series of V relays manually in a complex order. The machine is sensitive to both the order of operation and the time taken between steps. A mistake in either case would cause a misfire and possible machine damage. Based on these constraints, a field-programmable gate array FPGA was chosen as the core of a proposed upgrade to the control system. An FPGA is a series of logic elements connected during programming. Based on their connections, the elements can mimic primitive logic elements, a process called synthesis.

The circuit is static; all paths exist simultaneously and do not depend on a processor. This should make it less sensitive to EMP. By shielding it and using good electromagnetic interference-reduction practices, it should continue to operate well in the electrically noisy environment. The FPGA has two advantages over the existing system. In manual operation mode, the synthesized logic gates keep the operators in sequence.

In addition, a clock signal and synthesized countdown circuit provides an automated sequence, with adjustable delays, for quickly executing the time-critical portions of charging and firing. The FPGA is modeled as a set of states, each state being a unique set of values for the output signals. The state is determined by the input signals, and in the automated segment by the value of the synthesized countdown timer, with the default mode placing the system in a safe configuration.

Unlike a processor-based system, any system stimulus that results in an abort situation immediately executes a shutdown, with only a tens. Diagnostic radiology on multiple injured patients: interdisciplinary management; Radiologische Diagnostik beim Polytrauma: interdisziplinaeres Management.

Linsenmaier, U. Muenchen Germany ; Kanz, K. Muenchen, Germany. Maarten Delbeke ETH , prof. Jan Vandersmissen UGent. Workshop mit Exkursionen, Dresden, November - 8. Dezember Reiseseminar, Juni-Juli Bewerbungsschluss: Mai The Dresden Kupferstich-Kabinett Museum of Prints, Drawings and Photographs of the Staatliche Kunstsammlungen Dresden invites applications for a program dedicated to drawings connoisseurship and curatorial practice, with a main focus on Italian drawings of the sixteenth century.

Part one will begin with a two-day international workshop to be held in the Dresden Kupferstich-Kabinett from November 30 to December 1, , bringing together curators and academics to discuss connoisseurial questions such as attribution. It will also address more general challenges in researching drawings, particularly those of large and complex museums with a long history like the Dresden Kupferstich-Kabinett, founded in Whilst the seminar will focus on Italian sixteenth century drawings, it will also provide insight into the specific strengths of each collection.

The group will be joined by curators from the visited institutions. This program is tailored to early and mid-career curators in the field of Old Master drawings and less than eight years of full-time museum work experience, particularly colleagues who work in "departments of one" where they may not have many opportunities for collection study with other specialists. Advanced graduate students pursuing a doctoral thesis in which Italian sixteenth century drawings play a critical role are also encouraged to apply. The goal of the program is to provide an opportunity for the intensive study of Old Master drawings in the original.

By discussing the works with peers and senior experts, it allows participants to train their eye, strengthen their expertise in Italian Renaissance drawings, and further develop skills necessary when researching towards collection catalogues, crucial for a career as curator in this field. This includes the study of the physical object as well as the interpretation of archival evidence. The program will also allow the participants to develop their network in the closely knit community of Old Master curators.

The working languages are English and Italian. German reading skills are of advantage. The participants will be asked to prepare two short presentations on selected works. Travel, accommodation and meal expenses will be covered by the program. Applications shall be sent electronically, in a single pdf document, to kk. Participants will be selected and notified by the end of June. Questions about the program may be directed to kk. La prima parte inizia con un workshop internazionale di due giorni al Kupferstich-Kabinett di Dresda, dove specialisti di ambito universitario e museale potranno entrare in dialogo su questioni di connoisseurship e attribuzione.

I curatori delle istituzioni visitate parteciperanno ai lavori. Sono invitati a partecipare anche dottorandi o neo-addottorati la cui tesi affronta problemi di disegno cinquecentesco. Le lingue di lavoro del corso saranno inglese e italiano. La comprensione del tedesco scritto costituisce un vantaggio. Le spese di viaggio, vitto e alloggio saranno coperte dal programma.

Le candidature vanno spedite via mail, in un unico documento PDF, al seguente indirizzo: kk. I partecipanti saranno selezionati e avvisati entro la fine di giugno. Per domande e chiarimenti sul programma si prega di rivolgersi a kk. Travelers from Europe carried images with them around the globe to maintain awareness of their own culture and to share ideas and information with those they encountered.

Returning explorers circulated their discoveries through prints and illustrated books. This phenomenon has been the subject of much study in recent years, but often, researchers focus on specific cultural interactions, such as Jesuit preaching in Mexico or Dutch perceptions of China.

This session marks the beginning of a project to develop an on-line network for researchers concerned with how images contributed to cultural transfer in the early modern world. We hope that sharing of publications and information about specific projects can lead to collaborative research and identification of global patterns of communication and exchange. This session seeks to bring together researchers concerned with the impact of European visual imagery in colonial settlements or other contact zones throughout the world in the early modern period 16thth centuries.

Paper topics might address instances of either visual communication between cultures or the collecting and dissemination of visual imagery to sustain awareness of European culture among settlers. We are especially interested in research using digital humanities methods, but all approaches are welcome. Abstracts of up to words in length, together with a CV, should be sent to: Stephanie Dickey at: dickey.

Deadline: March 27, April Eingabeschluss: Such artefacts raise methodological questions around the use of their content, as well as their design, production, materiality and consumption, in design historical doctoral research. This TECHNE supported PhD training day will consist of discussions on the challenges of working with printed and digital pages with PhD students and academics in design history and related areas in humanities, art and design.

The event will attend to issues such: as the design, production and consumption of pages, including their imagery, typography, materiality and readerships; and how they can be both the medium, and result, of practice-based research. Looking at these objects 'close-up' will offer students the opportunity to discuss strategies for researching the printed page as both object and subject. Organized by: Femke Speelberg, Dept. One of the most revolutionary changes to the field of printmaking over the course of the long sixteenth century was the growing role and influence of the print publisher.

While still a rare, or almost undocumented phenomenon around , by the turn of the following century the print market was largely controlled by individual entrepreneurs and well-established publishing firms. The business of print production necessitated new structures of organization, a division of labor and the creation of sales and marketing techniques that profoundly influenced choices of style, technique, subject matter and formatting, as well as taste and collecting practices.

While neglected in early print scholarship in favor of the artistic contributions of the inventor and or printmaker, in recent years much new information about the role of the publisher has come to light through conferences, exhibitions and publications. Much of this work is by necessity of monographic nature, focusing on individual publishers and their output.

This session seeks to highlight in particular new research that further elucidates the wide-ranging functions performed by the early-modern print publisher, and through a combination of papers expand our comprehension of the local, national and transnational influence of this new profession on the print market.

Please submit an abstract max. Speelberg metmuseum. Papers will be chosen for one or possibly two sessions to be held during the annual meeting of the Sixteenth Century Society in Albuquerque, New Mexico. You will receive notification from the conveners by April 2, Eingabeschluss: April graficadarte. Direttore responsabile: Paolo Bellini Ed.

Contenuti dei possibili contributi: La Rivista invita a presentare contributi relativi alle seguenti aree di ricerca:. Rapporto tra grafica d'arte e scienza: soggetti ispirati alla geologia, ai fenomeni naturali. Dettagli tecnici: I contributi, redatti in lingua italiana, dovranno essere inediti e saranno da inviare, in formato docx oppure in pdf, a info graficadarte. Alla sopra citata mail si dovranno far pervenire cinque files distinti:.

Processo valutativo: Gli esiti della valutazione saranno resi noti entro il 30 ottobre Accademia di Belle Arti di Roma, Juni Eingabeschluss: Dezember Nuove prospettive metodologiche e di esegesi storico-critica. Nella fase attuale, con l'espressione 'libro di disegni', drawing-book in inglese, si tende a indicare a book of original drawings in a bound volume book, codex , consisting of one or more quires gatherings , which are predominantly filled with drawings, irrespective of the age, intention and profession of a draughtsman Gli studiosi sono invitati a far pervenire, entro e non oltre il 9 dicembre , le proposte di intervento - un abstract di max caratteri spazi inclusi in italiano o in inglese - al seguente indirizzo di posta elettronica:.

Tyler School of Art, Temple University, Oktober Eingabeschluss: Juli Over the course of two days, the conference will include a first day of discussions and panels on Saturday, October 21, featuring keynote speakers Susan Dackerman and Christiane Baumgartner; several scholarly panel discussions and talks featuring Anders Bergstrom, Shira Brisman, Phyllis McGibbon, Madeleine Viljoen, and Imin Yeh; and workshop demonstrations.

The second day of the conference, Sunday, October 22, will focus on the work of graduate students, with two sessions organized by Devon Baker, Maeve Coudrelle, and Natalia Vieyra, advanced doctoral students in the Art History department. CFP for Graduate Student Sessions: We seek papers from graduate students and very recent graduates within the past two years that examine how printmaking processes have appropriated and translated aspects of other media.

Whether aiming for the scale of frescoes or architectural monuments in multi-block oversized woodcuts; the modeling of an ancient sculpture or medallion through the language of hatching and cross-hatching; or searching for flat areas of tone through chiaroscuro, aquatint, mezzotint, or manners of color printing to simulate qualities of drawing, innovations in printmaking over the past five centuries often have been motivated by a desire to imitate or critique the distinctive visual effects or processes of other artistic techniques and materials.

Staking a claim for itself as a medium to be taken seriously, printmaking also seems to have asserted its ability to do the high-minded theoretical work usually enjoyed by these other media, for which there were ample written treatises. But rather than rely on a textual tradition, printed images proved their ability to do their own theorizing, by referencing their processes of making and by commenting upon their ambitious position among the arts by visual means.

Questions to consider: - How did this ability of print to adeptly mimic nearly every other art form and to assert itself within the discourses of other mediums become one of its greatest strengths and a critical tool for contemporary printmaking? We welcome papers from graduate students in Art History, as well those pursuing an M.

We hope to include papers addressing a range of time periods and regions, from the Renaissance through to the present day. Please email abstracts words maximum and a C. Selections will be shared in late July. A new, interdisciplinary approach is now required. The Courtauld Institute of Art, The early modern period has been characterised by the development of novel and efficient reproduction technologies, as well as the emergence of global empires, growing interconnectedness through trade, warfare and conquest, and the rise of new markets and cultures of collecting.

This ethos of innovation and cultural exchange was, however, contextualised against myriad contemporary ideologies still rooted in the values and legends of narratives of the past. Reproduction stood at the centre of this dichotomy. The idea of reproduction connotes a number of tensions: between authenticity and counterfeit; consumption and production; innovation and imitation; the establishment of archetype and the creation of replica; the conceptual value of the original and the worth of the reproduction as a novel work of art; the display of contextualised knowledge and the de-contextualisation of the prototype.

At the same time, production is shaped historically through practices and discourses, and has figured as a key site for analysis in the work of, for example, Walter Benjamin, Richard Wolin, Richard Etlin, Ian Knizek and Yvonne Sheratt. We welcome proposals for papers that investigate the theme of reproduction from the early modern period c. Papers can explore artistic exchanges across geopolitical, cultural and disciplinary divides and contributions from other disciplines, such as the history of science and conservation, are welcome.

Topics for discussion may include, but are not limited to:. Please send proposals of no more than words along with a word biography by 6th July to kyle. Lead conveners: Professor Jill Journeaux, Dr. Helen Gorrill, Dr. Imogen Racz, Dr. Sara Reed. Papers are invited for this one-day symposium intended to consider interrelationships of drawing, body, space and place. At the heart of this will be the body acting as the conduit between interior and exterior, private and public. Drawing in this sense can therefore be elastic in definition, from two-dimensional mark-making, to more spatial languages that might involve capturing movement, three-dimensional drawing, or indeed understanding the processes of making the movement, mark or gesture.

How do these gestures make meaning? What impulses from a particular space or place impelled the drawing? What is the relationship of the final work to a space or place? Twenty-minute papers are invited from practitioners, historians and theoreticians. They can include projects undertaken, or be about particular works or ideas by others. What happens when we draw with or from the body? How is conversation formed and understood?

How is the notion of the individual reshaped within a collective or collaborative drawing process? Gender, drawing conversations and collaborations: what is the nexus of feminism, drawing and connectivity? This is not an exhaustive list so if you have an idea that does not easily fit into this list and you are unsure about submitting a proposal please feel free to contact Jill Journeaux on j.

Following on from the success of Drawing Conversations 1 which took place in December , and the book Drawing Conversations: Collective and Collaborative Drawing in Contemporary Practice, due to be published in Spring , we intend to apply for a second publication. If you wish to be considered for a future publication, please make this clear in your proposal and ensure that you submit a full-length proposal of words.

All proposals for papers will be peer reviewed. Include your name and address, email address and institutional affiliation if appropriate. Symposium Dresden, November Es sind weniger die klassischen Schablonen gefragt, sondern eine kunstanatomische Auseinandersetzung mit diesem Fach und eine Praxis, die von aktueller Relevanz sein kann. Juni an:. Throughout the 16th century, the translation of sculptures, especially contemporary ones, into prints was quite uncommon — compared to the vast reproduction of paintings or drawn inventions in engravings or woodcuts.

Sculpture posed more difficulties to the printmaker. First of all, he had to render a three-dimensional object into two dimensions. Moreover the artist had to decide whether to complement his model: be it the fragmentary state of an ancient statue or the placing of a modern sculpture into a landscape or other setting. In many cases, printmakers even designed a whole narrative to round off their work. In addition to that, they had to choose the proper or best possible viewpoint. All these decisions were based on the strategies of the sculptor or printmaker regarding the publication of the print and its intended audience.

An essential aim of this session is to assess these and other related questions by analyzing prints produced between in Europe and beyond. The session will continue a fruitful discussion started at the RSA conference in Boston, which included sculpture-related terminology in print inscriptions, the transformation of ancient sculpture in the early 16th century in Italy, and contemporary sculpture and its reception and interpretation via prints.

If interested, please send an abstract word maximum with paper title, keywords, and a brief curriculum vitae word maximum by May 21 to Anne Bloemacher annebloemacher uni-muenster. Submissions must be in English. Senate House, London, 1. September The emphasis is pre By analysing the objects and resulting impressions, participants will learn how to describe them; identify how they were made, used and copied; relate them to printed content; and use them as primary material in their own research.

The interdisciplinary remit includes text and image, as well as decorations, initials, medicine, music, mathematical symbols, scientific imagery, and more. This event is the first application of a new research framework, which will later be published open access. Participants will learn new research skills and, through their feedback, help shape the future of research in fields related to print heritage.

Participants must be current PhD students or have taken their PhD less than 10 years ago i. Januar Eingabeschluss: 6. That drawing and print illustration are constituted by the presence and absence of marks, while compositional structure emerges out of their correlation and balance: this is probably the simplest way of defining these genres.

Within this basic condition, the interplay of form and non-form does not necessarily lend the blank sheet a subordinate role with respect to the drawn line. The purpose of the workshop is to address the forms and functions of this unmarked space in the graphic arts of the Early Modern period.

Central questions and problematics may include:. Possible issues here would be its relationship to surface, its role as a spatial or perspectival element, or its chromatic values. Could empty space be the place where an artistic 'idea' crystallizes? How can they be distinguished in drawing or print? The two-day event offers the possibility to develop a minute presentation in German, Italian, or English on these and other themes concerning the technical, aesthetic, and theoretical empty spaces in the graphic arts of the Early Modern period.

In addition there will be an opportunity to select objects for view in a collective working conversation at the Gabinetto dei Disegni e delle Stampe degli Uffizi. Please send an abstract max. The Kunsthistorisches Institut in Florenz — Max Planck Institut will cover travel costs economy class and accommodation in accordance with the provisions of the German Travel Expenses Act. Wie lassen sie sich jeweils in Zeichnung oder Druckgraphik charakterisieren? Februar Eingabeschluss: APS-sponsored session proposals may be related to any period, theme, or aspect of print scholarship. We encourage proposals that transcend chronological or geographic boundaries, as well as those that engage current theoretical interests in materialism, archival theory, bibliographic studies, history of ideas, or social history, including feminisms and critical race studies.

If you have a topic or theme that you would like to propose, please submit a title and word abstract that describes the subject of your session. Co-chaired sessions are welcome. Submissions should include a CV and should be sent to info printscholars. April Nicht zuletzt stellen sich dabei verschiedentliche Diskrepanzen zwischen kunstkritischen Schriften und Kunstwerken, zwischen Theorie und Praxis, heraus. Insbesondere an das im Folgende Fragen stehen im Zentrum der Tagung:. This conference invites scholars and practitioners to investigate and discuss contemporary architectural drawing and, in particular, the drawn plan.

What types of contemporary plan drawing practices do we know exist today — or should be developed — in relation to architectural education, as well as to design work and actual building practices situated in professional offices? To Le Corbusier, the plan was essential to any architectural project and its agency comparable to that of a generator. Indeed, historically speaking, plans, whether they are floor plans, site plans or others, have been of unquestionable importance to the discipline of architecture. Yet, what is the agency of the plan today?

May we still consider it a generator, a promotor of our imagination, or with the advent of digital design possibilities, has it merely lost its previous status as a privileged tool for developing and communicating about architecture? Traditionally, the architectural plan was executed through the process of analogue hand drawing supported by geometrical tools. What are the implications for drawn plans and the processes of design and conceptualisation connected to plan drawing given that many professional architects today consider computers their privileged drawing tools?

Do architects still use tracing paper or napkins! In a digital context, how have architectural offices changed their practice of drawing plans? What new kinds of drawing have been developed, and do they still possess the same aspects of ambiguity often associated with the hand-drawn sketch? Moreover, architects look at buildings orthogonally through plans. This projective way of looking is closely linked to traditional geometrical drawing tools.

Yet, when tools change and projections persist, as with a lot of design software today, what are the consequences? Drawn architectural plans may be considered as aesthetic objects worth contemplating and even exhibiting. This points to the plan as an object of meaning and imagination, and apt for interpretation, as stated by Le Corbusier. It is an X-ray of the soul. The conference will consist of academic and work-based sessions, with the latter including presentations of submitted drawings.

Selected papers and drawings will be published in a peer-reviewed catalogue after the conference. Organising committee: Jacob S. Tagung: November , TU Berlin Ausstellung: November bis Das 4. Forum Architekturwissenschaft widmet sich Artefakten in Entwurfsprozessen der Architektur, des Designs und des Ingenieurwesens.

Das Forum verfolgt das Thema anhand von drei Schwerpunkten:. Inwieweit bestimmt bereits die Wahl des Mediums und des Materials den Entwurf? Zu bedenken ist auch der historische Aspekt. Wie entwickelten sich Praktiken des Entwerfens in geschichtlicher Perspektive? Wie lassen sich die ephemeren Prozesse der Herstellung beschreiben und dokumentieren? Stellen Selbst- und Fremdbeobachtung angemessene Verfahren dar? Wie kann die Rolle der Entwurfsmedien untersucht werden, wo doch alle Zwischenprodukte als Arbeitsmaterialien nach ihrer Nutzung meist umgehend in den Papierkorb wandern?

Call for Papers Wir bitten um die Einsendung eines Abstracts bis max. Call for Artefacts Wir bitten um die Einsendung eines Abstracts bis max. Alle Einsendungen erbitten wir bis zum Veranstalter Netzwerk Architekturwissenschaft e. Oktober Eingabeschluss: 1. This symposium seeks papers that present original research on nineteenth-century American prints. We encourage new voices and perspectives and seek submissions from a wide range of disciplines including art, social and cultural history, communications, music and maritime history. Scholars, independent researchers, artists and graduate students from diverse fields including American art history, American studies and material culture that engage critically with these potential topics are urged to submit proposal papers.

Papers may be on any aspect of American print culture during the first half of the 19th century and should be able to be presented in 20 minutes. Selected papers will be published by the Cape Ann Museum approximately 18 months after the symposium. Please send in one email an abstract one page of your proposed contribution and a short CV two pages to marthaoaks capeannmuseum. Februar Il convegno intende affrontare i molti aspetti di un tema delicato e problematico e fornire l'occasione di un valido confronto tra epoche e contesti cittadini diversi dal punto di vista sociale. Saranno accolte in particolare proposte relative ai seguenti argomenti:.

Le proposte dovranno essere inviate in forma di abstract max battute unitamente ad un breve CV entro il 28 febbraio ai seguenti indirizzi: francescaparrilla83 gmail. I contributi potranno essere presentati in italiano, inglese, francese o tedesco. Le relazioni saranno incluse nel volume "Le collezioni degli artisti", curato da F. Parrilla e M. On the one hand, architectural fantasies stir the imagination, represent future possibilities, and utopian dreams, on the other, they reflect and reproduce political ideologies, societal aspirations and anxieties.

Though by definition, fantasy relates to that outside reality, or beyond possibility, the examples listed above engage directly with reality and they exist as realised projects in the form of architectural representations — on paper, as models, as reproductions or as digital files. This symposium aims to consider the intersection of fantasy and reality by examining a broad range of architectural production from the middle ages to the present day across different cultures and media.

It invites explorations of the often blurred lines, or tensions between fantasy and reality in architecture and its representation. Architectural fantasies created in drawings, paintings, computer renders, etchings, photographs and films and three dimensional examples in models, pavilions, or virtual reality will be considered, along with built structures, as vital forms of architectural production that both reflect and produce reality. How does the production of architectural fantasies relate to reality and attempt to shape it? How do representations of architecture construct or perpetuate fantasies of the built environment?

What is the role of the mass media in the production and dissemination of architectural fantasies in popular culture? In what ways do representations of built or soon to be built projects contribute to the construction of fantasy? The conference seeks to address these questions and more. The first day of the symposium, 13 June will be an opportunity for the participants to visit architectural collections in London. This will be followed by presentations of papers on 14 and 15 June.

Proposals are welcome from postgraduate, early-career and established researchers working in all relevant disciplines. Please send a title and an abstract of no more than words together with a short CV and word biography to Marie Collier marie. Successful candidates will be notified in mid-February.

Papers should not exceed 20 minutes in length. Einmal mehr: Das Original und seine grafischen Interpretationen: Wie stellt sich der Grafiker in seinem Werk selbst dar, wie geht er mit den Vorgaben des Originales um, welche Freiheiten hat er oder nimmt er sich? Wie bildet sich Zusammenarbeit und Konkurrenz unter Grafikern bzw. Versteckten die Grafiker mitunter gar kritische oder satirische Botschaften in ihren Interpretationen?

Welche Rolle spielen spezielle Techniken: z. Umrissradierung, Aquatinta oder farbiger Druck bzw. Und welchen Einfluss haben beigegebene Bildunterschriften auf die Rezeption der Darstellungen? Alle Unterlagen senden Sie bitte in englischer oder deutscher Sprache im pdf-Format bis zum Februar an folgende E-Mail-Adresse: beyond-reproduction gmx. Beyond Reproductive Printmaking. Prints and the Canon of European Painting ca.

Conference for Ph. Are paintings reproduced because they are famous, or have they become famous because they have been reproduced over and over again in the past centuries? The aim of this conference is to throw light on the status of reproductive prints in the process of the formation of an artistic canon s.

The conference will cover the period running from the early 16th century to the introduction of the first lithographic press in the early 19th century. Geographically, the focus is on Europe. No restrictions are imposed concerning printing techniques — on the contrary, the characteristics of each technique as well as its ability and uses for reproducing original paintings constitute an important topic. We invite submissions of papers drawing from current research on specific prints or series of prints as well as on new theoretical approaches and methodologically promising developments in the study of interpretative prints, also exploring their potential as a source and as a subject matter of art history.

In particular we welcome submissions in but not limited to the following areas:. Yet again: The original and its graphic interpretation s : How are collaboration and competition amongst the printmakers themselves, and between the engravers and the painters represented in the prints? Did printmakers even perhaps hide critical or satirical messages in their interpretations? Questions of style: How is the painterly style of the original expressed in the graphic medium? Is there experimental ground for innovations in new printmaking techniques? What role do special printmaking techniques - e.

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Reception: How were differences in style and in composition between the original and its reproduction perceived by the contemporary viewer? Is it possible to identify links between prints and theoretical writings on certain paintings or painting in general? Which influence do captions have in the process of reception? Reproductive prints as a source for new approaches in scholarship: What potential do reproductive prints have as a source for the study of canon formation and for art historical network research?

How can the pictorial and textual information contained in those prints be gathered, and how can this be made accessible for practical use? An important objective of the conference is to encourage networking between academic researchers and museum professionals. Proposals by both doctoral candidates in art history and aesthetics as well as students aiming at a Ph. We also invite applications from curators and postgraduate researchers at museums and other research institutions and we are pleased to receive papers from colleagues working in media studies, philosophy and history.

Please submit your proposal in the form of a word abstract and a short CV and send it in English or German as a PDF file to: beyond-reproduction gmx. Please indicate in your proposal those prints that you wish to discuss in the original. We will be happy to check if they are available in the Kupferstich-Kabinett. Das Die geplante Tagung will die protestantischen Bilderwelten vom Jahrhundert bis heute in den Blick nehmen.