- CVs Staff | Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte
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She coordinates the annual human rights report to the German Bundestag. From to she was a researcher and lecturer at Maastricht University. Her expertise includes asylum and migration, policy-making in the European Union as well as qualitative research methods. She previously worked for serval organisations in the field of political education.
Claudia Engelmann studied international human rights law, political science and German Literature in Oxford, Stockholm and Konstanz. Selected publications: "Hausordnungen menschenrechtskonform gestalten. Das Recht auf Unverletzlichkeit der Wohnung Art. Initially employed as a researcher and policy adviser on various projects in the Human Rights Education department, she switched to working for the National CRC Monitoring Mechanism in Stephan Gerbig is a lawyer whose studies focused on international and European law.
After his legal traineeship, he worked as an advisor on Fundamental and Human Rights for the Evangelical Church in Germany as well as lecturing on constitutional law and criminal procedural law. She currently focuses on accountability of donors as well as strategies for civil society promotion. Next to advising both state and non-state institutions of development cooperation, she works as an independent consultant.
Anforderungen an die Entwicklungszusammenarbeit aus der Perspektive der extraterritorialen Staatenpflichten" "Between promotion of human rights and toleration of human rights violations? An interdisciplinary handbook , Stuttgart Jan-Christian Niebank is a researcher and policy adviser in the international department of the German Institute for Human Rights.
CVs Staff | Deutsches Institut für Menschenrechte
His main areas of expertise include business and human rights, human rights-based development policy, human rights as a criterion for the licensing of German arms exports, and climate, environment and energy. During his master studies in Venice and Strasbourg he specialized in human rights and democratization. Beate Rudolf ; "Policy Paper No.
Was aus menschenrechtlicher Sicht im Bildungsbereich getan werden muss" He deals with issues of access to remedy for victims of business-related human rights violations, transnational cooperation among National Human Rights Institutions, and human rights in the tech sector. He holds degrees in law M. Prior to joining the German Institute for Human Rights in , he worked as freelance research consultant for the UK-based civil liberties organization Statewatch.
A list of his publications can be found at www. His work at the Institute focuses on impacts and risks of economic and business activity and policy on society, especially concerning extractive industries, export promotion and economic policy such as austerity. Kontur einer Forschungsperspektive, Springer VS, She has worked with Human Rights Watch, and has more than 15 years of experience as an independent consultant in development.
Although comparative research suggests that this could be challenging due to the uniqueness of the German education and training system, strong forces support internationalization. This study examines the current state and the future prospects of internationalization of such innovative dual study programs by focusing on student mobility, a key dimension of internationalization. We find growing interest in but still relatively little mobility related to dual study programs, whether among German outgoing or international incoming students. Based on expert interviews and document analysis, we extend existing typologies of student mobility regarding specific features of work-based HE programs.
Furthermore, we discuss opportunities—at home and abroad—for increasing student mobility in this rapidly expanding sector. How to construct an organizational field: Empirical educational research in Germany, — more. Over the past two decades, educational research in Germany has undergone unprecedented changes. Following large-scale assessments such as the Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study TIMSS and the Programme for International Student Assessment PISA , and a political interest in evidence-based policy-making, quality assessment and internationalization, direct involvement of national decision-makers has led to the establishment of new organizations, programs, funding structures, professorships, and training programs.
Thus, a markedly different educational research field has emerged in contrast to the traditional philosophy-rooted, hermeneutics-trained and humanities-based German pedagogy or educational science. Instead, the new paradigm refers to itself as empirical educational research EER. What are the causes and consequences of the emergent EER field in Germany? Extending the neoinstitutionalist organizational field literature, particularly about incipient stages of such fields, we show that a new division of labor transcends national and international as well as governmental and non-governmental borders.
View on hdl. Awareness-raising, legitimation or backlash?
Affected by societal and educational change, special education systems and their participants have also transformed societies. If special education successfully provided learning opportunities to previously excluded pupils, the goal has shifted to inclusive education. In such settings, all children, regardless of their characteristics, attend neighbourhood schools where they are supported to reach their individual learning goals in diverse classrooms.
This global ideal has gained legitimacy, as most countries have ratified the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities UN-CRPD , which mandates inclusive education, specifying facilitated access and meaningful educational opportunities. This has considerable implications for all learners. Examining the effects of the UN-CRPD in Germany, one of the most highly stratified and segregated education systems in Europe, provides a hard test case of the potential impact of this international charter on national education systems. Examining education policy reform processes since the s, we find contrasting path-dependent reactions: In Schleswig-Holstein, inclusive education has diffused broadly and attained broad legitimacy, but in Bavaria its development has stalled; school segregation remains pervasive.
View on link. Transferpotenziale des deutschen dualen Studiums. Jahrhunderts zu spielen. Derzeit trifft dieses View on bibb. Powell and Liang Zhang. Acknowledging important differences between countries, Acknowledging important differences between countries, we compare the evolving relationship between HE and VET.
We ask whether and how these two distinct organisational fields in France and Germany have changed in recent decades. Thus, while the traditional typologies that contrast France and Germany have served as useful heuristic devices, they require revision to adequately represent incremental institutional change in these skill formation systems resulting from endogenous reforms and exogenous pressures due to Europeanisation. Proposing an alternative to the American model, intergovernmental reform initiatives in Europe have developed and promote a comprehensive European model of skill formation.
What ideals, standards, and governance are proposed in this new What ideals, standards, and governance are proposed in this new pan-European model? The authors thus compare this emergent European model with the historically influential models of Germany, France, Great Britain, and the United States. To what extent does the European model resemble these traditionally influential national models?
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The authors report findings of a theory-guided content analysis of official European policy documents in higher education and vocational training from to They find that while the European model is a bricolage that integrates diverse characteristics of influential models, the ambitious goals and standards codified in the twin Bologna and Copenhagen processes in higher education and vocational training offer a new model to compete internationally. Dozens of countries now seek to implement these principles.
This comparative analysis finds different visions for the future of skill formation on both sides of the Atlantic. View on soe. Book chapters. An International Comparative Analysis more. Powell , Leesa Wheelahan , and Sue Webb. This international comparative analysis of higher level vocational education examines developments across five countries: England, Germany, Australia, Canada, and the USA. The authors consider how current developments address two key The authors consider how current developments address two key policy concerns: an emphasis on high skills as a means of achieving economic competitiveness and raising productivity; and the promise of increasing access for students hitherto excluded from higher education.
We address these questions in relation to specific country contexts, in order to highlight similarities and differences in developments within the European arena and in a wider global context. We locate our analyses in an understanding of the different political and socioeconomic conditions within different countries, which render particular reforms and innovations both possible and realiza-ble in one context, but almost unthinkable in another. We argue for the need to recognize and embrace diversity in provision, while using comparison across countries as a means of challenging taken-for-granted assumptions of how things are and what is possible within individual country contexts.
Such comparative analysis is a prerequisite for answering questions of policy transfer and learning from others. Stalder Eds. View on doi. View on imove-germany. Baden-Baden: Nomos, View on nomos-shop. Powell , Lukas Graf , and Lorenz Lassnigg. Oxford: Oxford University Press, View on ukcatalogue. The global triumph of the research university: A driving force of science production more. Powell and Jennifer Dusdal.
How does research evaluation impact educational research? Exploring intended and unintended consequences of research assessment in the United Kingdom, — more. Powell , and Marcelo Marques. Research evaluation systems in many countries aim to improve the quality of higher education. Highly institutionalised, it transforms research to be more accountable.
While numerous studies describe the system's effects at different levels, this longitudinal analysis examines the gradual institutionalisation and un intended consequences of the system from to Second, we locate the multidisciplinary field of education, analysing the submission behaviour staff, outputs, funding of departments of education over time to find decreases in the number of academic staff. Moving towards Mode 2? Evidence-based policy-making and the changing conditions for educational research in Germany. In: Science and Public Policy.
Forthcoming European Journal of Education. Educational research in Norway has experienced unprecedented structural expansion as well as cognitive shifts over the past two decades, especially due to increased state investments and the strategic use of extensive and multi-year Educational research in Norway has experienced unprecedented structural expansion as well as cognitive shifts over the past two decades, especially due to increased state investments and the strategic use of extensive and multi-year thematic programs to fund research projects.
Applying a neoinstitutionalist framework, we examine institutionalization dynamics in cultural-cognitive, normative, and regulative dimensions over the past two decades using interviews, research program calls, policy documents, and funding data. In the cultural-cognitive dimension, we find references to the knowledge society, the importance of evidence in policymaking, and ideas of quality, excellence, and relevance.
In the normative dimension, we find the introduction of new professional and methodological standards, reflecting broader global patterns of academic and epistemic drift. In the regulative dimension, the strengthened role of both government and the Research Council of Norway is manifest in substantial growth in both funding and large-scale, long-term planning, including thematic choices—evidence of 'programification'.
The importance of external models has grown in an era of internationalization, yet translation occurs at every level of governance of educational research. This results in a specific Norwegian research model, guided by a mode of governance of programs, that maintains social values traditionally strong in Nordic societies. Two Worlds of Educational Research? Forthcoming in Research in Comparative and International Education. Charting significant growth in science production over the 20th century in four European Union member states, this neo-institutional analysis describes the development and current state of universities and research institutes that bolster On-going internationalization and Europeanization of higher education and science has been accompanied by increasing competition as well as collaboration.
Based on a comprehensive historical database from to , this analysis uncovers both stable and dynamic patterns of production and productivity in Germany, France, Belgium, and Luxembourg. Comparing the institutionalization pathways that created the conditions necessary for continuous and strong growth in scientific productivity in the European center of global science emphasizes that the research university is the key organizational form across countries. Zapp, M. European Educational Research Journal 15 5 : — Education , Organizational Theory , and Neoinstitutionalism.
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Powell , Laurence Coutrot , and Lukas Graf. Wenn sich Bologna und Kopenhagen treffen. View on bibliothek. Following the logic of difference, we ask whether, despite their different institutionalization, these two Following the logic of difference, we ask whether, despite their different institutionalization, these two sectors in France and Germany react similarly to the Europe-wide Copenhagen and Bologna processes.
We compare the relationship between vocational education and training VET and higher education HE , contrasting a number of influential typologies. Analyzing the current situation, we ask whether these differences in postsecondary education and training systems continue to exist. Powell and Lisa Pfahl. Um ihrem geringeren Aus- Bildungsniveau, vergleichsweise geringen Einkommen, aber vor allem ihrer View on bpb.
Made only in Germany? Internationalization and Transfer of Dual Study Programs more. View on researchgate. Behinderung in der Schule, behindert durch Schule? Special Education , Institutionalization , and Special School. Report on the survey "Life courses of school-leavers from special schools support category: learning in North-Rhine Westphalia more.
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Publication Date: View on mpib-berlin. Powell , and Lance Roberts. Sociology , Education , and Teacher Education. Berlin: Wissenschaftszentrum. In: S. Wachtel Hg. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, S. Luder et al. In: Ullrich Bauer, Uwe H. Bittlingmayer und Albert Scherr Hg. Handbuch Bildungs- und Erziehungssoziologie. Wiesbaden: VS-Verlag, S. The special education profession and the discourse of learning disability in Germany School segregation continues to be understood as legitimate in Germany.
To explain why, we chart the development of the learning disability discourse and the special education profession, providing insights into the ongoing expansion of To explain why, we chart the development of the learning disability discourse and the special education profession, providing insights into the ongoing expansion of segregated special schooling. In: Disabilty Studies Quarterly Vol. What barriers hinder its multi disciplinary flourishing?
We address these questions focusing on contemporary DS in Germany, Austria, and Switzerland—vibrant but This multidisciplinary field engages intellectuals, activists, and stakeholders to subversively cross disciplinary, institutional, and political divides. Critical DS scholarship relies on collaboration among members of the disability rights movement, advocates, and academics to develop its subversive status. Within the academy, despite general barriers to transdisciplinary fields of study and persistent disability discrimination, more positions have been devoted to research and teaching in DS.
The field, recognizing its subversive status and engaging insights from DS worldwide—across language and disciplinary boundaries—could better focus and unfold its critical powers. The potential of DS in the German-speaking countries continues to grow, with diverse conferences, teaching, and publications bolstering the exchange of ideas. Keywords: disability studies, disciplines, discourse, social inequality, Germany, Austria, Switzerland". Disability Studies. View on dsq-sds. Disability in the German, Swiss, and Austrian higher education systems more.
Powell and Kai Felkendorff. Publisher: phzh. View on phzh. Located in small states with extraordinary migration flows, the University of Luxembourg and Qatar University reflect global norms relating to research universities. Each has opened its doors widely in recent decades to scholars and Each has opened its doors widely in recent decades to scholars and students from around the world. Higher education in both countries relies to a considerable extent on global mobility; indeed, the international dimension of higher education is a precondition for their development.
Elaborated internationalisation strategies characterise the universities in Luxembourg and Qatar, embedded in hyper-diverse and very wealthy nation-states as well as in significant regional and global networks. These recently founded universities rely on global scientific networks, without which higher education and science could not flourish. Likewise, these young international national universities facilitate the accelerating global reach of higher education and science as they systematically foster the global recruitment, cross-border mobility and multicultural networks of faculty, staff and students.
To Segregate or to Separate?
View on jstor. Powell and Nadine Bernhard. Educational systems considerably influence educational opportunities and the resulting social inequalities. Contrasting institutional regulations of both structures and contents, the authors present a typology of educational system types Contrasting institutional regulations of both structures and contents, the authors present a typology of educational system types in Germany to analyze their effects on social inequality in eastern Germany after unification.
After , the comprehensive secondary school was replaced by three types of differentiated secondary schooling. In this unique field experiment of model transfer and institutional change in a federal country, reforms in these state educational systems—all originally of a uniform socialist type—led to participation rates rising to western enrollment levels, yet with substantial state-level differences.
These are attributable to the divergence of educational systems reformed according to contrasting western German models. These types substantially and differentially generate intergenerational inequalities. The authors chart the sharp and significant effects of education policy reforms and societal transformation following German unification. An increasing proportion of students at risk of leaving secondary school without qualifications participate in special education. Analyses of European special education demographics and organizations emphasize institutional instead of individual explanations.
Publisher: informaworld. This comparative analysis finds contrasting visions for the future of skill formation on both sides of the Atlantic. Publisher: soe. For decades, the skill formation systems in France and Germany have been analysed as contrasting cases because of institutionalised differences in educational values, norms, and governance as well as labour markets.
This comparison follows This comparison follows the logic of difference, comparing dissimilar skill formation systems in centralist France and federalist Germany. Many typologies of vocational education and training VET and higher education HE summarise these differences. Comparing the present situation, we ask whether traditional education and training typologies continue to be valid. While they have served as useful heuristic devices, they may hinder recognition of contemporary institutional changes, especially incremental changes that may nevertheless be transformational because of endogenous reforms and exogenous pressures due to Europeanisation.
Do these typologies continue to reflect these systems as they evolve? To what extent have the key characteristics of skill formation systems in France and Germany changed, exemplified in the relationship between VET and HE? Have these countries converged? Published in European Journal of Education. Legitimating school segregation. The special education profession and the discourse of learning disability in Germany more.
Analyzing the nexus of higher education and vocational training in Europe: A comparative-institutional framework more. Why are higher education participation rates in Germany so low? Institutional barriers to higher education expansion more. Persistente schulische Segregation oder Wandel zur inklusiven Bildung?