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Climb aboard and take a high-energy spin in your very own spacecraft up in the sky, then park your craft and pay a visit to all your favorite friends in Dynamite Gulch.
Quick, Marvin needs your help! Prepare for chaos. Join Scooby and the crew of Mystery Inc at The Museum of Mysteries as they follow the trail of clues… Zoinks, is there something afoot? Climb aboard iconic cartoon vehicles and hang out with your favorite classic characters from Loony Tunes and Hanna-Barbera on this colorful twist on the classic carousel. Spin awound and awound as you and Tweety bird try to steer clear.
Buckle up and get ready to giggle; join the Tasmanian Devil on the track. Grab your barcode scanner, hop in your delivery vehicle and take up the challenge to see who gets the most points! Spiral net climbs, suspended rope bridges, crawl tubes, tunnel mazes and much more.
To the Batmobile; prepare to be thrilled! Rock, spin and twist your way through this thrilling coaster ride in Gotham City. Touching the Void It may not be as tall as Mount Everest, but the west face of the Siula Grande, a 21,foot peak in the Peruvian Andes, is every bit as deadly a scaling challenge, even for the most accomplished climbers. In , Joe Simpson and Simon Yates decided to tackle Siula Grande in the aggressive Alpine style, which involves climbing the mountain in one swift push with limited supplies, rather than establishing base camps along the way.
Then Simpson broke his leg near the peak. Into the Wild Without underplaying the huge, preventable mistakes that ultimately cost McCandless his life, Penn stands in awe of the diversity and grandeur of the American landscape and the courage required to explore it. Cast Away Okay, one more thing: the quality of FedEx packages. Never Cry Wolf Never Cry Wolf gets to that place, too, but not before its hero, a government researcher sent to study predatory wolves in the Arctic, gets acclimated to the harsh conditions.
With other mice looking on, accusingly. But as with all Ballard films, Never Cry Wolf has a prevailing sense of wonder that speaks to all audiences, young and old. Joe Versus the Volcano So many films on this list are about ordinary people shaking off the drudgery of everyday life and answering the call of the wild, however unprepared they might be for its challenges. Deliverance The Lost City of Z But after passing through a gauntlet of oppressive heat, disease, poisonous snakes and piranha, and hostile indigenous tribes, the officer discovers evidence of a lost civilization and it changes his entire perspective.
Letter Never Sent Russian director Mikhail Kalatozov drew the attention of American cinephiles after his staggering Soviet-Cuban propaganda film, I Am Cuba , was rereleased in With Letter Never Sent , Kalatozov turns his camera loose in the wilds of Siberia, where he follows four geologists who go searching for diamond deposits in a remote area.
The good news?
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Diamonds aplenty. The bad news? As summer turns to winter, Kalatozov captures the harsh beauty of the region while working through a love triangle involving one of the men. Aguirre, the Wrath of God As part of an expedition of Spanish conquistadors in , searching through the South American jungle for the fabled city of El Dorado, Klaus Kinski is the face of madness, scheming his way to leadership and soldiering on as starvation, disease, and hostile natives decimate the ranks. Grizzly Man Treadwell left behind a treasure trove of video footage that documented his attachment to these animals, which he believed were protecting from harm.
Muir remained president until his death 22 years later. The Sierra Club immediately opposed efforts to reduce Yosemite National Park by half, and began holding educational and scientific meetings. Dudley, the Sierra Club discussed the idea of establishing 'national forest reservations', which were later called National Forests.
The Sierra Club was active in the successful campaign to transfer Yosemite National Park from state to federal control in The fight to preserve Hetch Hetchy Valley was also taken up by the Sierra Club, with some prominent San Francisco members opposing the fight. Eventually a vote was held that overwhelmingly put the Sierra Club behind the opposition to Hetch Hetchy Dam. In July , Muir became associated with Gifford Pinchot , a national leader in the conservation movement. Pinchot was the first head of the United States Forest Service and a leading spokesman for the sustainable use of natural resources for the benefit of the people.
His views eventually clashed with Muir's and highlighted two diverging views of the use of the country's natural resources. Pinchot saw conservation as a means of managing the nation's natural resources for long-term sustainable commercial use. As a professional forester, his view was that "forestry is tree farming," without destroying the long-term viability of the forests. In one essay about the National Parks, he referred to them as "places for rest, inspiration, and prayers. Both men opposed reckless exploitation of natural resources, including clear-cutting of forests.
Even Muir acknowledged the need for timber and the forests to provide it, but Pinchot's view of wilderness management was more resource-oriented. Their friendship ended late in the summer of when Pinchot released a statement to a Seattle newspaper supporting sheep grazing in forest reserves. Muir confronted Pinchot and demanded an explanation.
When Pinchot reiterated his position, Muir told him: "I don't want any thing more to do with you. Their contrasting views were highlighted again when the United States was deciding whether to dam Hetch Hetchy Valley. Pinchot favored damming the valley as "the highest possible use which could be made of it. As well dam for water-tanks the people's cathedrals and churches, for no holier temple has ever been consecrated by the hearts of man. In , Muir accompanied railroad executive E. He later relied on his friendship with Harriman to pressure Congress to pass conservation legislation.
Muir joined Roosevelt in Oakland, California , for the train trip to Raymond. The presidential entourage then traveled by stagecoach into the park. While traveling to the park, Muir told the president about state mismanagement of the valley and rampant exploitation of the valley's resources.
Even before they entered the park, he was able to convince Roosevelt that the best way to protect the valley was through federal control and management. After entering the park and seeing the magnificent splendor of the valley, the president asked Muir to show him the real Yosemite. Muir and Roosevelt set off largely by themselves and camped in the back country. The duo talked late into the night, slept in the brisk open air of Glacier Point, and were dusted by a fresh snowfall in the morning.
It was a night Roosevelt never forgot. Muir then increased efforts by the Sierra Club to consolidate park management. Muir's attitude toward Native Americans evolved over his life.
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His earliest encounters, during his childhood in Wisconsin, were with Winnebago Indians , who begged for food and stole his favorite horse. In spite of that, he had a great deal of sympathy for their "being robbed of their lands and pushed ruthlessly back into narrower and narrower limits by alien races who were cutting off their means of livelihood.
Muir was given the Stickeen Muir's spelling, coastal tribe name "Ancoutahan" meaning "adopted chief". With population growth continuing in San Francisco, political pressure increased to dam the Tuolumne River for use as a water reservoir. Muir wrote to President Roosevelt pleading for him to scuttle the project. After years of national debate, Taft's successor Woodrow Wilson signed the bill authorizing the dam into law on December 19, Muir felt a great loss from the destruction of the valley, his last major battle.
The destruction of the charming groves and gardens, the finest in all California, goes to my heart. In his life, Muir published six volumes of writings, all describing explorations of natural settings. Four additional books were published posthumously. Several books were subsequently published that collected essays and articles from various sources.
Miller writes that what was most important about his writings was not their quantity, but their "quality". He notes that they have had a "lasting effect on American culture in helping to create the desire and will to protect and preserve wild and natural environments. His first appearance in print was by accident, writes Miller; a person he did not know submitted, without his permission or awareness, a personal letter to his friend Jeanne Carr, describing Calypso borealis , a rare flower he had encountered. The piece was published anonymously, identified as having been written by an "inspired pilgrim".
He often compiled and organized such earlier writings as collections of essays or included them as part of narrative books. Muir's friendship with Jeanne Carr had a lifelong influence on his career as a naturalist and writer. They first met in the fall of , when, at age 22, he entered a number of his homemade inventions in the Wisconsin State Agricultural Society Fair. Carr, a fair assistant, was asked by fair officials to review Muir's exhibits to see if they had merit. She thought they did and "saw in his entries evidence of genius worthy of special recognition," notes Miller.
According to Muir biographer Bonnie Johanna Gisel, the Carrs recognized his "pure mind, unsophisticated nature, inherent curiosity, scholarly acumen, and independent thought. Muir was often invited to the Carrs' home; he shared Jeanne's love of plants. In , he left Wisconsin to begin exploring the Canadian wilderness and, while there, began corresponding with her about his activities.
Carr wrote Muir in return and encouraged him in his explorations and writings, eventually having an important influence over his personal goals. At one point she asked Muir to read a book she felt would influence his thinking, Lamartine 's The Stonemason of Saint Point. It was the story of a man whose life she hoped would "metabolize in Muir," writes Gisel, and "was a projection of the life she envisioned for him. After Muir returned to the United States, he spent the next four years exploring Yosemite, while at the same time writing articles for publication.
During those years, Muir and Carr continued corresponding. She sent many of her friends to Yosemite to meet Muir and "to hear him preach the gospel of the mountains," writes Gisel. The most notable was naturalist and author Ralph Waldo Emerson. The importance of Carr, who continually gave Muir reassurance and inspiration, "cannot be overestimated," adds Gisel.
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It was "through his letters to her that he developed a voice and purpose. Muir came to trust Carr as his "spiritual mother," and they remained friends for 30 years. The value of their friendship was first disclosed by a friend of Carr's, clergyman and writer G. Wharton James.
After obtaining copies of their private letters from Carr, and despite pleadings from Muir to return them, he instead published articles about their friendship, using those letters as a primary source. In one such article, his focus was Muir's debt to Carr, stating that she was his "guiding star" who "led him into the noble paths of life, and then kept him there. Muir's friend, zoologist Henry Fairfield Osborn , writes that Muir's style of writing did not come to him easily, but only with intense effort.
Each sentence, each phrase, each word, underwent his critical scrutiny, not once but twenty times before he was satisfied to let it stand. Miller speculates that Muir recycled his earlier writings partly due to his "dislike of the writing process. Muir wrote in , "No amount of word-making will ever make a single soul to 'know' these mountains.
One day's exposure to mountains is better than a cartload of books. Muir believed that to discover truth, he must turn to what he believed were the most accurate sources. Muir had a strict, Scottish Presbyterian upbringing. In his book, The Story of My Boyhood and Youth , he writes that during his childhood, his father made him read the Bible every day. Muir eventually memorized three-quarters of the Old Testament and all of the New Testament. Williams notes that Muir's philosophy and world view rotated around his perceived dichotomy between civilization and nature.
From this developed his core belief that "wild is superior". According to Williams, philosophers and theologians such as Thomas Dick suggested that the "best place to discover the true attributes of deity was in Nature. During his career as writer and while living in the mountains, Muir continued to experience the "presence of the divine in nature," writes Holmes  : 5  : His personal letters also conveyed these feelings of ecstasy.
Historian Catherine Albanese stated that in one of his letters, "Muir's eucharist made Thoreau's feast on wood-chuck and huckleberry seem almost anemic. Muir often referred to himself as a "disciple" of Thoreau. During his first summer in the Sierra as a shepherd, Muir wrote field notes that emphasized the role that the senses play in human perceptions of the environment.
According to Williams, he speculated that the world was an unchanging entity that was interpreted by the brain through the senses, and, writes Muir, "If the creator were to bestow a new set of senses upon us As a result of his intense desire to remember facts, he filled his field journals with notes on precipitation, temperature, and even cloud formations. However, Muir took his journal entries further than recording factual observations.
Williams notes that the observations he recorded amounted to a description of "the sublimity of Nature," and what amounted to "an aesthetic and spiritual notebook. For Muir, mountain skies, for example, seemed painted with light, and came to " Muir biographer Steven Holmes notes that Muir used words like "glory" and "glorious" to suggest that light was taking on a religious dimension: "It is impossible to overestimate the importance of the notion of glory in Muir's published writings, where no other single image carries more emotional or religious weight,"  : adding that his words "exactly parallels its Hebraic origins," in which biblical writings often indicate a divine presence with light, as in the burning bush or pillar of fire , and described as "the glory of God.
Muir often used the term "home" as a metaphor for both nature and his general attitude toward the "natural world itself," notes Holmes. He often used domestic language to describe his scientific observations, as when he saw nature as providing a home for even the smallest plant life: "the little purple plant, tended by its Maker, closed its petals, crouched low in its crevice of a home, and enjoyed the storm in safety. No wonder when we consider that we all have the same Father and Mother.
In his later years, he used the metaphor of nature as home in his writings to promote wilderness preservation. Not surprisingly, Muir's deep-seated feeling about nature as being his true home led to tension with his family at his home in Martinez, California. He once told a visitor to his ranch there, "This is a good place to be housed in during stormy weather, Up there," pointing towards the Sierra Nevada, "is my home. In , when he was nearing the age of 40, Muir's friends "pressured him to return to society. In , after he returned from a trip to Alaska, Muir and Strentzel married.
John Muir went into partnership with his father-in-law, Dr. John Strentzel , and for ten years directed most of his energy into managing this large fruit ranch. His wife understood his needs, and after seeing his restlessness at the ranch would sometimes "shoo him back up" to the mountains.
He sometimes took his daughters with him. His grandson Ross Hanna lived until , when he died at age During his lifetime John Muir published over articles and 12 books. He co-founded the Sierra Club , which helped establish a number of national parks after he died. Today the club has over 2. Muir has been called the "patron saint of the American wilderness" and its "archetypal free spirit. Robert Underwood Johnson , editor of Century Magazine , which published many of Muir's articles, states that he influenced people's appreciation of nature and national parks, which became a lasting legacy:.
The world will look back to the time we live in and remember the voice of one crying in the wilderness and bless the name of John Muir. He sung the glory of nature like another Psalmist, and, as a true artist, was unashamed of his emotions. His countrymen owe him gratitude as the pioneer of our system of national parks. Muir's writings and enthusiasm were the chief forces that inspired the movement. All the other torches were lighted from his.
Muir exalted wild nature over human culture and civilization, believing that all life was sacred. Turner describes him as "a man who in his singular way rediscovered America. He did so by describing the natural world as "a conductor of divinity," and his writings often made nature synonymous with God. California celebrates John Muir Day on April 21 each year. Muir was the first person honored with a California commemorative day when legislation signed in created John Muir Day, effective from onward.
John Muir was featured on two U. A 5-cent stamp issued on April 29, , was designed by Rudolph Wendelin , and showed Muir's face superimposed on a grove of redwood trees, and the inscription, "John Muir Conservationist". A cent stamp issued on February 3, , was part of the " Celebrate the Century " series, and showed Muir in Yosemite Valley, with the inscription "John Muir, Preservationist". A quotation of his appears on the reverse side of the Indianapolis Prize Lilly Medal for conservation. The John Muir Trust is a Scottish charity established as a membership organisation in to conserve wild land and wild places.
It has more than 11, members internationally. The John Muir Birthplace Charitable Trust is a Scottish charity whose aim is to support John Muir's birthplace in Dunbar and develop it as an interpretative centre focused on Muir's work. Muirite a mineral , Erigeron muirii , Carlquistia muirii two species of aster , Ivesia muirii a member of the rose family , Troglodytes troglodytes muiri a wren , Ochotona princeps muiri a pika , Thecla muirii a butterfly , and Amplaria muiri a millipede were all named after John Muir.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. This article is about the Scottish-American naturalist.
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For other people of the same name, see John Muir disambiguation. Dunbar , East Lothian , Scotland. Los Angeles , California , U. Louisa Strentzel m.