- A Late Divorce
- About this book
- All Alba Saro Tua (I Romanzi Passione) PDF complete - DenzilAaron
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Se cercate una lettura non impegnativa, spiritosa e principesca fateci un pensierino! Punto di vista: prima persona di Daisy. Caratteristiche : principesco, divertente, dolce.
A Late Divorce
Stile narrativo : scorrevole. Tipo di finale : conclusivo. Beyond its encyclopedic farrago of scientific and philosophical meditations, Icosameron establishes a well known imaginative pattern: two young protagonists brother and sister discover an Underground world where total harmony governs the lives of the Megamicri "Big-Littles". This gigantic work the first edition was published in 5 volumes is full of descriptions and explanations of physical principles, of the rules of the Megamicri's government and social organization, of their biology and customs, and of their fantastic inventions; including locomotion without the use of draught animals.
Italian Romanticism was not deeply involved in the industrial and scientific upheavals of the nineteenth century. The main literary problems of Italy were connected with the struggle for national independence, achieved in , and the need for a common language. All the same, the major Italian Romantic poet Giacomo Leopardi , inspired by the example of Galileo Galilei , did deal with the relationship between the scientific and the literary imagination, as shown in the fabulous scenery of some of his Operette morali coll ; preferred trans Patrick Creagh as Moral Tales One of the most fascinating operette is the dialogue between the anatomist Federico Ruysch and his mummies, reborn at the beginning of a new cosmic cycle "Dialogo di Federico Ruysch e delle sue mummies" ["Federico Ruysch's Dialogue with His Mummies"] ; while "Proposta di premi fatta dall'accademia dei sillografi" ["Proposal for Prizes Presented at Sillos Writers Academy"] elaborates the — sourly Satirical — proposal to replace defective mankind with automata in work and in sentimental and intellectual occupations.
Although Italy had neither a Jules Verne nor an H G Wells , the end of the nineteenth century did offer a minor literature of extraordinary journeys into the future, such as Storia filosofica dei secoli futuri fin all'anno E. In this work of fiction — a "fantastic essay", not a novel — Nievo, who would become famous for the patriotic novel Le confessioni di un italiano ["Confessions of an Italian"] , describes the future social, political and technological future of humanity, from to Among other things, Nievo's Storia filosofica predicted two world wars, a farmers' revolution, the invention and production of artificial homunculi, and the End of the World.
A decade later came Dalla Terra alle stelle.
Viaggio meraviglioso di due italiani ed un francese ["From the Earth to the Stars. Wonderful Voyage of two Italians and a Frenchman"] by Ulisse Grifoni , a writer who also published serialized science fiction novels in La Domenica del Corriere , supplement of one of the principal Italian national newspapers — Il Corriere della Sera , published in Milan. Mantegazza, neurologist, physiologist, anthropologist, consultant and editor for one of the most important Italian publishers at that time — Treves, in Milan — was also a writer, mainly of scientific popularization articles and essays, and, to a lesser degree, of fiction.
His other main work of fiction, the non-sf novel Testa ["Head"] , is an interesting sequel to Edmondo De Amicis' famous patriotic novel Cuore ["Heart"] The enormously popular Emilio Salgari , creator of a series featuring the Malayan pirate Sandokan , also published futuristic tales such as La meraviglie del duemila ["The Marvels of the Year "] , Duemila leghe sotto l'America ["20, Leagues Under America"] , Alla conquista della Luna ["The Conquest of the Moon"] , Il re dell'aria ["The King of the Air"] Futuristic and adventurous elements were also a staple feature of Enrico Novelli's fiction.
Novelli , who published under the pseudonym Yambo, was a journalist and illustrator, and author of a succession of novels for young people which enjoyed great success in his day. His main characters explored underwater worlds Due anni in velocipede ["Two Years by Velocipede"] ; Atlantide ["Atlantis"] see Under the Sea ; traveled to remote, imaginary countries Capitan Fanfara. The Moon is colonized in La colonia lunare ["The Lunar Colony"] ; more prosaically, his heroes are also quite happy, in La rivincita di Lissa ["The Retaking of Lissa"] , to reconquer for Italy the territories on Dalmatia's Adriatic coast which had been lost to the Austrian Empire in The Futurists' love of Machines , technological progress, and new means of Transportation in their narratives, might justify including them in a history of the genre, with novels such as Filippo Tommaso Marinetti 's Mafarka le futuriste: Roman Africain ; trans Steve Cox and Carol Diethe as Mafarka the Futurist: An African Novel ; given this literary and artistic movement's later strong attachment to Mussolini's regime, its function in any genre history will almost certainly remain admonitory.
Fantasy, both in the Gothic form and in the sphere of the wonderful and the whimsical, appeals to the modern Italian reader much more than the cognitive rhetoric of Genre SF ; this is certainly why Giacinto Spagnoletti a well known scholar of Italian literature, labelled native sf "neo-fantastico". The tradition is a long one.
Much later, the "metaphysical" fiction of Massimo Bontempelli , whose Eva ultima ["The Ultimate Eve"] was inspired by De Chirico's painting; and, more recently, echoes of Scapigliatura can be detected in the hallucinatory world of Dino Buzzati 's short stories and his novel of military life in a forgotten fortress, Il deserto dei Tartari ; trans Stuart C Hood as The Tartar Steppe During the first decades of the Twentieth century sf narratives — not labelled as such, but clearly ascribable to the genre — appeared in Comic books: American heroes such as Flash Gordon were featured in magazines for children such as L'Avventuroso ["The Adventurer"], often "Italianized" to please the Fascist censorship.
Important examples of a national production include Saturno contro la Terra ["Saturn against the Earth"] , created by Cesare Zavattini future scriptwriter of many masterpieces directed by Vittorio De Sica, Michelangelo Antonioni, Elio Petri , and illustrated by Federico Pedrocchi , which was serialized in various Mondadori publications starting in the magazine I tre porcellini ["The Three Little Pigs"] and was translated in the US by Future Comics Many stories with early sf elements Robots , strange Scientists and their fantastic Inventions , Aliens , etc. Critics identify the creation of "true" sf in Italy only from the period after World War Two.
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Much of this specialized sf was arguably not culturally Italian, being heavily influenced by the US-UK canon as enthusiastically presented by publishers, notably the Romanzi di Urania series published since by Arnoldo Mondadori under the editorship of Giorgio Monicelli. The reasons why, in spite of the presence of the above-mentioned Italian sf precursors, after the Second World War sf was perceive in Italy essentially as a foreign — Anglo-American — matter, are complex.
In terms of industrial development, Italy was a late and slower starter compared to England and America. World War Two took a toll on the publishing industry, with a hiatus in the s, and only during the "economic miracle" of the s were most people first able to buy a comic book, a weekly magazine or a cinema ticket. Sf translations were also part of a broader cultural influence of the US, clearly connected to the central position of the US in the global economy as well as its political situation after the conflict.
In fact, some measure of American dominance in sf publications was common in many other European countries during the same years.
All Alba Saro Tua (I Romanzi Passione) PDF complete - DenzilAaron
In Italy, however, there were also specific cultural circumstances which worked against the success of sf. Italian literary criticism in the early twentieth century was dominated by the philosophy of Idealismo ["idealism"] as promulgated by Benedetto Croce , which tended to penalize narrative in general, saw popular genres as inferior forms of literature and undervalued the hard sciences and technology as second-class forms of knowledge.
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At the other end of the scale, Marxist criticism was openly suspicious of a narrative form perceived as a consequence of American cultural colonization, not produced within the working classes, but produced for them in a top-down process, and with the ultimate aim of entertainment: in other words, an opium of the people. The very fact that the Italian word fantascienza was coined as a translation of the English term "science fiction" is emblematic.
Giorgio Monicelli , the inventor of the term, had been a self-taught translator from French and English since the s. An avid reader of the American pulp magazines that came from overseas, he created in the first Italian sf magazine, Urania , for the Mondadori publishing house in Milan, taking as his model Horace L Gold 's Galaxy. The publisher came up with the idea of launching a series of novels to be sold at news-stands alongside the magazine, to be called I Romanzi di Urania ["Urania's Novels"].
Fourteen issues of the original magazine Urania , with the subtitle "Avventure nell'universo e nel tempo" ["Adventures through Space and Time"] were published, between November and December , featuring short stories, serializations, articles and columns. Articles and columns, in particular, showed an idea of science fiction close to other popular genres and imageries mysterious archaeology, curiosities, enigmas, philosophies and doctrines from the far East , while the models for the editorial formula and sources for works of fiction were the American Astounding and especially Galaxy : out of 78 stories published in Urania , 56 were translations from that journal.
One year after its first appearance, the magazine ceased.
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The closing down of the original Urania can be partly traced back to the distinction and sophistication of the selected fiction: while in the US sf readers came to Galaxy after reading other publications in the previous decades, Italian readers were approaching the genre for the first time. Another reason was probably the major success of I Romanzi di Urania , with Monicelli editing both publications on his own — from the choice of texts to proof reading. In June the series left aside "I Romanzi di" from its title and became simply Urania.
Thanks to the combination of inspired choices on the part of the editor and Mondadori's influence in terms of production and distribution, an international canon of sf and collective imagery arrived in Italy, and in the early s, published weekly or fortnightly, the series sold around , copies per issue. While a few works were translated from French, only eleven of the first issues included complete novels by Italian authors.
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