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Dames du XIIe siècle (Bibliothèque des histoires) (French Edition)

  1. 12.91a FYI France Resource List:
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  4. DAMES DU XIIEME SIECLE. : Tome 1, Héloïse, Aliénor, Iseut et quelques autres

She is named as wife of Acfred in their son's grant to Cluny dated 2 Oct , her origin being deduced from his reference to " …avunculis meis Wilelmo et Guarino… " in the same document [25]. He is called " domno illustrissimo marchione Alvernorum et comite Matisconensi " in his charter dated Dec [30]. Will dated 11 Oct He succeeded as Comte d'Auvergne. Poitou was captured by the forces of Eudes King of France, who gave the county to his brother Robert although the latter was expelled by Comte Aimar [39]. He was recognised as Comte du Limousin in [40].

On the other hand, a charter dated was confirmed by " Guillelmus comes…post mortem patris sui " [44]. He was appointed lay abbot of Saint-Hilaire-de-Poitiers in Jan [49]. Comte d'Auvergne et de Limoges He abdicated in , and became a monk at Saint-Cyprien de Poitiers [54]. He swore homage in to Raoul de Bourgogne King of France, who rewarded him by appointing him Duke of Aquitaine [55] , Comte d'Auvergne and with the territory of the Marquisate of Gothie. He was also the suzerain lord of the counties of Carcassonne, Albigeois, Rouergue and Quercy.

The distinction between " fratris " and germani " in this charter indicates that Genese was born from an earlier marriage of his father. Vicomte d'Auvergne. Biliomo " to Sauxillanges, for the souls of " Stephani episcopus Willelmi fratris eius Aucende uxoris eiusdem domni Widoni " [95]. The cartulary of Paray-le-Monial includes a charter undated of " in pago Claromontensi Bertrannus vicecomes Arvernensis " []. Aucende uxoris eiusdem domni Widoni " []. Abbot of Conques. Bishop of Clermont. He founded Saint-Germain, Lambron in The primary source which confirms his parentage has not yet been identified.

This charter does not explain the relationship between the three main donors. However, it is possible that they are two brothers and their sister-in-law who are confirming the donations of their deceased brother, father of the two named children. The charter dated Feb refers to "[ avunculus meus ]…[ Austorgius ]" in two separate parts of the text.

It is possible that these refer to two different individuals of the same name, although this is not without doubt. One possible interpretation is that one set of " avunculi " were paternal uncles and the other maternal. However, it seems unlikely that Bishop Etienne would have had uncles with the unusual name Eustorge on both sides of his family. Whatever the solution, both sets of uncles are shown here separately. It appears that the document is dated too late for him to have been Eustorge [I].

Seigneur de Thiern. La Mure does not cite the primary source on which this assertion is based, although it would appear that he is indicating the same Matfred who is named in the charters dated and It is possible that Etienne was the son one of one of the above-named brothers. Etienne [II] Bishop of Clermont donated property to Saint-Julien de Brioude for the souls of " …Austorgii avunculi mei et filiorum eius Austorgii et Vuillelmi, et etiam Rotberti abbatis " by charter dated Feb [].

Her marriage is confirmed by the undated charter under which her son " Willelmus " donated property " in villa…Badaonus in vicaria Nonatensi " to Sauxillanges, for the souls of " genitorum meorum Eustorgii et Blithiardis et fratris mei Eustorgii " []. The name of Armand's wife is not known. Archbishop of Lyon. It is assumed that Robert was related to this family but there is no indication what the precise relationship may have been. The primary source which confirms the parentage of Comte Guillaume has not been identified.

Baluze states that he was the brother of Comte Guy but cites no primary source on which this statement is based []. He is named in charters of his wife quoted below. Stephani, Rotberti, Willelmi, Widoni The Flandria Generosa names " Ermengardis comitissa Arvenensis " as sister of " Constantia regina Francorum ", when outlining the basis for the consanguinity between their great-great-grandchildren, Baudouin VII Count of Flanders and [Hawise] de Bretagne, which provided the grounds for the couple's separation []. It has been assumed in many secondary sources [] that this passage means that "Ermengarde" was the full sister of Queen Constance who was the third wife of Robert II King of France and therefore that she was the daughter of Guillaume [II] Comte de Provence by his second marriage to Adelais d'Anjou.

However, this is chronologically impossible. Even if this date is inaccurate, the estimated birth date of Ermengarde junior's eldest son is [], and the marriage of her daughter is dated to although the chronology suggests that this may have been an infant betrothal or marriage. Assuming that there is a degree of accuracy in these three dates, the daughter of "Ermengarde" Ctss d'Auvergne could not have been born later than [] at the latest. This places the birth of "Ermengarde" senior to [] at the very latest, about five years before Adelais's marriage to Guillaume Comte de Provence.

However, this raises yet more difficulties. Assuming that the " nepotes " of Comte Pons are named in order of seniority in the charter, " Vuillelmi " would have been the youngest brother.

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No other reference has been to found to his assumed older brothers Etienne and Robert. If this is correct, it would raise doubts about the use of the title " vicecomes " in the charter, as their father would still have been at the height of his power. If this is correct, "Ermengarde" would in fact have been "Humberge", who, as shown above, is named in other primary sources as the wife of Comte Guillaume. The name of Comte Robert [I]'s wife is not known. As explained above under his mother Humberge, it is unlikely that she was Ermengarde, daughter of Adelais d'Anjou, either by her first husband Etienne de Brioude or by her fourth husband Guillaume [II] Comte de Provence.

Comte d'Auvergne et de Clermont. Comte d'Auvergne et de Gevaudan. Etienne is placed first in the list of subscribers, after his supposed mother, presumably because of his ecclesiastical position. The charter does not specify the relationship between the subscribers and the donor. However, the names suggest that they were her sons. If that is correct, Guy may have been her youngest son. As discussed above under her assumed mother Humberge, less chronological difficulties result if Ermengarde was in fact the daughter of Guillaume [IV] Comte d'Auvergne.

The date of her marriage is fixed by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines which names " comitissam Turonensem Ermengardem " as wife of " Odonem Campaniensem comitem " when recording in their joint restoration of " Turonis maioris monasterii " []. A charter dated records that " Rothbertus comes et eius uxor Berta, filia Ugonis Rutenensis comitis " donated " abbatiam sancti Amancii " to Saint-Victor, Marseille [].

Ctss de Rouergue et de Gevaudun. She became a nun at Saint-Pierre de Cornillon, Grenoble after her husband died []. Nun at La Chaise-Dieu. Comte d'Auvergne et de Velay. Malaterra names " filiam eius…Emmam…de prima uxore Judicta " when recording that her father arranged her marriage to Philippe I King of France, in return for a generous dowry, not knowing that the king was still married to Bertha of Holland.

She left for France, but when the king's marital status came to light, the dowry was sent back to Sicily and her marriage to the Comte de Clermont was arranged by her brother-in-law Raymond de Saint-Gilles []. Baluze is extremely sceptical about the reliability of these statements and suggests that the "comte de Clermont" in question may have been a member of the Clermont [Chiaramonte] family which is recorded from the early 12th century in southern Italy [].

Emma married [secondly] Rodolfo Macabeo Conte di Montescaglioso. The name of Robert's wife is not known. His parentage is confirmed by the record of the elevation of the relics of St Austremoine in Mauzac abbey, dated 10 Apr , which names " Robertum Claromontensem episcopum " and " W. Prior at Brioude. Baluze traces this hypothesis to a source printed in but is sceptical about its accuracy [].

However, if this is correct it is unclear why Guillaume Comte de Rodez would have appointed as his heir a maternal relative in preference to a more remote connection through his paternal line. A charter dated records an agreement between the abbot of Saint-Michel de Cluse, Piemonte and " comiti Roberto " []. The Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines names " sorore ducis Burgundie " as wife of " Roberti [comitis Alvernie] " but does not name her []. Dame de Limais, by grant as dowry. The primary source which confirms her name has not yet been identified.

Her place of burial is confirmed by the 24 Feb O. His parentage, and the fact that he succeeded his father, is confirmed by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines which records that " Robertus frater Guilelmi et Guidonis comitum Alvernie " was installed as Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in []. His parentage is confirmed by the Chronicle of Alberic de Trois-Fontaines which records that " Robertus frater Guilelmi et Guidonis comitum Alvernie " was installed as Bishop of Clermont in Auvergne in [].

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Comte d'Auvergne et de Vic-le-Comte. Comte de Rodez The testament of " Robertus…prime Lugdunensis ecclesie archiepiscopus ", dated Jun , appointed " nepotem nostrum Hugonem episcopum Claromontensem et Guidonem fratrem eius archidiaconum Lugdunensem… " []. Archdeacon of Lyon. Nun at "Las Chasas" Bishop of Clermont Archbishop of Lyon The Chronicon Bernardi Iterii records the death in of " uxor Guidonis comitis Lemovicensis, que fuit soror comitis Arvernorum " []. The parentage of Robert de Clermont is uncertain.

The charter dated Apr , which identifies him as " avunculus " of Hugues Prior of Sauxillanges, appears to be the only document on which speculation about his ancestry can be based. The Oude Kronik van Brabant names " Mariam, conthoralem Ottonis Quartus Romanorum imperatoris, Aleydam comitissam Auernie, Margaretam comitissam Gerardi comitis Ghelrie et Mechteldim, primo quidem comitissam Palatinam Rheni, postea…comitissam Hollandie " as the daughters of " Henricus…primus, dux Lotharingie " and his wife " Mechteldim, filiam Mathei Boloniensis comitis " [].

An inscription in the church at Mechelen " antiqua ecclesia majoris Begginagii Mechliniensis " records the deaths of its founders, 19 May of " Maria vidua D. Henrici domini de Breda et de Bergis " []. Comte de Boulogne The primary source which confirms her parentage and marriage has not yet been identified.

She is not named by Baluze []. Bishop of Tournai Bishop of Cambrai The marriage contract between " Stephanus dominus Montis S. Joannis et Stephanus de Monte S. Nun at Fontevraud. Provost of Bruges. Johannam filiam quondam domini Johannis de Claromonte quondam domini de Charolais nunc uxorem dicti Johannis " []. Matildi de Bolonia Philipe de Bourgoingne [son] fils Jehanne de Bouloingne [sa] fille She was regent of the duchy and county of Burgundy and the seigneurie de Salins, for her son by her first marriage, until her death.

A charter dated May recognised property of " Guillaume comte de Boulogne " granted to " Jehan, Guy, Robert et Godefroy ses freres et a Mahaut et Marguerite ses seurs " []. Comte de Montfort. He was created Duke of Auvergne in Dame de Saint-Just en Langle, Champagne.

Duke of Auvergne , Comte de Boulogne. Duchess of Auvergne , Ctss de Boulogne. Grand Chamberlain of France. The marriage contract between " Raymundum filium Guillelmi vicecomitis de Torena " and " Mariam de Bolonia filiam Cardinalis ", dated 25 Dec , appoints " germanos meos Johannem comitem et Godefridum de Bolonia fratres meos " as his heirs, makes bequests to " Matildim de Bolonia comitissam Gebennensem sororem meam Petrum eius filium nepotem meum Cardinalis " []. His place of burial is confirmed by the testament of his brother Jean see above. Seigneur de Montgascon.

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Seigneur de Roche-Savine. The marriage contract between " Bernardus comes Ventodorensis Johanna dicti domini comitis filia " and " dominus Guodafredus de Boulonia dominus Montisgasconis " is dated 3 Aug []. His parentage is confirmed by his marriage contract dated Jan quoted below.

The marriage contract between " Godafredus de Bolonia dominus Montisgasconis Antonio de Bolonia eius filio impubere " and " dominus Guillelmus Flote dominus de Revello The primary source which confirms her parentage has not yet been identified. Nun at Moncel. Michele della Chiusa " for the dowry of " Maria Loro figlia future Sposa di Filippo Principe d'Acaia ", to be returned in case she died []. Cardinalis ", dated 25 Dec , makes bequests to " Matildim de Bolonia comitissam Gebennensem sororem meam MARIE -after Cardinalis ", dated 25 Dec , makes bequests to "..

His parentage is confirmed by the two marriage contracts of his sister Louise, quoted below. Seigneur de la Tour. The marriage contract between " Bertrand seigneur de la Tour et de Montgascon et Bertrand de la Tour son fils " and " madamoiselle Jacquette du Peschin fille et heritiere de feu messire Loys du Peschin en son vivant chevalier et seigneur du Peschin " is dated 20 Oct []. Gabriele de la Tour [sa] fille Crequy " is dated 13 Jun [].

Abbess of Cusset. The necrology of Cusset records the donation made by " domina Blanchia de Turre abbatissa Cuciaci " for four anniversaries []. The marriage contract between " Guillaume monsieur de Bretaigne frere Ysabeau de la Tour [sa] fille It is assumed that this marriage did not proceed. Godefroy de la Tour en son vivant chevalier seigneur de Montgascon Godefredi de Turre dum viveret militis domini de Montesgasconis relictam tam suo quam ut Godefroy de la Tour en son vivant chevalier Baron et seigneur Anthonia de Polignac sa consorte " as her heirs [].

Jean de la Tour premier mary de ladite dame Catherine de Polignac " concerning her dower by charter dated 24 Jan O. Dame de Montgascon. Godefroy de Boulogne quand vivoit seigneur dudit Montgascon et Anne de Beaufort veufve dudit feu Monseigneur Godefroy " is dated 26 Aug []. She succeeded her mother in as markiezin van Bergen op Zoom. Knight of Malta. He transferred his rights of seniority to his younger brother. Archbishop of Tours Archbishop of Vienne Cardinal Markies van Bergen op Zoom. Markiezin van Bergen op Zoom. He succeeded his father in as Pfalzgraf und Herzog von Sulzbach.

A charter dated records an agreement between the bishop of Clermont and " Willelmus Claromontis comes filius Roberti comitis " []. Her parentage has not yet been ascertained. As noted above, this document has been judged spurious and probably dated to the 15th century, which means that this supposed first marriage of Guillaume [VII] is in doubt. Comte de Clermont The necrology of Clermont cathedral records the death " XI Kal Apr " of " Delfinus comes ", and records his donation []. The testament of " G. If that is correct, his relationship with the Comtes de Clermont has not been identified.

It appears from the following document that the county of Montferrand was the same as the county of Clermont. Comte de Clermont. A charter dated Oct records the settlement of a dispute between " Philippam relictam…Guillelmi quondam comitis Claromontensis et Robertum de Corcellis maritum eius " and " R.

The date of this document is suspect. Dame de Montferrand et d'Herment. The marriage contract between " Guillelmus comes Claremontensis…Katerinam filiam meam " and " Guichardo domino Montispancerii " is dated Feb and provides for " Monteferrando…et…Hermanto et Monteil et Trancoc " as dowry []. Guichardi de Bellojoco " [].

Her parentage and marriage are indicated by the charter dated under which " Delphinus comes Claromontensis " granted rights " in castro de Salazuit " to " Pontio vicecomiti Poligniaci filio Pontii quondam vicecomitis Poliniaci nepotis nostri " []. A second testament of " Rotbertus Dalphini comes Claromontensis ", dated 2 Apr , names " Rotbertum et Dalphinum…filios nostros…Haelis filia nostra uxor Eustachii de Montebuccerio " []. She became a nun at Fontevrault after the death of her husband.

The testament of " Robertus Delfini comes Claromontensis ", dated [Mar] , appoints " Robertum filium meum primogenitum " as his heir []. The testament of " Robertus comes Claromontensis ", dated Nov , appoints " Robertum filium nostrum primogenitum " as his heir []. The marriage contract between " Rotbertus Delphini comes Claromontensis…Mateldim sororem " and " Guillelmus Comptoris domicellus filius quondam domini Guillelmi Comptoris militis " is dated Jun [].

The Voice of a Twelfth-Century Woman

The testament of " Robertus comes Claromontensis ", dated Nov , makes bequests to " …Hugonem Delphini fratrem nostrum " []. The marriage contract between " Beraudus dominus de Mercolio…Alixent filia sua " and " Eraclius de Montelauro junior…Ponceto filio suo " is dated 16 Dec [], and names " domina Margarita mater dicti Heraclii…Eraclius et Poncius et Guido fratres predicti " [].

He does not provide the primary source reference for the document. The testament of " Alixens comitissa Claromontensis ", dated Jun , appoints " Guillelmum et Johannem filios meos " as her heirs []. Seigneur de Montrognon. A charter dated [Feb] O. Nun at Megemont, Auvergne. Abbess of Megemont. A charter dated Mar records an agreement between " Robertus Delphini comes Claromontensis " and " Dalphina…abbatissa monasterii Medii montis Cisterciensis ordinis Claromontensis diocesis " concerning certain properties []. Seigneur de Jaligny et de Saint-Ilpize.

A charter dated 31 Mar O. She married thirdly before Guy de Bourbon Seigneur de Clessy. Ysabeaux de Chastel le Perron femme doudit Monss. Robert Dalphin, mons. Girart de Bourbon, mons. Hugues Dalphin, mons. Guillaume de Bourbon, mons. Philibert de Lespinace chevaliers, Johan de Bourbon Seigneur de Saint-Ilpize et de Combronde. Under a new testament, dated Feb O. Her relationship, if any, with the heirs of the seigneurie de Montpensier has not been traced. Nun at Beaumont. Roberti Daulphins de sancto Ilpidio et de Jalligniaco quondam domini et The primary source which confirms her parentage and two marriages has not been identified.

The testament of " Hugo Delphini canonicus Claromontensis ", dated Oct , appoints " Robertum Delphini nepotem meum " as his heir and makes other bequests to " alios filios masculos Roberti Delphini quondam fratris mei germani " []. Robert [III] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:.

The marriage contract between " Daulphinet premier filz de Robert Comte de Clermont " and " Anne de Poitiers fille de Aymard Comte de Valentinois " is dated and confirms that his father granted him " les Chastellenies de S. Ilpize, de Vieille-Brioude et de Leothoing " []. Seigneur de Meilhaud et de Rochefort The marriage contract between " Bertrandus dominus de Turre miles et Guido de Turre domicellus eius filius…domicellam Ysabellam de Turre filiam…eiusdem domini de Turre " and " dominus Amedeus Delphini miles dominus de Rupeforti " is dated 14 Nov [].

An undated charter records the marriage of " Beraud Dauphin Seigneur de Rochefort " and " Agnes fille de feu Pierre seigneur de Bellefaye " in and the dowry agreed by " Guillaume seigneur de Bellefaye son frere " []. Jean [I] had one illegitimate child by an unknown mistress:. JEAN -after 10 Jun JEAN -after The primary sources which confirm her two marriages have not been identified. The marriage contract between " Domini Roberti Dalphini militis domini Ruynarum et de Melzenio " and " domina Catharina de Velcia uxor quondam…relicta nobilis quondam viri domini Utini de Vermelles quondam militis " is dated Oct [].

She is named in the charter dated May which records the legitimation of her son. Robert had one illegitimate child by Mistress 1 :.

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A charter dated May records the legitimation of " Floridas Dalphini filius naturalis…Rotberti Dalphini militis et Ysabellis Rosseta…in duplici adulterio…ex conjugato et muliere conjugata genitus " and " domina Catharina de Velcia uxor quondam…relicta nobilis quondam viri domini Utini de Vermelles quondam militis " is dated Oct []. Marguerite " relating to the dower of Marguerite []. The testament of " Guido comes Forensis ", dated 16 Dec , bequeathes property to " Johannam…filiam meam " in connection with her marriage to " comitem dalphinum Alvernie " [].

Ctss de Sancerre. Ctss de Forez Louis Duc de Bourbon transferred his rights in the county of Forez to his wife by charter dated 5 Jan []. Dauphine de Clermont The testament of " Johanna de Bourbonio comitissa Forensis, filiaque…domini Ludovici ducis Borbonii, comitis Claromontis et Marchie, et domine Marie Heynaut, coniugem, relicta…domini Guidonis comitis Forensis quondam ", dated 13 Jun , bequeathed property to " dominum ducem Bourboni, comitem Claromontensem et Forensem, et Annam Dalphinam, duchissam Bourbonii, nepotem et filiam meos ", and founded an anniversary for " domine Margarite de Sabbadia…sororgie mee, quondam consortis…fratris mei domini Reynaudi de Foresio " [].

Comte de Sancerre. Joannis de Britannia " []. JEAN -before LOUIS -before Bishop of Chartres Bishop of Albi Abbesse de Saint-Menehould. Another document dated 26 Jul relates to the same dispute []. According to Boudet, the seigneurs de Baffie were descendants of the same vicecomital family who were ancestors of the vicomtes de Polignac.

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Boudet cites no primary sources which confirm all these suggested family connections []. The family names, especially Dalmas, indicate that such relationships are possible. An undated charter records that " domnus Willelmus de Bafia Claromontensis episcopus " objected to claims to " terram S. Petri " and that after his death " domnus Willelmus nepos eius prepositus de Podio…cum fratre suo…Silvid " renounced these claims " apud Calcidos Montes ", witnessed by " …Odilo de Bafia… " [].

Bishop of Clermont 3 Apr , until Pardulfi " to Sauxillanges by undated charter, dated to , signed by " Willelmi episcopi, Stephani eius consanguinei et Celsiniensium prioris… " []. Bishop of Clermont , deprived Writing about the dead. Remembering women. Part II: Wives and concubines: 1.

The genealogy of a eulogy.

DAMES DU XIIEME SIECLE. : Tome 1, Héloïse, Aliénor, Iseut et quelques autres

The trouble with women. The context. The witness. Mother goddesses. The couple. Mary Magdalen. Soredamors and Fenice. The Sins of Women. The Fall. Speaking to Women. From these genealogical works a picture emerges of the lives these women led, the values they held, and the way in which they were viewed by the ecclesiastical and chivalric writers who immortalized them. The first section of the text outlines the ways in which the dead - in both memory and legend - served to bond noble society in the 12th century, Drawing on the "Gesta" by Dudo of Saint Quentin, the second section reflects on the roles that wives, concubines, and other women played during times of war and in the great exchanges of power that established the grand lineages of the Middle Ages.

The final part of the book reconstructs women as wives, mothers and widows through the work of Lambert, Priest of Ardres. Focusing on medieval notions of women and love, the author studies women's biographies and analyzes how female characters were treated in fable and legend, pointing to the social and political forces at work in these representations. The historical personages include Eleanor of Aquitane, whose several marriages brought her wealth and autonomy; the virtuous Heloise; and the visionary Juette.

The book also considers the literary figures of St Marie-Madeleine, a composite figure who personified the essential female traits of frailty, ardent love and evangelicism; Iseult, literary beloved of Tristan; and two other emblematic figures, Doree d'Amour and Phenix - women who became ladies through chivalrous love. The book seeks to offer new insights on courtly love and the representations of women under medieval patriarchy. Georges Duby bases his account here on a twelfth-century genre which commemorated the virtues of noblewomen who had died, and the roles they had played in the history of their lineage.

From these genealogical works a vivid picture emerges of the lives these women led, the values they held, and the way in which they were viewed by the priest and knights who wrote about them. The first section outlines the way in which the dead, and the memory and tales of the dead, served to bond noble society in the twelfth century. The second draws on the Gesta, written by Dudo of Saint Quentin, and reflects on what it tells us about the roles ascribed to wives and concubines and women, in war and in power.

The third and final section reconstructs women as wives, mothers and widows through the work of Lambert, Priest of Ardres. This book is part of a three-volume work on women in the Middle Ages. It will be of great interest to students and researchers in medieval history, social history and women's history. By the twelfth century, the Church had begun to take the role and expectations of women seriously, and the clerical writings discussed in this work address the particular issues that emerged from this development. In the first chapter, 'The Sins of Women', Duby concentrates on the sins deemed to be particular to women amongst others these include sorcery, disobedience, and licentiousness and focuses especially on the male fear of female sexuality and magic.

The second chapter is based on twelfth-century commentaries on the chapters in Genesis dealing with Eve's role in the fall from grace in the Garden of Eden. Interpreting these writings, and the earlier writings upon which they were based, Duby shows how they reflect the reasoning behind the view held of women as unstable, curious, and frivolous creatures. The third section is based on letters written by clerics to women of noble status and nuns. Here, while the charges of instability and frivolousness are once again levelled at women, their praise is also sung for their marital and motherly values.

The final section concentrates solely on the most famous text of this period by Andreas Capellanus De Amore , and sets it within the context of the supposed twelfth-century discovery of love and the courtly love tradition. As the third and last part of Duby's three-volume study of the lives of French noblewomen of the twelfth century, this book confirms the author as one of the greatest historians of the Middle Ages.

It will be of great interest to students and researchers of medieval history and women's history, as well as anyone interested in the historical relationship between women and the Church. Focusing on France in the twelfth century, Duby recreates the image of women that the men of high society made for themselves. Using written evidence from the period - official texts written by men, all intended for public consumption and reading aloud - he tells the story of six very different women.

These women - fictional and real, religious and secular - range from famous historical figures such as Eleanor of Aquitaine and H, through Mary Magdalen, whose cult grew throughout the twelfth century, to Soredamors and Fenice, the heroines of Clig, the romance of Chr de Troyes. Duby sets all of these women within their historical context, using their personalities to explore the characteristics of female existence during this period.

He discusses relations between the sexes, including marriage and different types of love, and shows how women were feared, mistrusted and, sometimes, admired by men. He vividly reconstructs the French nobility's system of values, examining the place assigned to women within this system.

He argues that men's attitudes to women began to change in the twelfth century and that women began imperceptibly to extricate themselves from masculine power. This important book - the first of three volumes on women in the Middle Ages - will be of interest to a wide readership. F7 D B V. Paris : Gallimard, Description Book — xxvi, p. D93 Available. An , an : sur les traces de nos peurs []. Paris : Textuel, c F2 D78 Available. Dames du XII. Summary 1. Eve et les pretres. D 1 Unknown HQ D 2 Unknown HQ D 3 Unknown. Paris : Seuil, c H55 F Unknown. Description Video — 1 videocassette ca.

History continues []. Histoire continue. Chicago : University of Chicago Press, Summary In this autobiography, Georges Duby looks back on a career that has led him to be called one of the most distinguished historians in the Western world. Since its beginning in the s, Duby's career has been rich and varied, encompassing economic history, social history, the history of mentalites, art history, microhistory, urban history, the history of women and sexuality and, most recently, the Church's influence on feudal society.

In retracing this singular career path, Duby candidly remembers his life's most formative influences, including the historians Marc Bloch and Lucien Febvre, the Annales School so closely associated with them, and the College de France. Duby also offers insights about the proper methods of gathering and using archival data and on constructing penetrating interpretations of the documents. Indeed, his discussion of how he chose his subjects, collected his materials, developed the arguments, erected the scaffolding and constructed his theses offers the best introduction to the craft available to aspiring historians.

This book is both a memoir of one of this century's great scholars and a history of the French historical school since the midth century. Georges Duby, a member of the Academie francaise, for many years held the distinguished chair in medieval history at the College de France. D83 A3 Available. Love and marriage in the Middle Ages []. Cambridge : Polity Press, c Description Book — ix, p. Summary Part 1 Love and marriage: marriage in early medieval society-- what do we know about love in 12th-century France? Part 2 Family structures: family structures in the West during the Middle Ages-- an examination of aristocratic family structures in 11th-century France in relation to State structures-- Philip Augustus' France - Social changes in aristocratic circles.

Part 3 Culture, values and society: problems and methods in cultural history-- the history of value systems-- the Renaissance of the 12th century - audience and patronage-- observations of physical pain in the Middle Ages-- memories without historians-- heresies and societies in pre-industrial Europe between the 10th and 18th centuries.

It also argues that the structure of sexual relationships took its cue from the family and from feudalism. Duby reflects on general issues in the writing of cultural history, on the history of pain and heresy, and gives a personal view of the state of historical research in France over recent generations. Paris : Plon, c D82 Available. Passions communes : entretiens avec Philippe Sainteny []. Paris : Editions du Seuil, c Moyen Age Oxford, UK ; Cambridge, Mass. Blackwell, Summary Translator's Note. List of Maps. List of Genealogical Tables. Part I: The Inheritance The Empire. The Frankish People.

The Principalities. Part II: Lordship