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Oral and maxillofacial surgery
Are you sure you want to Yes No. Madhawi Alruwaily , General Dentist. Saniya Zia , Student at Institute of dental sciences. Show More. No Downloads.
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Submit Reset. Upload print screen Choose file. Share This Title. Flap, facial reconstruction, flap design, flap physiology, advancement flap, transposition flap, bilobed flap, axial pattern flap. Abstract Abstract The fundamental techniques of dermatosurgery are most commonly applied in the treatment of the lesions of skin and soft tissues. These bacteria cause inflammation of the tissues, resulting in sensitivity, bleeding, and pain. Left untreated, they can cause a host of problems including gum disease, loss of the tooth-supporting bone structure, and possibly even systemic whole-body problems.
When periodontal pockets develop, the first step in treating them is usually via cleaning and scaling also referred to as root debridement with a manual or ultrasonic instrument. If this isn't effective, then periodontal surgery is considered. Flap surgery isn't a cure for periodontal disease — but it helps create an environment that makes it easier to maintain your periodontal health.
And even if you're prone to gum disease, proper professional treatment and regular care at home can help keep your teeth healthy for as long as possible. One major objective of flap surgery is to eliminate or reduce the pocket itself.
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To access it, a flap-like incision is made in the gum tissue. This allows diseased tissue to be removed from inside the pocket, and provides access to the teeth's root surfaces for a thorough cleaning, which helps to eliminate harmful plaque and calculus tartar. This begins the healing process, which takes place rapidly. Another goal is the regeneration of periodontal ligament and bone tissue which may have been lost to the disease.
A variety of techniques may be used to accomplish this, including high-tech methods of bone grafting and chemicals referred to as growth factors. These approaches help restore the gums to their normal form and function, and promote the healthy and secure anchoring of teeth. Flap surgery is typically done under local anesthesia, sometimes accompanied by oral anti-anxiety medications; alternatively, it may be performed under intravenous conscious sedation.