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- The Satsuma Students in Britain : Andrew Cobbing :
- The Satsuma Students in Britain: Japan's Early Search for the Essence of the West'
Yamao wrote his letter to Brown recalling his days in Glasgow and telling his new missions in the new government. Yamao had to sent his letter to Matheson too. I shall be happy indeed under a kind Providence I may have been the means, while asking a favour of your Son, of doing him a good turn. My young folks in a […. They are going to write him a joint letter to ask him if he is so busy or so great as to have no time to remember old friends. I am glad we are to have the pleasure of soon seeing yourself and daughter - the weather is surely cool enough now - and a short time of good Glasgow smoke is often most beneficial to young ladies - I need hardly say how pleased we shall all be to see you at Hillhead - Moffatt is in September generally very cool and bracing but I quite expect you will find Glasgow to be [sufficient ].
When you have any further news from your son, I shall be delighted to hear. Gon-sho-jo is a post title of government officials of the early Meiji Government, and soon Yamao was promoted Gon-dai-sho , one rank higher than Gon-sho-jo. As Rev. McVean and Brown suggested, McVean made up his mind to fully support Yamao , who were taking responsibility of formation of the Public Works in McVean told to Yamao the significance of nationwide geodetic survey and mapping, and Yamao accepted his advice.
McVean and his wife resumed writing their diary in January 1, , and looked back on his appointment of the Public Works took place in last September as follows. He went to Yokasuka. C Letter to Dalgleish sent off today, dispatched two boxes of seeds and bulbs — by American mail — one to Papa and one to Dalgleish. Wrote to J. Cowan and to J. Craig by last mail I think. About the same time, George Eaton appointed asst teacher 27 Oct. McVean has another reason to write letter to James, and it was to ask him to take care of the Iwakura Mission in Scotland Fig.
For Public Works of India Colony, see the following books and articles. Although writing year and month were not specified in this dispatch, they should be November 18, Meiji 3, as Morel arranged his dispatch on January 8 Iwakura Mission. The mission was dispatched to the United States and Europe to study modern government system and policy from the end of to middle of Chapter 4 Building Affairs in the Public Works. As Tokyo railway terminal would be placed at Shinbashi , it was convenience to locate the Public Works Headquarter near Tsukuji for the Railway and Telegraphy Department.
But, for the Survey Department being in charge of survey and building, it was much better to have office near the Palace. Probably taken in the early , as the second child Donald Archibald was still small baby. In January 1, November 21, the Meiji 4 , the Empire made official visit to the Yokosuka Arsenal with some of oligarchic ministers and officials including Yamao.
This was one of starting up events of the Public Works. Technical School Buildings. Main function of the Engineering Institution was technical school, and Yamao and Edmund Morel got started on their tasks immediately to open that school in August Morel might commission someone to arrange appointment of teaching staffs and school outlines, while Yamao directed McVean to build the school, as the Public Works did not have building division. Unfortunately Morel passed away in November 5, For substantial appointments, McVean wrote his letter to Campbell Douglas to send an architect and a draftsman, and to Cosmo Innes several surveyors.
Joyner was a multi talented engineer not only in survey, but also construction and drawing. Joyner and McVean worked together in Japan for 4 years, and maintained life long friendship. Murata just returned to Japan from Scotland in , and met Yamao probably in Yokohama. Murota was also fluent in English, but his background is unknown. Campbell Douglas. Elizabeth Douglas. Yamao first relied on Morel for establishing the engineering college as long as he was alive. The British engineers have traditionally been produced not through in-school training but apprenticeship under the experienced engineer, and the British government and professional institutions were confident in advantage of industrial development among other European nations by the London Exposition.
The social infrastructure and industrial products were developed by ambitious entrepreneurs and self-trained engineers. But, it was not successful due to lack of practical training opportunity in India. Rankine insisted that the government would allow several leading universities to found engineering department including Glasgow University. The students would learn both theory and practice half year alternately in the first 3 years as proposed by Rankine as Sandwich Course, and would take one year practical training under the qualified engineer in the 4 th year, then take the final examination at the college.
The School was 2 years course, and would admit pupils, who were taught by 7 teachers. Only distinguished pupils would proceed to the College, and study several years under 6 teachers and 6 assistant teachers. So, the college was expected to have 6 branches or departments. Sketch image of the school buildings was attached to the Draft. Morel was confident in seeking proper teaching staffs through his connection. One month after t he Kogaku-ryo the Engineering Institution was officially formed as one of department of the Ministry of the Public Works in September 28, August 14, the Meiji 5 , Morel passed away by tuberculosis in November 5, Yamao directed McVean to construct the school buildings based on the provided sketch image.
McVean hold two chief posts in the survey office and building division. Soon, Yamao realized that the expected teaching staffs never came to Japan except R. Rymer-Jones, and had to find another advisor. Mary was from one of distinguished families in Scotland, and her siblings and relatives were active in political and academic circles. After Yamao resumed correspondence with Matheson by the middle of , he asked Matheson help to appoint teaching staffs for his engineering college. Letter from Mr. Matheson, Hampsrad, 20 th January My Dear Miss Gordon, - Having had charge of some of the first students sent to this country from Japan many years ago, I was requested in by one of the number, who had become Minister of Public Works, to assist the Government to found at Yeddo a College of Civil and Mechanical Engineering.
I was to select the professor, fix the scale of their salaries, arrange a programme of studies, and procure all the necessary books and materials required for an institution which was designed to train a large body of Japanese youths for the services of their country in connection with public works. The commission was felt by me to be a most difficult and responsible one, but as it was conveyed in the most generous terms, expressing unbounded confidence in my self, I resolved to set about its execution.
I knew that there was one friend to whom I could apply with the certainty that he would give me good advice, and I lost no time in driving over to Totteridge to lay the matter before your dear brother. He gave me the encouragement of which I stood in need; and as the first thing was to obtain a man who could take the position of Principal, to whom the Government wished to give a good deal of authority, he recommended my communicating with the late Professor Macquorn Rankine, of Glasgow University, his own successor in the Chair of which he was the first occupant.
That distinguished man was laid aside at the time by the illness of which he soon afterwards died, but he sent me several names, among them that of Mr. Henry Dyer, a young man of twenty-four, who had passed through his collage course with much distinction. But, it is more likely that Yamao already wrote letter to Matheson asking whether he could help to set up the Engineering College, and then, Ito officially requested assistance to Matheson at London. As Gordon left University of Glasgow several years ago, he asked cooperation to Rankine who has once intended to found the engineering college in his university.
Yamao directed Tadasu Hayashi Fig. Hayashi was one of early officials of the Engineering Institution, and took care of foreign teachers and engineers. Construction of Engineering College Buildings. McVean had to postpone setting up of the Survey Department. Yamao preferred Gothic style probably because he has looked quit often construction scene of new building of the University of Glasgow on the hill when he has stayed at Glasgow in the late s.
McVean was not familiar with Gothic style architecture, and he might rely on Campbell Douglas, who kindly provided various conveniences for McVean. New Building for the University of Glasgow, designed by G. Scott, Builder In February 26, McVean completed a list of articles required from the Britain for the School buildings. Source: Simon Chastel de Boinville. Steam engine mill was necessary to hasten sawing of timber for the school building construction, and McVean arranged purchase of portable engine and saw mill from Whitefield and Dowson, Yokohama.
Carpenter Anderson and mason Marks prepared timber and stone materials respectively. I found out that the first quality of stone ordered had been stopped and a better kind substituted for it. The mistake was a slip in the division of feet into Tsubo made by Jones. George C. De Boinville was also getting busier. Joyner, and erected under the direction of C. Source: Kyu Kobu-Gaigakko Shiryou. Upper brick wall was thinner than lower wall. Source: The Far East November 30, Yamao at the Railway Station and returned in the evening with Mr. Probably taken in by McVean. Plotted on Tokyo Dai Ezu map.
Yamao was actually prepared to take the responsibility in the redevelopment project, but had to go to Osaka to settle issues of railway construction there. They worked hard until midnight, sometimes all night. In April 21, Sunday, they almost completed their duties, and McVean explained their whole redevelopment scheme at the Public Works Cobusho.
During Harry Parkes' absence in , R. With regard to their style of building generally, the Japanese have as yet made little progress. Houses of brick are quite the exception; houses of wood are the rule. Fires lately have been extremely frequent, and although the wooden tenements are thus quickly consumed and actually offer every facility to the spread of the conflagration, they are rebuilt in the same manner as before, and of the same inflammable materials.
It is satisfactory, however, that of late the Japanese government begins to recognize the folly of this style of building, and see the advantage of remedying the evil which has hitherto existed. They have engaged the services of English architects and engineers, and several buildings on improved principles are now in course of erection.
Waters Surveyor-General, is building for the Government at Yedo two barracks after the European style — one for four battalions,, and the other for three battalions of infantry, The works are of brick, and are to be heated with steam and lighted with gas throughout. Waters is also engaged in the construction of large suspension bridge over a ravine in the same district.
Competent men have also been engaged by the Government to make a regular survey of the country, some what after the plan of the Ordnance Survey of Great Britain, as well as of the capital, and at the same time they are preparing designs for a technical school on a very extensive scale. The school is to accommodate about scholars, and foreign teachers are to be appointed.
The building will be in the Lombardo-Gothic style architecture. It is also contemplated, when the other general improvements of Yedo are finished, to effect great alteration in the present state of the streets and bridges, which are now very neglects. George Eaton, arrived at Japan together with R. Rymer-Jones in early Henry Baston Joyner, British Engineer.
Then he became an assistant engineer in Nixon and Dennis, and engaged mainly in railway construction. In , he left England to take up an appointment under the Imperial Government of Japan, in whose service he remained about seven years-being employed first in the Railway Department, and in the Survey Department of the Public Works for 2 year, then in the Meteorology Department of the Interior Affairs for 3 years. Richard Oliver Rymer-Jones, John Joyner in William John Macquorn Rankine, Fleeming Jenkin, British Scholar and Engineer.
He was born and grown up at England, and educated at various parts of Europe Continent. After finished the University of Genoa, he started his career as engineer, constructing railways in Europe Continental and England, and then became professor at the University of London and Edinburgh. His interest was very wide covering arts, economy and sanitary other than engineering. The College building was old estate, which was renovated by M. He was the eldest son of Archibald Constable, and took over his printing business on his father's death.
In he was appointed printer and publisher in Edinburgh to Queen Victoria , and issued, among other notable series, Constable's Educational Series, and Constable's Foreign Miscellany. Lewis D. Gordon, Gordon, F. Tadasu Hayashi , Government Official and Diplomat in the Meiji Period. William Anderson. His origin is not known. After finished construction of the Imperial College, he transferred to various departments of the Meiji government as carpenter and worked until James Marks.
He was experienced mason, and first worked for the Lighthouse Department together with McVean and Blundell. He was transferred to the Engineering Institution by request of McVean in early He built a large scale of kiln to produce bricks at Fukagawa in Charles Alfred Chastel de Boinville, Alexander Allan Shand, Born in Aberdeenshire as the son of James Shand, surgeon, and received banking business training there, then started working for the Chartered Mercantile Bank of India, London and China before age of He was employed by the Ministry of Finance, Imperial Government to teach commercial bookkeeping in a half year later than McVean.
Their family met quit frequently. The Public Works was instructed to complete detailed survey and map drawing of the affected area within 7 days. As soon as the Survey Office was officially formed as a second grade department under the Public Works, McVean arranged appointment of Joyner as assistant surveyor, and Eaton and Rymer-Jones as surveying instructor. As they seemed to have been no relation with McVean, they might be invited from the Britain by Morel before he passed away.
Although McVean did not mention scope, procedure and organization of the Survey Department in his diaries, he surely intended to found wide range of observations including meteorology, astronomy and seismology beside geodic survey. As Henry Scharbau Fig. Cosmo Innes assured to send some assistant surveyors from India Colony, but those whom McVean most wanted to hire were Scharbau and Cheesman.
Scharbau was a British Naval engineer, and needed official appointment letter from Japanese government to leave his position to work for the Japanese government. McVean asked Nobunao Samejima Fig. Sameshima , former Japanese. Records in The Numadu City Archives. Admiralty - Whitehall. July 12 - Cheesman too, is very anxious to get there, as he thinks you will have a great deal to do for him. It is a most useful rule, both for its correctness as well as convenience.
I would recommend to get one like it. As far as the instruments are concerned, I can assure you that I shall only send such as are of first rate quality, and after I have tested their correctness. Where any particular instructions for fitting up or such like should be required, I shall give you the necessary details about it. In one instance I shall take the liberty of altering your demand, I intend doubling the number of Thermometers, you have only ordered one of each kind; if this one, should meet with an accident, you are without such an instrument.
When our meteorological instruments were sent from London to the Long Island, Adml Fitzroy used to send us at least 3 of each kind and of ordinary thermometers sometimes as many as 6. You must bear in mind that these instruments are easily broken. I shall take particular care that all are very carefully packed, to avoid breakage. How is it that you have not ordered any beam compasses? You can have of course any size you like. Every single observation with a theodolite is more worth than half a dozen sights with the pocket sextant, and much more reliable. I for my part would not like to survey a place, say like Yeddo or any other large town without such a theodolite ; the first expense is a little greater but the advantage soon pays itself and I would submit this for your consideration.
You have not ordered any magnetometer. The Hydrometer you know, is simply used for ascertaining the density of the Seawater and if your observatory is near the shore you could make some interesting observations. All three are recorded at the same time. The instrument at Kew is far superior to that at the Royal Observatory at Greenwich. The former is moved by one [cbock] and the latter by three for this reason the Kew is much better. Observations with an instruments of this kind, would in a country like Japan, be of very great interest on account of its being more or less subject to Earthquakes, which have great influence on such an instrument.
When you have got all your instruments in Working Order, you must let me know, and I will put you in the way of having your observations published in the transactions of the Meteo: Soc. There are many things which I would like to bring under your notice, for you hold now a position, where you cannot only make a reputation for yourself there but also in this country. The progress of Science in Japan, is watched with marked interest by the people in Europe ; quite recently I read a long article in a German periodical about the progress in this direction in Japan, and in our own department too, we would like to get more from the interesting country of Japan, than simply an account of travellers.
I wonder how the Jap. Govt would be inclined to remunerate me for such services, say for a term of 5 years or so. But I would leave Mrs S. I believe she would consent my going for about such a time. In fact I would like you to do quite as well or better if possible than persons in charge of such a department here.
I imagine you must feel the want of instruments, and books of reference very much, and I regret the delay evidently caused by the Jap: Authorities not coming forward with the cash. All things would have been shipped, except those few instruments which require sometime to manufacture, and you would probably have been less inconvenienced. Who else is going out to you beside Cheesman? If I can at any time be of use to you, you must write. I shall always be glad to do anything for you, and further your interest, that you may all the better testify the Jap: Author: the importance and usefulness of your Department.
Believe me Dear McVean. Henry Scharbau. There were some mysterious foreigners, who were wandering to find job in the Far East. Some of them were disappointing, and McVean had to rearrange their appointment trying to transfer Hardy to Railway and to discharge Cartman in September What McVean required next was various instruments for geodetic survey and meteorological observation, and asked Yamao to buy them in the Britain. Yamao and Sano, they wished to look at site for a new palace.
New Survey Office and Kobusho Buildings. This Hayashi was later engaged in construction of new public buildings including Head Office of the Finance and Home Affairs. These eclectic styled public buildings were commissioned to Hayashi in Following year, this site and buildings would be transferred to the Home Affairs. The School building of the Engineering College with the clock tower is visible in center.
McVean has been acquainted with Tsunetami Sano Fig. Heading the Lighthouse Department, Sano soon took charge of the Kankoryo too, and managed first domestic exhibition at Yushima in April Fig. After the Yushima Exhibition terminated in May, Sano was considering arrangement of Japanese pavilion at the exhibition site.
Main Feature was Shachihoko. S ource: McVean Archives. Beside his main duty, McVean was asked by Yamao quit many things including preparing of design of new residences of Yamao , Sano and Sanjo Daijin , ground plan of Kankorio and etc. Boinville also provided design of various kinds of house and building including residence for foreign engineers in Railway Department. Therefore, McVean and Boinville designed most of European style buildings in the early Meiji period in Tokyo, but it was not officially recorded as the Building division was a hidden function for the Survey Department.
Naonobu Samejima , Born to medical doctor of Satsuma Domain, and learned Dutch language and science, then English language at Nagasaki. He was dispatched to the Britain in together with other 14 boys and to the United States in His full name is unknown. As he came to Japan together with Cheesman from the Britain, he should be a friend of Cheesman.
Suzaki Benten. It is a large shine and park in Kotou Ward, Tokyo. One of 13 base stones was place in this premise. Kiyohiko Tate , It is one of turrets situated at south edge of the Inner Castle site. Michinobu Kawano , Tadahiro Hayashi. McVean invited Hayashi to Tokyo to let him to contract public buildings in pseudo-European style. The Meiji Government accepted invitation of the Vienna Exposition by the Austrian Government in and started to prepare it.
Sano expressed his gratitude to McVean as. Many thanks for your valuable service of taking the trouble of making design for the furniture sent to Austria. Please accept this accompanying lacquered work as a small token of my appreciation for your favor. I remain Sirs,.
Minister Sano. Dalry House Edinburgh. Vincent Street, Glasgow 5 July Art Furniture Works. I will be obliged by your giving your best services to my friend Mr McVean of Yeddo. Mary was so excited at this new atmosphere that she could not help resuming writing diary.
He went to Yokosuka. Quite often his friends visited to his house and dined with, such as Capt. Stevens, Mr. Joyner, Rymer-Jones, Dr. Wheeler, Mr. Godfrey, Mr. Spence, Mr. Allan Shand, Mr. Especially, wife of Ito and Yamao were sociable while taking care of small child. As three years already has passed since Yamao left Glasgow, he remembered taste of Scottish food at the dinner, and Mary gave him a packet of cornflour.
Water in our bedroom also frozen. M r Joyner thinks judging from the mother that the baby wl d make a good microscopic object She M rs Y was very much interested in learning to tatt from M rs Joyner. As a present she brought Noni a large piece of silk. Called for M rs Ito this afternoon. The rooms I was in were furnished to some extent in European style, in both rooms there were a great many books, those I c ld see the names of were nearly all of them American blue books. I had taken Sengo to act as interpreter still as may be imagined our conversation was not very lively.
In the evening Colin D r W. Ito through interpreter. The Japanese very superior Japanese. McVean Archives. Atmosphere of central Tokyo changed drastically after , more westernized in term of shop, cuisine and entertainment. Several western restaurants opened and soon got very popular for foreigners. McVean and Mary went to the concert took place in the Engineering College as described,. It is a very fine Hall. Baby boy out twice. In the evening Colin and I went out by invitation to be present at a concert given in the Government Bank house. The hall of this Bank was actually too small for this venue, and the Government soon intended to build large hall for official occasions.
A large number of Japanese gathered there to watch skating. McVean and Mary learned Japanese language two times a week to communicate with Japanese. He painted them all day in February 6 to 10 in the house, and prepared an article on Japanese wild-birds. Mt Fujiyama always attracted foreign residents too, and some of adventurous foreigners climbed the mountain. Joyner in September.
Mary did not ascend Mt. The British engineers employed by the Public Works and the Home Office lived nearby, and maintained good friendship having tiffine, dinner and party together. Fine day thought somewhat dull. They have lately lost a second child, which has cast them down very much. M rs Joyner was busy decorating a cake. Tsugumi Saigo , Military General. He was from Satsuma Domain, young brother of Takamori Saigo.
Palmieri and Persioni. Italian sister singers born in London, and started world tour in early , performing at several cities in the Far East. Henry Eeles Dresser, British ornithologist got interested in this article and sent his letter to McVean asking Japanese bird skins. McVean described his ascent of Mt Fujiyama as,. Some hundreds of years ago native tradition says the great volcano called Fusiyama was thrown up in one night - to a height of many thousand feet - it is not active now - but is a conical shaped mountain some ft.
It has been 4 years since he has left home in May In the end of , architect de Boinville arrived at Japan, and took charge of entire building work. Ookubo Fig. McVean enjoyed it with Kawano, Murata, Murota and foreign staffs, and believed that everything would go more effectively after his return to the survey office next year. Joyner, Mr. Sheppard, Mr. They changed vessel at Penang, and arrived at Bombay via Gale at April It took 60 days to reach to London from Yokohm a by steam vessel.
Hugh Matheson, 3 Lombard St, had some conversation with him on Japanese matters he did not seem to have a favourable opinion. A political struggle over Korean matter was broken out within the oligarchy government, and Ookubo had to return to Tokyo before the Iwakura Mission to solve it. As Yamao agreed that the Survey Department would take responsibility to nationwide survey and mapping, meteorological, astronomical and seismological observations, McVean had to hire proper professional, purchase instruments for these projects, and master the related knowledge.
Simms shewed us an apparatus for practicing observing the transit of Venus. Joyner started to set up meteorological office within the Survey Department for Scharbau. Although McVean was not familiar with Ookubo , he was worried about working under the new minister. Hachiro Kobayashi , He was one of the first students in the survey school, and given scholarship to study at the Britain. William Keswick. Agnes Cowan Daughter of Charles Cowan, a banker in Ayr and three times provost in Ayr.
Campbell Douglas was commissioned to build a church at Ayr when Boinville joined his office in Boinville visited Ayr sometimes together with Douglas and probably met Agnes there. William Ebenezer Grigsby, Grigsby enrolled at the University of Glasgow in , aged He studied under the Arts faculty for three years , graduating MA in , and remained at the University for a further two years to study Divinity. He was called to the bar at the Inner Temple in McVean was contented with the school building of the Kogaku-Ryo , as it looked so great, but disappointed with his office, as Kawano and Murata were absent.
Source: Kyu Kobu Daigakko Shiryo As McVean checked packing of the new glass face of the clock tower at Glasgow and sent it to Japan in June , Boinville installed the clock tower on roof of the building Fig. McVean first met Dyer at Tokyo in May , and soon got close friend. The Japan Weekly Mail on February 28, , described detail of the school design as,. On Monday, the 9th instant, the building of the Kogakurio , which during the last eighteen months has been in course of construction, was completed, and the classes, which have been temporarily carried on in the Yamato Yashiki , transferred thereto.
The building is about feet long, with a clock-tower in the centre, and the style is that of the l4th century. It is built with two stories, and corridors run along the entire length of the building and communicate with the different rooms. On the lower story there are six lecture rooms 30 by 20 feet and 12 feet high, each of which will accommodate about sixty students; while on the upper story are four similar rooms, besides a long drawing-room measuring 60by 20 feet. The completion of the Kogakurio forms, we may say, a separate epoch in the history of Japan, as being one of the first brick-buildings commenced in Yedo , and we have reason to believe that the success so far met with will be an inducement to the Japanese Government to provide similar substantial buildings for the other departments.
When we consider the disadvantages under which the gentlemen entrusted with the work were placed at its commencement, when few facilities for constructing of building, so different in every respect from any that then existed, were at their disposal, and every minute detail had to be under their immediate supervision, we cannot help feeling that the successful manner in which the work has been carried out reflects great credit on Mr. McVean, and on Mr.
Joyner, his chief-assistant, who during the absence of the former gentleman has been carrying on the work, and who also, we understand, in the first instance, drew out the original designs and detail drawings for the Kogakurio and dormitories.
The Satsuma Students in Britain : Andrew Cobbing :
The same is also due to Mr. Source: Meiji Kogyoshi: Kenchiku The contributor should be Dyer, who left Glasgow in when new building of University of Glasgow designed by George Gilbert Scott just completed. Comparing with that new building, Dyer was satisfied by work of McVean, Joyner and Boinville, who successfully achieved construction of the first substantial building in Japan.
There were two big supports, one from Campbell Douglas, an architect of Glasgow in term of design and material provision, another from Yozo Yamao in term of financial provision. The College School Building was the first European style architecture in Japan, and was utilized for several special occasions before the College Main Building was completed in In December 9, , Mr.
McVean left the Public Works as the Survey Department was taken by the Home Office, and was due to concentrate into his main duty to arrange organization and instruments for various kind of survey and observations. But it was a thorn pass without Yamao. Instead Mary kept writing diary. The opening ceremony of railway between Kobe and Osaka took place with attendance of Ookuma , a prime minister of the oligarchy government in May 11, Dyer Principal of Kogaku-Ryo married at same time.
I gave Agnes Cowan away. Joyner — 2 Yamato Yashiki, Tokei. McVean has given Hardy several time warnings of his attitude before leaving Japan in February , but Hardy still could not follow office regulation and rule. McVean was complained by the Japanese staffs of it, and hardly maintained peace of mind. Called Mr. Hardy in to my room — told him the Japanese were very much displeased with him — and that I thought he had brought it all on himself by his behaviour and the small amt of work he had done — Warned him that he had several times broken his agreement - but if he did so again it should not be overlooked - told him to hand over his plan to Cheesman.
Farther orders as to work to be given him on Monday. Anderson told Joyner that since he had been appd Medical Officer Hardy had not been so unwell as to prevent his coming to office — Called on D r. Nes was a lawyer practice in Yokohama, and gave McVean advice that several procedures were necessary to discharge Hardy. Mary wrote,. We all returned to dinner at Mr. Campbell off to Gotenyama to prepare everything. Gentlemen Home in the evening having been busy preparing Mr. Gentlemen off to Gotenyama to survey Venus which they did very successfully.
Came Home tired but pleased with their success. The Mikado did not come but Sanjo Daigin did. Campbell went down together by the 1 15 train Mr. Scharbau went to call on the Mexican observers of Venus. I called on Mrs. Rymer Jones. A quiet evening which was pleasant.
Rain in the evening.
Ookubo , minister of the Home Office was absent, and seemed to wonder that the Survey Department would take charge of astronomical observation. After the Iwakura Mission returned to Japan, the Meiji Government extremely oriented to Europe and the leaders all changed their costume and hair style to entirely European way. A very good arrangement as by that means he gets his expenses paid. He did good business with several local lords selling weapons, firearms and machines and providing convenience to ambitious young Samurais for their study abroad.
While in Kobe, Osaka and Kyoto, several British engineers were engaged in railway construction. Of course, Kyoto was a distinguished destination even for foreigners. McVean and Mary wanted to see these figures, Nagasaki Kyoto. The Survey Department arranged 3 weeks official tour for these cities in a certain condition. It might be to supervise survey work in Kyoto as Tate described there were some troubles between foreign officers and Japanese staffs in his memories. Following day, McVean, Mrs.
The Satsuma Students in Britain: Japan's Early Search for the Essence of the West'
Landed in time to catch the 7 A. Letters Mull — T. As the organization got bigger, a struggle took place among the staffs, apparently former Public Works versus former Civil Affairs. Michihisa Ookawa, a technician transferred from the Civil Works in left a collection of archives of the Survey Department. Ookubo and Sugiura both seemed to accept the appeal from the Anti Foreigners Party and. Murato called and informed me that Okubo had agreed to pay me up according to the terms of my letter also told me he thought Scharban would get a new agreement.
Colin went in the morning to see the Japanese things that are going to the exhibition in Philadelphia. He was barrister-at-law, Yokohama Foreign Settlement. Japan Weekly Mail, Monday 15th December Hardy Vs. McVean Agent for Japanese Government. On the 27th instant, at No. McVean, Esq. Japan Weekly Mail Jan 2, Fine day. Got on board our ship the P. Queenstown arrived ab t 7. I gave letter to D. M c Leod N. York ab t the Portraits to Don d Calva last night — to post. Iam now looking for publisher.
His contribution to establish engineering institution, building section, survey office, meteorological, astronomilogical and seismic observations. The newly established Meiji government drove various nation-strengthening or modernization projects that were started up by previous Shogumate government in accordance with foreign pressure, such as steelmaking, shipbuilding, mining, railways and lighthouse construction by hiring a large number of foreign engineers.
Edmund Morel, appointed as chief engineer for railway construction suggested the government to found the Ministry of Public Works to administrate these projects. In November , the government officially decided to found the works, which started functioning in September with 11 departments.
The engineering institution and survey were new departments, which would be headed by Yozo Yamao , first acting vice minister of the works. After Morel passed away, Yamao needed someone who assisted his mission. Colin Alexander McVean, a Scottish civil engineer who resigned from the government for lighthouse construction a year ago, was re-employed by the government, and provided sincere support for Yamao through his personal and family connection with prominent figures.
McVean standing at Centre, probably taken in the late s. Source: MVA. Her family prospered with that business, and her siblings took an essential part in business, politics and academic scenes. Her eldest brother, Charles succeeded family business and was a member of parliament, while second brother, James became Lord Provost of Edinburgh in McVean and his wife, Mary.
McVean was acquainted with him, and they might arrange this marriage. Cheesman, taken around in Adelaide. McVean will kindly as[k] his son what a gon-sho-jo means. One of them wonders if it is anything like a Banjo-jo. I am glad we are to have the pleasure of soon seeing yourself and daughter. The weather is surely cool enough now — and a short time of good Glasgow smoke is often most beneficial to young ladies. I need hardly say how pleased we shall all be to see you at Hillhead. Moffatt is in September generally very cool and bracing but I quite expect you will find Glasgow to be sufficient.
McVean dated 21st August Although Yamao might be too old to serve apprenticeship at shipyard together with teen-age pupils, he accepted tiring apprentice training for two years and could understand how Scottish archived great industrial development. He appreciated heartily for Scottish friends, but never visited again to Scotland to meet them. There was another Japanese at Scotland around He was Fumio Murata Fig. His interest into English language and Western civilization were so strong to do so with his own money.
He described geography and social-politics of European countries, highlighting Scotland. He was probably the first man who introduced Staffa Island into Japanese. Despite Yamao , McVean and Murata , all of them were staying at Scotland in , they did not meet there, and of course did not know that they would work together for Ministry of Public Works soon. Source: National Institute of Japanese Literature. Footnotes 1.
Tokugawa Shogunate government was founded by Ieyasu Tokugawa in and lasted until This feudal government maintained national isolation policy except Dutch and China within the restricted area of Nagasaki. However, the government was repeatedly threatened by Russia and the United States of America in the 19th century, and terminated the policy with the Convention of Peace and Amity between the USA and Japan in The Tokugawa Shogunate government founded ironwork at Yokosuka and Yokohama in with assistance of French government.
Francois Leonce Verny , a naval engineer who had constructed shipyard at Ningpo, China in , was appointed as chief engineer for Yokosuka Ironwork. Louis Felix Florent took responsibility for lighthouse construction including Kannonzaki Lighthouse and Nojimazaki Lighthouse. Meiji Imperial government took over the ironwork and converted it into shipyard in David and Thomas Stevenson, civil engineers, Edinburgh.
David and Thomas were sons of Robert Stevenson , civil engineer specializing lighthouse construction. He was elected as a Member of I. Archibald Woodward Blundell. His background is unknown, but he kept corresponding with McVean. The draft being crossed should, upon being completed, be presented for payment through a banker. Archibald Campbell Douglas, Born in Glasgow as son of Rev. Robert Douglas, minister in the parish of Kilbarchan. After attending Glasgow University, he was articled to John Thomas Rochead, architect of Glasgow in , and then set up his own practice in This book endeavours to unravel the complicated skeins of Japanese theatre in the modern period and offers an appreciation of the richness of choice of presentational and representational theatre forms.
Since the end of world War II there has been continuing but different conflict between the major Richard Henry Brunton March 03, Personal account of one of the Westerners who helped build modern Japan see also study by Pedlar - also available from Curzon Press.
There is virtually nothing - until the arrival of this study - addressing the significance of the enormous contributions in science and technology towards the realization of Japan's 'economic miracle' during the occupation period. First Published in In the spring of , when Japan was in the grip of a major civil war, eighteen samurai and an interpreter risked their lives to embark secretly on a voyage to the unknown lands of the barbarian west.
Their destination was Britain - at the hub of a vast empire. These were the Satsuma students, In earlier times, for the Chinese, Korea was 'the country of courteous people from the east', and for westerners 'the land of the morning calm' or 'hermit kingdom'. In this fascinating collection of writings on times past in Korea the author helps to lift the veil on this once closed country, As the preface to this new edition points out, Mitford Algernon Bertram, the first Lord Redesdale was a gifted writer whose descriptions of Japan, during the critical time of transition from a feudal to a modern state in the late nineteenth century, are a testimony to his narrative skills, J E Hoare, J.
Hoare October 05, The success of the first two volumes in this series has prompted this third volume of 25 further protraits of key personalities, including Natsume Soseki, Thomas Blackiston, Ivan Morris, Admiral Saito and Ozaki Yukio. This second collection under the 'Biographical Portraits' title, incorporates a further 20 studies of key personalities, including Edmund Morel, pioneer railway builder in Meiji Japan, Alexander Shand, an important figure in the development of Japanese banking, Lafcadio Hearn, the great interpreter Stay on CRCPress.
Exclusive web offer for individuals on all book. Per Page. Include Forthcoming Titles. Britain and Japan: Biographical Portraits, Vol. IV 1st Edition.