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This is even true with Odlaw , which is "Waldo" spelt backwards, and thus loses its significance in the UK version where "Wally" is used. Sign In Don't have an account? Start a Wiki.
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List of International variations Where's Waldo? United States Where's Waldo? Canada Where's Wally? Spanish Waar is Wally? He had a look of a sick person. That evening I went home from Pyotr Ilyich with the autograph of the Variations on a Rococo theme that I accepted from him as a gift. Figure 3 Nineteenth-century P. It is not without interest to mention that we have not managed to find any proof that Brandukov ever performed the Variations. Poplavsky wrote:. At the dinner, Pyotr Ilyich was telling us about his last Symphony.
We, noticing him in exceptionally good spirits, had started our usual plea — to compose a cello concerto. I pitched into an old song about the inconvenience of some of the variations for the cello and that there is too little singing at all.
Here is another document, a letter from Jurgenson to Tchaikovsky dated 3 February Loathsome Fitzenhagen! He is most insistent on making changes to your cello piece, and he says that you have given him full authority to do so. The latter manuscripts were very probably written out by Fitzenhagen see Appendix I b. On the other hand, the first of the four manuscripts we could consider as a rough copy. The clean, ready-to-be engraved handwritten copy of the piano part together with the violoncelle-solo part are very valuable performance practice documents.
Their musical structure corresponds entirely to the autographs of the full orchestral score in which we find the handwriting of both Tchaikovsky and Fitzenhagen. This version was published for the first time in November in Moscow by Jurgenson see Figure 3. In fact, we can logically presume that, for publishing, Jurgenson had a choice between two versions of the Variations. If we compare the total amount of measures in both versions:. Figure 4 Two Versions of the Variations on a Rococo theme , op. Here it is appropriate to note that the 35 measures of Variation VIII scale passages that sound nearly identical to the Variation II were omitted by Fitzenhagen, presumably, because of redundancy and a lack of bravura at the very end of the variation cycle see Figures 5 and 6.
The cellist convinced Tchaikovsky that if published abroad, his instrumental compositions were likely to benefit from better distribution. It is curious to see that another similar sounding name of a German publisher, viz. For instance, in a monograph by Ronald John Wiley, Tchaikovsky , the name of the publisher in question appears simultaneously as Leuckhardt, Leuckardt and Leuckart.
Leuckart publishing house:. The compositions of Tschaikowsky sic interest me. A few of my pupils here play his Concerto and several of his pieces really capitally. Do you know that all my fortepiano works are published in counterfeit in Leipzig, that all my romances are also translated and published in Germany and moreover in an excellent way. On 14 February [26 Feb, O. At the same time, you told me that these pieces by being printed abroad would be better marketed rather than if I gave them to Jurgenson.
badufyjuhi.cf - Label Variations: Odeon Records
I gave way then to your arguments and asked you to send my pieces to Mr. Luckhardt, from whom I did not even hope to receive an honorarium if only the pieces were printed soon and well. After a period of time, you told me that Mr. Luckhardt not only takes my pieces but also offers me marks of honorarium. Since then a year has passed. Luckhardt at the request of Tchaikovsky.
Two months later, on 24 March [5 April, O. Tchaikovsky wrote with some irritation to Jurgenson:. Take the trouble to say to Fitzenhagen, that I want his sausage maker to immediately return my manuscripts. In no way do I want him to publish them under any conditions, even for a hundred thousand roubles. It is most likely that on 10 December [22 Dec. Guillaume who actually corrected it himself, — I have found! We won over the Germans! On 13 June , from his birthplace Seesen am Harz, Fitzenhagen wrote:.
You must soon compose a cello concerto for me! I will again stand by your side with advice and help and would be very happy if you would satisfy my wish at last. Considering performance practice matters, we should look at the Variations in the context of their title.
The Brockhaus and Efron dictionary tells us:. The style was the continuation, or rather a modification of the Baroque style. Rococo architecture avoids strong symmetry. Regardless of its architectonic irrationalities, the Rococo style left many monuments such as Versailles Palace in France, Zwinger in Dresden, Germany, the Winter Palace in Saint Petersburg together with many other Rococo buildings of the talented Count Rastrelli in Russia.
Today, it is known that interpretation of works that belong to the previous epochs demands very specific knowledge. In our case, it is necessary to take into consideration history and traditions of the leading European instrumental schools as well as contemporary tastes and styles relevant to them. Further, it is necessary to mention that logic as well as rhetoric were taught in Russian educational institutions from the beginning to mid-nineteenth century. Subsequently, rhetoric as an educational discipline was regarded within a wider context, specifically as the theory of prose.
Precise musical grammar, rhetoric and versification, alongside general culture, aesthetics and performing concepts were intrinsic properties of previous generations of musicians. It is well known that musical phrases and sentences imply words and follow the same rules of word formation, phrasing and sentence construction that we find in versification and oratory. Pardon me if I force my advice upon you. I like it well enough if it is indispensable to the musical idea, that is to say if the time signature and rhythmic accent respectively form no hindrance.
We underlined the stressed syllables. Figure 10 Villoing: Ecole pratique du Piano Paris, , p. Therefore, we can easily see an obvious rhetorical link between dynamic and performance indications written out by Fitzenhagen in the aforementioned manuscripts. We invite performers to invent their own subtext that can facilitate a natural feeling for the metric movement and phrase constructions according to the rules of measure compositions and vocal accentuation.
The musical creation was a living matter that should be recreated as if anew in every performance. Musicians used scores as a basis, a canvas or a plan, that could be realised in their own artistic performances. This approach to performance was not self-centred. It was based rather on a full understanding of the traditions as well as the style of execution of a certain era.
In any case, a good musician within each epoch would cultivate and display such virtues as emotion, spirituality, intellectual agility and technique. A German, when thinking, starts by analysing, and then proceeds to demonstrate. Our Russian brother begins by demonstrating, and afterwards may amuse himself with analysing. This method crosses another boundary, viz. In treating source texts in this manner, the edition highlights the intertextual nature of the work. As the source text becomes part of the textual genesis, it expresses a kind of intertextual variance to the text. This spectrum ranges across editions that impose an hierarchical order between text and variant to editions that bestow increasing independence to variants, which are considered to be text in their own right.
It is obvious that the recent turn towards digital scholarly editing, and the obvious advantages the digital medium offers for integrating complex textual and documentary manifestations in the edition, will drive further innovation. Some of the areas where we will expect interesting developments are in visualization as a way of accessing the editorial object and in the possibilities of user-controlled management.
What we will have to discuss however is which elements in a digital edition are truly conceptually new and which derive from print editions but can perhaps be more fruitfully implemented in digital editions. That means we should try to distinguish more strictly qualitative from quantitative improvements of the digital edition. Understanding editorial representations of variants helps us to understand editions conceptually, print-based and digital editions alike.
Berlin: Verlag der Akademie der Wissenschaften. Bonn: Emil Semmel, pp. Bornstein, George.
Variations sur un air national allemand, B.14 (Chopin, Frédéric)
Material Modernism: The Politics of the Page. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Burghard Dedner and Thomas Michael Mayer. Darmstadt: Wissenschaftliche Buchgesellschaft. Dedner, Burghard. Gabler, Hans Walter. Ecdotica , 4, pp. Gabler, Hans Walter.. Literature Compass , 7, pp. Goethe, Johann Wolfgang. Greetham, D. Theories of the Text. Groddeck, Wolfram and D. Le pauvre Holterling , 2, pp. Heym, Georg. Stuttgart: J. Cottasche Buchhandlung Nachfolger and W. Unnumbered vol. Frankfurt am Main: Roter Stern. Kafka, Franz. Basel and Frankfurt am Main: Stroemfeld.
Der Process: Faksimile-Edition. Kraft, Herbert. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang,. Martens, Gunter. In Gunter Martens and Hans Zeller, eds. Texte und Varianten: Probleme ihrer Edition und Interpretation. McGann, Jerome J. The Textual Condition. Meyer, Conrad Ferdinand.
Dokumente zur Geschichte der neugermanistischen Edition. Bausteine zur Geschichte der Edition 1.