- The '3.5% rule': How a small minority can change the world
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- Trois contes: Un cœur simple; La légende de Saint-Julien lHospitalier; Herodias (French Edition).
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But Chenoweth was surprised to find that no-one had comprehensively compared the success rates of nonviolent versus violent protests; perhaps the case studies were simply chosen through some kind of confirmation bias. Working with Maria Stephan, a researcher at the ICNC, Chenoweth performed an extensive review of the literature on civil resistance and social movements from to — a data set then corroborated with other experts in the field.
The '3.5% rule': How a small minority can change the world
They primarily considered attempts to bring about regime change. A movement was considered a success if it fully achieved its goals both within a year of its peak engagement and as a direct result of its activities. A regime change resulting from foreign military intervention would not be considered a success, for instance. A campaign was considered violent, meanwhile, if it involved bombings, kidnappings, the destruction of infrastructure — or any other physical harm to people or property.
By the end of this process, they had collected data from violent and nonviolent campaigns. This was partly the result of strength in numbers. Chenoweth argues that nonviolent campaigns are more likely to succeed because they can recruit many more participants from a much broader demographic, which can cause severe disruption that paralyses normal urban life and the functioning of society. In fact, of the 25 largest campaigns that they studied, 20 were nonviolent, and 14 of these were outright successes. Overall, the nonviolent campaigns attracted around four times as many participants , as the average violent campaign 50, The People Power campaign against the Marcos regime in the Philippines, for instance, attracted two million participants at its height, while the Brazilian uprising in and attracted one million, and the Velvet Revolution in Czechoslovakia in attracted , participants.
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Once around 3. Besides the People Power movement, that included the Singing Revolution in Estonia in the late s and the Rose Revolution in Georgia in the early Chenoweth admits that she was initially surprised by her results. But she now cites many reasons that nonviolent protests can garner such high levels of support.
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Perhaps most obviously, violent protests necessarily exclude people who abhor and fear bloodshed, whereas peaceful protesters maintain the moral high ground. Girls Who Change the World is a challenge to inspire girls aged to be a force for change.
Poverty and Development
Using Artificial Intelligence AI , young people are challenged to come up with ground-breaking ideas that will change the world for the better. The winners will be announced at the Grand Final on 4 July We are looking for teams of up to five girls aged to submit an idea that uses Artificial Intelligence AI at its heart and could make a difference to the world or community they live in.
Here, each team will meet their IBM mentor who will help them progress their idea into a prototype. These teams will also attend a Grand Final to present their idea to a panel of judges. The challenge has now closed for entries. All teams need to include one adult who we can contact via email, if successful.
Be as authentic and genuine as possible
It is one of the questions we get most often: How do I deal with my crappy organization? How do I deal with it? You have three options:. Ignore it. Changing organizations is hard work.
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Accept that the organization is what it is, and enjoy the good parts of your work. In that case, you can stop reading here. Quit your job. Do the world a favor and find a better place to work.