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- God Save the King of Tennessee : An American Life: A Portrait of Buford Pusser's Assassin
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- My Homeland, Tennessee
He works his work, I mine. There lies the port; the vessel puffs her sail; There gloom the dark, broad seas. My mariners, Souls that have toiled, and wrought, and thought with me, That ever with a frolic welcome took The thunder and the sunshine, and opposed Free hearts, free foreheads—you and I are old; Old age hath yet his honor and his toil. Death closes all; but something ere the end, Some work of noble note, may yet be done, Not unbecoming men that strove with gods.
The lights begin to twinkle from the rocks; The long day wanes; the slow moon climbs; the deep Moans round with many voices. Come, my friends, 'Tis not too late to seek a newer world. Push off, and sitting well in order smite The sounding furrows; for my purpose holds To sail beyond the sunset, and the baths Of all the western stars, until I die. It may be that the gulfs will wash us down; It may be we shall touch the Happy Isles, And see the great Achilles, whom we knew.
Though much is taken, much abides; and though We are not now that strength which in old days Moved earth and heaven, that which we are, we are, One equal temper of heroic hearts, Made weak by time and fate, but strong in will To strive, to seek, to find, and not to yield. Materials for Teachers Materials for Teachers Home. Poems for Kids. Poems for Teens. Lesson Plans. Teach this Poem.
Poetry Near You. Academy of American Poets. National Poetry Month. American Poets Magazine. Poems Find and share the perfect poems. This poem is in the public domain. The Splendor Falls The splendor falls on castle walls And snowy summits old in story; The long light shakes across the lakes, And the wild cataract leaps in glory. Blow, bugle, blow, set the wild echoes flying, Blow, bugle; answer, echoes, dying, dying, dying.
O, hark, O, hear! O, sweet and far from cliff and scar The horns of Elfland faintly blowing! Blow, let us hear the purple glens replying, Blow, bugles; answer, echoes, dying, dying, dying. O love, they die in yon rich sky, They faint on hill or field or river; Our echoes roll from soul to soul, And grow forever and forever.
Blow, bugle, blow, set the wild echoes flying, And answer, echoes, answer, dying, dying, dying. Alfred Lord Tennyson In Mississippi author David Cohn wrote,. If you stand near its fountain in the middle of the lobby, where ducks waddle and turtles drowse, ultimately you will see everybody who is anybody in the Delta. To the east of the city lay a large railroad yard, with tracks of four railroads of that era.
While the railroads were integral to the city's commerce, by the late s the yard had become a barrier to automobile traffic and, hence, to eastward expansion of the city. In - the "Poplar Boulevard Viaduct" was constructed to span the railyards and allow eastward expansion. The viaduct was a joint effort between the City of Memphis and the railroads. From the s to the s, Memphis was a locus of machine politics under the direction of E. The city retained a form of commission government until But Crump was in full control at all times, Using all the familiar techniques of the big city boss, who is willing to engage in ballot manipulation, patronage for friends, and frustrating bureaucratic obstacles for the opposition.
Crump build a complex alliance with established power figures at the local state and national levels. He ensured the dissidents had little or no voice. At the center of his network was Cotton Row—The business elite that dominated the cotton industry. Second he included the modernizers, the business-oriented progressives who were most concerned with upgrading the infrastructure in terms of the waterfront, parks, highways and skyscrapers, as well as a moderately good school system. Working-class whites got their share of jobs.
In turn the city received ample relief programs — which provided jobs for the unemployed, as selected by local machine lieutenants. As well the city was provided with major federal building projects, which helped fund the business community. Crump successfully lobbied Washington for large-scale public housing projects. The city installed a revolutionary sewer system and upgraded sanitation and drainage to prevent another epidemic.
Pure water from an artesian well was discovered in the s, securing the city's water supply. The commissioners developed an extensive network of parks and public works as part of the national City Beautiful movement , but did not encourage heavy industry, which might have provided substantial employment for the white working-class population.
The lack of representation in city government resulted in the poor and minorities being underrepresented. The majority controlled the election of all the at-large positions. The Memphis Army Depot also served as a prisoner-of-war camp, housing Axis prisoners. Its flight facilities have been transferred to civilian use as the Millington Regional Jetport.
God Save the King of Tennessee : An American Life: A Portrait of Buford Pusser's Assassin
His first inn was located in Berclair near the city limit on Summer Avenue, then the main highway to Nashville, Tennessee. In , the Census Bureau reported Memphis' population as After the riots and court-ordered busing in to achieve desegregation of public schools, "about 40, of the system's 71, white students abandon[ed] the system in four years. Memphis is well known for its cultural contributions to the identity of the American South.
Many renowned musicians grew up in and around Memphis and moved to Chicago and other areas from the Mississippi Delta , carrying their music with them to influence other cities and listeners over radio airwaves. Handy , B. Aretha Franklin was born in Memphis. At the start of the s, Memphis was a compact city with limited boundaries, compared to the sprawl seen today. The northern boundary was close to Chelsea Avenue, not much south of the Wolf River but with an unpopulated wetland area beyond the city before reaching the Wolf River.
The Eastern Boundary of the city was near Highland Street. By the mids Memphis stretched southward to the Mississippi State Line, but only directly south of President's Island. Such communities as West Junction , Nonconnah , Raines and Oakville still remained beyond the city boundaries, with the southern city line running on the north side of Nonconnah Creek.
On the east, most of White Station, Tennessee had been annexed. The Northern boundary of Memphis was the Wolf River. It had also annexed Berclair, Tennessee and all of White Station on its eastern border, extending south-westward along Poplar Avenue, past the recently built freeway that is today designated I, and bordering on Germantown, Tennessee , Memphis' current eastern limit.
During the s, the city was a center of activity during the Civil Rights Movement , as its large African-American population had been affected by state segregation practices and disenfranchisement in the early 20th century. African-American residents drew from the civil rights movement to improve their lives. In , the Memphis sanitation strike began for living wages and better working conditions; the workers were overwhelmingly African American.
They marched to gain public awareness and support for their plight: the danger of their work, and the struggles to support families with their low pay. Their drive for better pay had been met with resistance by the city government. Martin Luther King Jr. He stayed at the Lorraine Motel in the city, where he was assassinated by a sniper on April 4, , the day after giving his prophetic " I've Been to the Mountaintop " speech at the Mason Temple. Grief-stricken and enraged after learning of King's murder, some in the city rioted, looting and destroying businesses and other facilities, some by arson.
The governor ordered Tennessee National Guardsmen into the city within hours, where small, roving bands of rioters continued to be active. The entertainer and philanthropist Danny Thomas helped open St. Jude Children's Research Hospital in downtown Memphis in Jude specializes in the study and treatment of catastrophic diseases affecting children, especially leukemia and other childhood cancers, AIDS, sickle cell disease , and inherited immune disorders.
Its success rates and free treatment for its patients have made it one of the most reputable children's hospitals in the world.
FedEx Corporation originally, Federal Express was founded in Little Rock, Arkansas in , but moved its operations to Memphis in to take advantage of its more extensive airport facilities. As Memphis developed as the major hub of operations for FedEx, the Memphis International Airport became the largest airfreight terminal in the world. In Harold Ford, Sr. In the city of Memphis elected its first African-American mayor, Dr.
Memphis is well known for its cultural contributions to the identity of the American south.
The Commercial Appeal was awarded a Pulitzer Prize in for its coverage of, and editorial opposition to, the activities of the Ku Klux Klan , which was at a peak in urban areas following the Klan's revival in From the earliest days of the steamboat , through the present day, Memphis has been a major center of river transportation. Passenger steamers linked Memphis with river ports up and down the Mississippi , Ohio and Missouri Rivers as late as the s.
Tom Lee Park on the Memphis riverfront is named for an African-American riverworker who became a civic hero. Tom Lee could not swim. But, he single-handedly rescued thirty-two people from drowning when the steamer M. Norman sank in Today, Memphis Riverboats offers tourist excursions from the Memphis waterfront on paddlewheel steamers. Beginning in the early 20th century, Memphis became famous for its innovative strains of African-American music, including gospel , blues , jazz , soul , and Rhythm and Blues genres, a tradition that continues to this day.
Many notable blues musicians grew up in and around the Memphis and northern Mississippi, and performed there regularly. King , and Howlin' Wolf. Stax Records , which opened in Memphis in , produced almost exclusively African-American music. Stax was a major factor in the creation of the Southern soul and Memphis soul music styles, also releasing gospel, funk, jazz, and blues recordings. The young Elvis Presley frequently listened to gospel and soul music, and many of his early recordings were inspired or written by African-American composers and recording artists in the Mid-South area.
A young B. King worked there as a disc jockey. In addition to a rich musical heritage, Memphis also boasts a long culinary legacy dominated by regional barbecue. Memphis barbecue is rendered distinct by its sole usage of pork as opposed to beef , focus on rib and shoulder cuts of meat, and multiple locally owned barbecue restaurants. Celebration of this local culinary tradition reaches its climax each year in May, when the Memphis in May Festival holds its annual World-Championship Barbecue Cooking Contest.
Downtown Memphis is the oldest section of the city, built on a bluff overlooking the Mississippi River. Downtown includes the old central business and government districts. The Pinch District or just The Pinch is an area of Uptown, Memphis that played an important role in local immigration patterns beginning in the early 19th century.
Fourth of July: The history behind America's songs of independence
The name was originally a term of derision, referring to emaciated Irish immigrants who fled the Irish Potato Famine. Later, Italian, Russian, Greek and, especially, Jewish immigrants also called it home before migrating to more affluent sections of the city. Victorian Village is a series of grand Victorian-era mansions built just east of Downtown Memphis in what was then the outskirts of the city.
Several of these homes have been opened to the public for tours. Orange Mound was developed on the grounds of a former plantation beginning in the s; it provided affordable land and residences for the less affluent. The neighborhood provided a refuge for blacks moving to the city for the first time from the rural South. Orange Mound residents largely owned their own homes and enjoyed a strong sense of community and identity. Midtown, Memphis , a very diverse area in the center of the city, has buildings largely dating from the first half of the 20th century.
Midtown is Memphis' most ethnically and culturally diverse area. Evergreen Historic District , one of Memphis' oldest residential districts, is located in Midtown. Tennessee Williams wrote his first produced play, Cairo, Shanghai, Bombay! It was performed by a Midtown Memphis amateur theater group that year. The first Memphis schools were chartered in , but until all Memphis schools were private. By , there were 13 public schools supported by taxpayers.
The first city school for black students opened in during Reconstruction, when the biracial state legislature founded public education. For a century the city maintained separate, racially segregated school facilities.
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Memphis City Schools began desegregation in the late s, but progress was slow. A federal court order in required the city to provide busing to fully integrate the schools. This order was so unpopular with white families that within four years 40, white students were pulled out of the public system; many white families moved out of the city. Within a short time other white families enrolled their children in private schools, some founded at this time as " segregation academies ". The University of Tennessee College of Dentistry was founded in , making it the oldest dental college in the South, and the third-oldest public college of dentistry in the United States.
Christian Brothers University was founded in , first on Adams Street downtown before moving to its current location on East Parkway. LeMoyne-Owen College a private, historically black, church-affiliated college traces its history to when the American Missionary Association AMA opened an elementary school for freedmen and escaped slaves. Hooks Central Library provides facilities for researchers to view items from the library's archives and its manuscript collections. These include historical records of people and families, maps, photographs, newspaper vertical files, books, city directories, and music and video recordings.
These materials document the development of the community, government, economy, culture, and heritage of Memphis and Shelby County, Tennessee. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Memphis Training School for Nurses was chartered September 28, Choctaw Genesis, — Indians of the Southeast. Retrieved August 31, Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture.
My Homeland, Tennessee
New York Times. Southeast Chronicles. National Park Service. Retrieved In Charles H. McNutt ed. Prehistory of the Central Mississippi Valley. University of Alabama Press. The New Georgia Encyclopedia. Retrieved 10 December In David H. Dye and Sheryl Ann Cox eds. Towns and Temples Along the Mississippi. History of the Choctaw, Chickasaw and Natchez Indians. Norman , Oklahoma: University of Oklahoma Press.
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- History of Memphis, Tennessee - Wikipedia!
- History of Memphis, Tennessee?
University of Oklahoma Press. The Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture. James' River Guide.