- Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets
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- Dryland Systems Annual Report: Towards Sustainable Livelihoods in Drylands released | ICARDA
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It works at both a conceptual level — developing background papers and guidance material — and providing operational support to country programmes. The White Paper stresses the importance of partnerships at all levels.
Sustainable livelihoods guidance sheets
The debate has not yet extended adequately to partner organisations in developing countries. People-centred The livelihoods approach puts people at the centre of development. Sustainable poverty reduction will be achieved only if external support i. Rather, it aspires to provide a way of thinking about livelihoods that is manageable and that helps improve development effectiveness. This does not mean that it places undue focus on the better endowed members of the community.
Macro-micro links Development activity tends to focus at either the macro or the micro level. Much macro policy is developed in isolation from the people it affects.
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Both these areas will need to be better understood if the full value of the livelihoods approach is to be realised. It should not be ignored or marginalised. Its different aspects are discussed in detail in the following sheet. What is sustainability?
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Sustainability has many dimensions, all of which are important to the sustainable livelihoods approach. Very few livelihoods qualify as sustainable across all these dimensions.
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Why is sustainability important? However with diversity come trade-offs; trade-offs within livelihood outcomes see 2.
Dryland Systems Annual Report: Towards Sustainable Livelihoods in Drylands released | ICARDA
This is, however, an area in which further work is required. The asset pentagon that lies at the heart of livelihoods analysis see 2. Our hope is that the global commitment to reducing the negative effects of climate change and land degradation will be matched with increased investment in the years to come. Investment in systems approaches is critical to tackle climate change adaptation and mitigation, and to combat the land degradation that affects the lives of millions of smallholder producers and consumers in developing countries.
In , we produced critical scientific evidence, multidisciplinary knowledge and integrated systems tools to help improve agricultural livelihoods and sustainable development in the rural drylands of the developing world. Four years of rigorous scientific work that we coordinated in the framework of the global Economics of Land Degradation initiative culminated in publication of The Value of Land.
An accompanying report, Reaping Economic and Environmental Benefits from Sustainable Land Management, summarized significant issues for policy and decision makers. Notably, the private sector is now using the business brief, Opportunity Lost: Mitigating risk and making the most of your land assets, to assess exposure to the risks of land degradation and to evaluate opportunities in sustainable land management.
From improved livelihood options to increased incomes and production to providing research insights and incisive policy recommendations for adopting sustainable land management practices, developing value chains, promoting conservation agriculture, empowering women and young people to build better agricultural livelihood futures for themselves, to establishing and maintaining 55 open access geospatial databases, and producing an impressive body of literature publications , this report outlines progress made towards three specific goals we have set for ourselves to: 1 reduce poverty, 2 improve food and nutrition security, and 3 ensure sustainable resource management in rural dryland communities, which are home to 1.
Our Annual Report features several success stories of how Dryland Systems is working with communities, civil society actors and policy makers to develop innovative research-for-development interventions, and with our dedicated donors and partners, bring them to scale. Some early successes are the re-greening of silvopastoral systems, integrating small holders in agricultural value chains, gender empowerment through village-based seed enterprises in Afghanistan, the adoption in Nigeria of a policy promoting new, high yielding, heat-tolerant wheat varieties, and Index-Based Livestock Insurance in Kenya and Ethiopia.
Year saw real on-the-ground impacts in poverty reduction in drylands.
For instance, through the identification of the main drivers of poverty and the adoption of more productive and profitable agricultural practices, we increased the incomes of many farming households across Algeria, Egypt, Eritrea, Kenya, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and Yemen. Dryland Systems places sustainable natural resources and ecosystems management at the core of environmental and human development; in more than 16, hectares across North Africa were managed under conservation agriculture options, and more than , hectares reaped the benefits of enhanced natural capital as improved wheat based technologies were employed across Ethiopia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria and Sudan.
Big efforts were made to help vulnerable rural dryland communities adapt to climate change and increase their resilience.
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With our partners, we helped develop insurance schemes, like the Index-Based Livestock Insurance in Kenya, and introduced drought-resistant crops and intercropping techniques to build agrifood systems resilience to increased climate variability. Empowering women and young adults was one of the cornerstones of our activities in In addition to several gender studies and systems-perspective research on the gender gap, we targeted gender inequality in dry areas by involving women in training seminars and agricultural information programs.
Our Youth Strategy was updated to promote a transformative environment through the involvement of young people within the agricultural sector.